The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) strives to address national needs in radiation protection. It has been another exciting year with the hard work of multiple committees overflowing with new scientific ideas. A few highlights:
- In July 2016, Dr. Kathryn D. Held was selected to serve as the Council’s next Executive Director and Chief Science Officer. Kathy was first elected to the Council in 2006 and served on the NCRP Board of Directors from 2008 to 2014. She was Vice President from 2011 to 2016 and Co-Chair of Program Area Committee 1 (PAC 1) on Basic Criteria, Epidemiology, Radiobiology, and Risk. She remains an Associate Radiation Biologist in the Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology (Radiation Biology) at Harvard Medical School. NCRP is delighted to have Kathy “on board.” Already she has been invaluable in keeping NCRP running smoothly since November 2016, when I underwent back surgery.
- Council Committee 1 (CC 1), Radiation Protection Guidance for the United States, is making great progress on providing a new look at radiation protection recommendations. NCRP Report No. 116 (1993) is being updated with financial support from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) (Chair: Kenneth R. Kase; Co-Chair: Donald A. Cool).
- CC 2, Meeting the Needs of the Nation for Radiation Protection, continues and expands upon our Where are the Radiation Professionals? (WARP) initiative, NCRP Statement No. 12 (2015). This incredibly important activity for our future has undergone reorganization and has writing teams hard at work (Chair: Richard E. Toohey; Co-Chairs: Kathryn A. Higley and Wayne D. Newhauser).
- Commentary No. 25, Potential for Central Nervous System Effects from Radiation Exposure During Space Activities Phase I: Overview (2016), was published (Co-Chairs: Leslie A. Braby and Richard S. Nowakowski).
- Commentary No. 26, Guidance on Radiation Dose Limits for the Lens of the Eye (2016), was published (Co-Chairs: Eleanor A. Blakeley and Lawrence T. Dauer).
- The president wrote 12 “Boice Report” columns on “all things radiation” for the Health Physics News, made 25 invited presentations to international, national, scientific and university audiences (including the Distinguished Lecture at the University of Tennessee, College of Engineering), and had 10 publications in the scientific literature. A study on leukemia risk following nuclear weapons testing in the Journal of Radiological Protection was selected among the most influential articles of the year and will be available for free access for the rest of the year.
- Funds to support scientific committees (SCs) have been provided by several agencies including:
– Centers for Disease Control and Protection (CDC) (SC 1-20, SC 2-6, SC 4-5, SC 4-7, SC 4-9, and SC 6-9);
– City of New York (SC 3-1);
– Food and Drug Administration (SC 4-5);
– National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) [SC 1-24 and Million Worker Study (MWS)];
– U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (SC 3-1); and
– NRC (CC 1, SC 1-23, SC 1-25, and MWS).
- MWS is recognized around the world as the major investigation to fill gaps in understanding the health effects of exposures received gradually over time. Over the years, support has been received from many agencies [U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), DOE, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), NASA, the National Cancer Institute (NCI), NRC, and in kind support from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and military services] but now funding has been reduced substantially and eliminated in some cases. Thus there is a serious need to secure adequate funding for completion before this window of opportunity closes.
- A workshop was held at the 2016 mid-year meeting of the Health Physics Society (HPS) in Austin, Texas, on “Radiation Protection for Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) and Technologically Enhanced NORM (TENORM) from Oil and Gas Recovery.” A summary was published in Health Physics News (March 2016).
- The Proceedings of the 2015 NCRP Annual Meeting on “Changing Regulations and Radiation Guidance: What Does the Future Hold?” were published in the February 2016 issue of Health Physics.
- The Proceedings of the 2016 NCRP Annual Meeting on “Meeting the Needs of the Nation for Radiation Protection” were published in the February 2017 issue of Health Physics.
- At the HPS 2016 Annual Meeting in Spokane, Washington, in July 2016, I presented a plenary talk on “Space the Final Frontier – Research Relevant to Mars” which will be published in a special issue of Health Physics in April 2017. There also was a special session on “Updating NCRP’s General Recommendations,” Co-Chaired by Kenneth R. Kase and me to present the ongoing work of CC 1.
- Two joint Radiation Research Society (RRS)/NCRP symposia — the Bill Morgan Memorial Symposia — were held at the 2016 RRS Annual Meeting in Hawaii, including presentations about the work of SC 1-25. Proceedings will be published in the International Journal of Radiation Biology, with guest editors including Dr. Held and myself.
- A workshop, co-sponsored by NCRP and the Greater New York Chapter of HPS on “Lens of Eye Guidance-Next Steps: A Stakeholder Workshop on Implementation and Research” was held in August 2016 at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York.
- A refresher course was conducted at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) on “Biodosimetry Issues Following a Major Radiological Incident.” This was back by demand; the first refresher course was at the 2015 Annual Meeting of RSNA.
- Several changes of PAC leadership have occurred. Armin Ansari has taken on the reigns of PAC 3 (Nuclear and Radiological Security and Safety); Tammy P. Taylor remains on PAC 3 and Brooke R. Buddemeier remains as Co-Chair. Randall N. Hyer is the new Chair of PAC 7 (Radiation Education, Risk Communication, Outreach, and Policy) succeeding Paul A. Locke and Steven M. Becker, the creators of the PAC. Jonine Bernstein is the new Co-Chair of PAC 1, succeeding Dr. Held who had to step down when she accepted the Executive Director and Chief Science Officer positions.
- SC 1-20 has recently completed a draft report on Biological Effectiveness of Low Energy Photons and Electrons for Evaluating Human Cancer Risk (Chair: Steven L. Simon) that is undergoing Council review.
- SC 1-24 Phase II is expanding on the work of Phase I looking at radiation exposures in space and the potential for effects on the central nervous system. The Committee for Phase II has had several meetings, including one recently at the Johnson Space Center, and is progressing on report preparation (Co-Chairs: Leslie A. Braby and Jacob Raber).
- SC 1-25 on Recent Epidemiologic Studies and Implications for the Linear-Nonthreshold Model (Chair: Roy E. Shore; Co-Chair: Lawrence T. Dauer) was formed in 2015 to provide guidance to CC 1. The final draft commentary from this Committee is expected by the end of the first quarter of 2017.
- SC 2-6 has completed a report on radiation safety aspects of nanotechnology that is currently in final preparations for publication in March 2017 (Chair: Mark D. Hoover; Co-Chair: David S. Myers).
- SC 2-7 has completed a draft report on Radiation Safety Of Sealed Radiation Sources; the report has undergone Council review and is being revised in accord with comments received; with publication expected in late 2017 (Chair: Kathryn H. Pryor).
- SC 3-1 has been progressing at full speed in cooperation with DHS, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, and other state and federal agencies to address the complex issues of dosimetry for emergency responders in the event of an improvised nuclear device being detonated (Co-Chairs: Stephen V. Musolino and Adela Salame-Alfie). A report will be published in early 2017, and work on the follow-on commentary to provide implementation guidance has begun.
- SC 4-5 recently completed a report on protection in dentistry associated with cone beam computed tomography (CT). The report is being prepared for publication in 2017 (Co-Chairs: Mel L. Kantor and Alan G. Lurie).
- SC 4-7 continues its work on communicating radiation risks and institution review board guidance (Chair: Julie E.K. Timins). The draft report will go out for Council review in early 2017.
- SC 4-8 continues its work on patient dose and CT (Chair: Mannudeep K.S. Kalra).
SC 5-2 is addressing Radiation Protection for NORM and TENORM from Oil and Gas Recovery (Chair: William E. Kennedy, Jr.).
- SC 6-9 has nearly completed a comprehensive assessment of the complex radiation dosimetry issues for U.S. radiation workers and nuclear test participants (Chair: Andre Bouville; Co-Chair: Richard E. Toohey). The report has undergone Council review and comments are being addressed, with publication expected later in 2017.
- SC 4-9 on Medical Exposure of the U.S. Population has begun preparing a report to evaluate changes in medical x-ray exposure since NCRP Report No. 160 (2009) (Chair: Fred A. Mettler, Jr.; Co-Chair: Mahadevappa Mahesh).
- SC 1-26 will start developing a report expanding NCRP Commentary No. 24 (2015) on Health Effects of Low Doses of Radiation: Perspectives on Integrating Radiation Biology and Epidemiology (Chair: R. Julian Preston).
The President has met and discussed opportunities for partnership with personnel at the American College of Radiology, Harvard University, HPS, NASA, RRS, U.S. Naval Reactors, NRC, and others. NCRP strives to be relevant and attuned to the needs of the nation across many disciplines. Yet, despite the obvious need for radiation guidance in the United States, we continue to be overwhelmed by two tidal waves of societal change: the dwindling number of radiation professionals available to meet the needs of the nation, and the sources of funding for radiation protection activities continue in a downward spiral. Our WARP initiative addresses these tsunami trends of reality, but solutions must include increased governmental recognition and support.
NCRP continues to support the passing of legislation similar to H.R. 35 offered in the previous session (114th) of the US Congress. H.R. 35 was the Bill on Low-Dose Radiation Research which sought to develop a strategy for health research on low-dose radiation to meet national needs. The Bill would have required:
- identifying scientific challenges to understanding low-dose effects;
- assessing the current status of radiation research;
- formulating scientific goals for future radiation research;
- recommending a long-term strategy; and
- prioritizing a research agenda to overcome the challenges and meet the goals.
I applaud our legislative leaders for recognizing a serious gap in the nation’s infrastructure necessary to deal with the burgeoning exposure of the population to medical radiation, the potential burden of regulatory actions if overly conservative, as well as the consequences of nuclear terrorism and major nuclear reactor accidents.
SC 1-21 was remarkably prescient and has published a commentary on the Health Effects of Low Doses of Radiation: Perspectives on Integrating Radiation Biology and Epidemiology (2015). These goals are similar to those articulated in H.R. 35. Critical research needs for evaluating low-dose radiation health effects are the focus to bridging the gap between molecules and the entire human being. Biologically-based models coupled with high-quality, large-scale epidemiologic data such as those coming from the MWS are one way forward. This public awareness about gaps in radiation knowledge further accentuates the urgency for developing and strengthening major programs in the United States to train, engage and retain radiation protection professionals necessary to meet the needs of our nation.
The issues of radiation protection in the 21st century have been sculptured by recent events, by the increasing use of radiation in medicine, and by the horrific possibility of a nuclear terrorist act. The March 2011 Fukushima nuclear reactor accident and meltdown was a major radiation disaster which brought into vivid focus the need for radiation guidance and improved ways to communicate with the press, members of the public, and, equally important, the medical community and scientists. In 2007 the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) made recommendations that have generated interest around the world and coincide with U.S. initiatives to update and revise our protection regulations. NCRP is addressing the needs for regulatory change and thoughtful guidance through the work of CC 1 which is updating and expanding on NCRP Report No. 116 entitled Limitation of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation (1993).
Our financial situation, in my view, has remained around a B–: okay (we can keep the lights on) but long-term funding possibilities, while getting better, are still uncertain. In addition to grants and contracts, we receive interagency support for research efforts for the MWS, and we are reaching out to government agencies to support the initiatives outlined above as well as to benefactors, donors, industry, professional societies, and universities. We are grateful for our corporate sponsors and many professional contributors but we need more resources to increase our ability to serve the nation at this critical time. We will continue to develop innovative approaches for resource gathering and will work to invigorate our resource committee (Chair: James A. Brink) under the auspices of our finance committee. Please send us ideas for opportunities to support NCRP and your interest in helping.
To secure the long-term stability of NCRP, creating a foundation with endowed funding would go a long way to address basic salary needs, support for interns and training, and expansion of the activities related to the ever increasing needs of the nation for radiation protection. We continue to look for opportunities.
Small endeavors to increase the financial stability of NCRP include the AmazonSmile® initiative where, at no cost to the individual, all purchases made on Amazon will provide a small percentage back to NCRP. Other opportunities suggested were to add NCRP as a small percentage beneficiary on IRAs, 401(k)s, and life insurance policies as already done by some Council members. Council members also make direct charitable contributions to NCRP and donations in memory of deceased Council members (e.g., William M. Beckner and William F. Morgan) are very much appreciated. As an example, I continue to make charitable contributions to NCRP to assist with ongoing programs. The funds can be committed to a specific topic or uncommitted and then applied to defray the costs of the annual meeting and underfunded program areas.
Our 2016 Annual Meeting (published in the February 2017 issue of Health Physics) was on “Meeting the Needs of the Nation for Radiation Protection.” This meeting was a continuation of our WARP initiative (Statement No. 12) and CC 2 activities. New enhancements at the meeting included for the first time the Joint Armed Forces Honor Guard from the Military District of Washington D.C. and the singing of our National Anthem by Kimberly Gaskins of NRC. The 2016 Annual Meeting featured the 40th Lauriston S. Taylor Lecture by John W. Poston, Jr. who discussed radiation protection and regulatory science; the 13th Annual Warren F. Sinclair address presented by Richard E. Toohey, who reviewed the WARP-related activities of NCRP; and the 2016 Members’ Dinner Speaker, Randall N. Hyer, whose talk was entitled “Breaking Bad News in the High-Concern, Low Trust Setting: How to Get Your Story Heard.” These invited presentations were all published in the proceedings.
Our 2017 Annual Meeting is on “Assessment of National Efforts in Emergency Preparedness for Nuclear Terrorism: Is There a Need for Realignment to Close Remaining Gaps? (Co-chairs: Armin Ansari and Adela Salame-Alfie). The issue of radiological emergency preparedness is an important topic for our nation. This meeting will take an introspective and critical look at the advances that have taken place in the last 15 y, focusing on key areas of preparedness and response. The meeting will continue enhancements of past years including: the Honor Guard and singing of the National Anthem; videotaping each presentation (a new initiative will be linking the final publications to the videotaped presentations); travel awards to three young scientists made possible by the generosity of RRS; questions and answers published in the proceedings; and assistance from armed forces volunteers. The meeting highlights will include the 41st Lauriston S. Taylor Lecture by F. Ward Whicker on “Environmental Radiation and Life: A Broad View”; the 14th Annual Warren F. Sinclair address presented by Jack Hermann on “Aren’t We Ready Yet? Closing the Planning, Response and Recovery Gaps for Radiological Terrorism”; and the Members’ Dinner Speaker Adam Hutter with a talk entitled “Sidekicks to the Heroes: How Science and Technology Supports First Responders.”
A column describing NCRP and other radiation professional activities (“The Boice Report”) has completed its fifth year of monthly publications in Health Physics News. Covered are recent events in radiation protection, measurements, science, and health throughout the world. There have been 53 columns published through December 2016. A compilation publication is being considered of the first 50 columns.
My travel schedule and presentation schedule in 2016 continued to be substantial and included presentations at:
- Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health;
- Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences;
- University of Tennessee, College of Engineering, Knoxville, Tennessee;
- RRS 62th Annual Meeting, Kona, Hawaii;
- NCRP 52th Annual Meeting, Bethesda, Maryland;
- 12th Annual Gilbert W. Beebe Symposium, National Academies, Washington, D.C.;
- 2016 Summer Curriculum in Cancer Prevention, NCI, Rockville, Maryland;
- NRC Regulatory Information Conference (RIC), Rockville, Maryland (attended);
- 57th Annual Meeting of the Baltimore-Washington Chapter of HPS, Rockville, Maryland;
- HPS 61th Annual Meeting, Spokane, Washington;
- HPS 49th Midyear Meeting, Austin, Texas;
Meetings of the Interagency Steering Committee on Radiation Standards, Washington, D.C.;
- 2016 NASA Investigators’ Workshop; “Frontiers in Human Space Exploration Research; Space Radiation Carcinogenesis III and Galactic Cosmic Ray Simulation,” Galveston, Texas;
- International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA 2016), Cape Town, South Africa;
- Center for Radiological Research Centennial Celebration Symposium, Columbia University, New York;
- Radiation Protection Week, Oxford, United Kingdom;
- 5th International Expert Symposium in Fukushima; “Chernobyl+30, Fukushima+5: Lessons and Solutions for Fukushima’s Thyroid Question,” Fukushima, Japan; and
- Symposium organized by the Chinese Society of Radiation Protection in conjunction with ICRP, Shenzhen, China.
During 2016, I received the following recognitions:
- Distinguished Public Health Service Award, HPS, Spokane, Washington;
- Distinguished Lecturer, University of Tennessee, College of Engineering, Knoxville, Tennessee; and
- Sievert Award, IRPA, Cape Town, South Africa.
The 2016 calendar year was productive with the continuing work of standing SCs and initiation of new committees outlined above, and the publication of NCRP reports, commentaries, proceedings, statements, and scientific articles. These include:
- NCRP Commentary No. 25, Potential for Central Nervous System Effects from Radiation Exposure During Space Activities Phase I: Overview (2016).
- NCRP Commentary No. 26, Guidance on Radiation Dose Limits for the Lens of the Eye (2016).
- The Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting in 2015 on “Changing Regulations and Radiation Guidance: What Does the Future Hold?” (Chairs: Donald A. Cool, Ruth E. McBurney, and Kathryn H. Pryor) was published in Health Physics in February 2016. The Proceedings included the 39th Lauriston S. Taylor Lecture on Radiation Protection and Measurements by Keith F. Eckerman on “Dosimetry of Internal Emitters: Contributions of Radiation Protection Bodies and Radiological Events” and the 12th Annual Warren K. Sinclair Keynote Address by Kenneth R. Kase on “Influence of NCRP on Radiation Protection in the United States: Guidance and Regulation.” The first Thomas S. Tenforde Topical Lecture was by Jacques Lochard on “Ethics and Radiation Protection” [Health Phys. 110(2), (2016)]. Another innovation was the first publication of the Members’ Dinner talk: former NRC Chairman Allison Macfarlane’s presentation and publication was on “Radiation and Regulation in a Post-Fukushima World” [Health Phys. 110(2), 118–122 (2016)]. An informative summary by Richard E. Toohey with accompanying photographs by Casper Sun were published in the May 2015 issue of Health Physics News!
- The Proceedings of the 2016 NCRP Annual Meeting, “Meeting the Needs of the Nation for Radiation Protection,” (Co-Chairs: Judith L Bader, Kathryn H. Pryor, and Richard E. Toohey) was published in the February 2017 issue of Health Physics, including the: 40th Lauriston S. Taylor Lecture by John W. Poston, Jr. on “Radiation Protection and Regulatory Science”; the 13th Annual Warren F. Sinclair address by Richard E. Toohey on “Where are the Radiation Professionals (WARP)?”; and the 2016 Members’ Dinner talk by Randall N. Hyer, “Breaking Bad News in the High-Concern, Low Trust Setting: How to Get Your Story Heard.” An informative summary by Dr. Toohey with accompanying photographs by Casper Sun were published in the June 2016 issue of Health Physics News!
- A Stakeholder Workshop on Implementation and Research: Lens of Eye Guidance-Next Steps was held at Memorial Sloan Kettering, New York in partnership with the Greater New York Chapter of HPS. The presentations are available at: http://ncrponline.org/wp-content/themes/ncrp/PDFs/2016/LensEye_Workshop_presentations.pdf
Active committees are preparing the reports and commentaries highlighted at the beginning of the President’s Message. In addition, NCRP has continued to move forward to address the evolving and challenging issues of radiation protection facing our nation. These include:
- To draw younger professions into the protection arena, we continue our partnership with RRS, who provides travel support for young scientists to attend the NCRP annual meeting. Three were able to attend in 2016 and three are planned for 2017.
- We continue to partner with HPS to improve the conduct of our mission to enhance radiation protection in the United States. After being an instrumental part of their 2016 midyear meeting on TENORM in Austin, Texas, we had a similar presence at the 2017 midyear meeting in Bethesda, Maryland, January 23-23, 2017, with a session on “Radiation Protection and Nuclear Power.” An informative summary of the Symposium by Donald A. Cool is in press for the March 2017 issue of the Health Physics News. We have begun discussing an appropriate topic for the NCRP sessions in Denver at the 2018 HPS midyear meeting, with waste management being high on the list.
- The CC 1 draft report on Radiation Protection Guidance for the United States was circulated to members of the PACs and ICRP in the spring of 2016, then Committee Co-Chairs Kase and Cool discussed the draft with each PAC during their meetings on April 10, 2016. During 2016, presentations were made by the Co-Chairs, soliciting feedback, to the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM); Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors; HPS; ICRP; IRPA; Radiation Protection Week, Oxford; RRS; RSNA; and the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). The Committee has been reviewing the extensive comments from the PACs, stakeholder meetings, and the ICRP Task Group and incorporating them into a new draft report. At their September 2016 meeting, the Committee reached consensus on several overarching issues and on the disposition and substantial reworking of each section of the draft. Rewriting to consider all comments is underway to create a document that will be useful for the United States: practical, implementable, and easy to understand. It will strive to provide adequate protection against the adverse consequences of radiation without unduly limiting the beneficial uses.
- We partner with agencies (federal, state and local) with substantial interests and programs involving radiation and protection. These include the CDC, DHS, DOD, DOE, EPA, NASA, National Nuclear Security Administration, U.S. Navy, NYC, NRC, and others. We are the Council for the nation and strive to meet the needs of our country in all facets of radiation protection.
- We are improving the PAC structure in having, for the fourth time, full PAC meetings and then a joint session of all PACs just before the annual meeting to present current activities and future plans and visions. This rewarding experience, begun in 2014, has become a mainstay of the annual meeting. An innovation in 2015 was the individual publication of PAC activities and vision by their chairs. Similar summaries are considered for 2017.
- Issues surrounding radiofrequencies could be considered in the future such as cell phone exposures and other uses of nonionizing radiation, including concerns over electromagnetic field exposures. The NCRP Advisory Panel on Nonionizing Radiation was reconstituted in 2015.
- We still need to become more attuned to the modern age of social media with Twitter®, Facebook®, YouTube®, Instagram®, and other approaches to outreach.
- We continue the arrangement negotiated with AAPM in 2015 for a period of 5 y to make PDFs of NCRP publications available to their members. This is providing wider distribution of NCRP recommendations as well as securing funding for a portion of our publication revenue. We hope to gain other partners in the distribution of our publications.
- NCRP continues to participate in meetings or conferences of HPS, ICRP, the NRC RIC, RRS, UNSCEAR, and more. These venues increase NCRP visibility and impact.
- Approaches to improve radiation risk communication, perception and outreach continue to be developed. As the NCRP President, I continue to provide interviews with the New York Times, Scientific American, and other media on issues ranging from cellular telephones to Fukushima.
- Expanding our efforts in medicine, such as quality management of radiological medical imaging and electronic tracking of patient exposures continues. As listed above, SC 4-5 on protection in dentistry associated with cone beam CT has completed its report, which is in the final stages of preparation for publication. A new initiative, updating the medical component of NCRP Report No. 160 (2009), has begun with the official formation of SC 4-9 on Medical Exposure to the U.S. Population in January 2017.
- I am on the 2024 IRPA North American Bid Task Force which successfully secured the International Conference to be held in Orlando. The topic proposed is on “Harmonization in Radiation Protection Issues.” I was honored at the 2016 IRPA Conference in Cape Town, South Africa by receiving the Sievert Award. Lauriston S. Taylor was the only other American to receive this award since its offering 50 y ago.
- I remain on the ICRP Main Commission (first elected in 1997) and am now the alternate U.S. Representative to UNSCEAR (first appointed on the delegation by the State Department in 1993).
NCRP reports, activities, members, programs and more can be found on the website, http://NCRPonline.org. The NCRP program of activities is made possible by the partnership and financial support from many government agencies including CDC, NASA, NCI, NYC, DOD, DOE, DHS, EPA, and NRC, as noted above. In addition, gifts from our corporate sponsors and many collaborating organizations, as well as some individual donors, remain critical to our continued success and are gratefully acknowledged.
It is with great sadness that I recognize the passing of three NCRP Council members, participants, and wonderful individuals, and also personal friends, who died in the past year:
- Robert O. Gorson: Bob was Professor Emeritus, University of Pennsylvania and Thomas Jefferson University; Council Member, 1964–1987; Distinguished Emeritus Member, 1987–2016; Board of Directors, 1968–1974; Budget and Finance Committee, 1968–1976; Nominating Committee, 1981–1984, Chair 1985–1987; Member SC 44, SC 4-4; Liaison SC 46-13; AAPM History Committee with 100+ archival video interviews; informal NCRP historian with priceless recordings of annual meeting discussions and activities.
- Bo Lindell: Bo was NCRP Lauriston S. Taylor Lecturer, 1988; ICRP Emeritus Member; ICRP Chairman, 1977–1985; ICRP Vice Chairman, 1969–1977; ICRP Scientific Secretary, 1957–1962; IRPA Executive Council 1966–1973.
- Constantine J. Maletskos: Costa was an NCRP Technical Staff Consultant on Report No. 158, Uncertainties in the Measurement and Dosimetry of External Radiation (2007); Report No. 155, Management of Radionuclide Therapy Patients (2006); Report No. 144, Radiation Protection for Particle Accelerator Facilities (2003); Report No. 140, Exposure Criteria for Medical Diagnostic Ultrasound: II. Criteria Based on All Known Mechanisms (2002); and Report No. 66, Mammography (1980) [the first NCRP report on which I served as a Committee member].
Finally, NCRP remains a dynamic and influential organization only because of the generous contributions of time and knowledge made by Council members, the Senior Vice President, Scientific Vice Presidents, committee members, Board of Directors, consultants, and the NCRP staff! These continue to be exciting times, challenging times, and changing times and opportunities abound. We are limited only by our imaginations (and shrinking budgets!). We balance two issues in management articulated by Admiral Rickover — the need to embrace innovation without losing sight or capitulating to the process (the routine hard work) that got NCRP where we are today and keeps us on an even keel. Our goal remains to be efficient, effective and productive, with a broad view for the future with ideas and visions to address the needs of the nation as we meet together the challenges of radiation protection for the 21st century! Your help, guidance, and financial support are essential for the future of NCRP.
John D. Boice, Jr.