SC 5-2: Radiation Protection for Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) and Technologically Enhanced NORM (TENORM) from Oil and Gas Recovery

SC 5-2 is to prepare a commentary that provides a literature review of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) and technologically enhanced NORM (TENORM) radiation protection issues in oil and gas recovery, identifies gaps in knowledge, and makes recommendations for a more comprehensive two-part guidance document/report that:

  • establishes radiation exposure scenarios and spreadsheet calculation methods useful for estimating individual radiation doses for potentially exposed individuals;
  • establishes radiation monitoring protocols for monitoring oil and gas recovery facilities; and
  • makes recommendations with regard to issues of radiation protection and fill the gaps in guidance that currently exist.

NCRP/SC 5-2 sponsored a workshop entitled “TENORM in Unconventional Oil and Gas Production” in conjunction with the Health Physics Society Midyear Meeting on February 1, 2016.

The membership of SC 5-2 is:




has extensive experience as a project manager, task leader, and individual contributor covering a broad range of health physics and nuclear engineering topics. He received his BS and MS degrees in Nuclear Engineering from Kansas State University. Mr. Kennedy has been involved in the development of environmental pathway and radiation dosimetry models used to assess potential health and environmental impacts that resulted from releases of radionuclides to the environment.

He specializes in the use of these models in environmental dose reconstruction, radioactive materials transport, radioactive waste disposal, and evaluation of nuclear facility operating practices. Over the past 37 y, Mr. Kennedy has led and contributed to a variety of projects for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Electric Power Research Institute, and private industry. He has been involved with development of the technical basis for revised standards and regulations, and serves as the chair of ANSI/HPS N13.12, Surface and volume Radioactivity Standards for Clearance. He served as a consultant to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria, and was a member of the IAEA Advisory Groups to evaluate the Derivation of Exempt Quantities for Application to Terrestrial Waste Disposal and Derivation of Exempt Quantities for Recycle of Materials from Nuclear Facilities.

He was an invited lecturer for IAEA training courses on Management of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Power Plants at Argonne National Laboratory; on Safety Assessment Modeling for Low and Intermediate Radwastes in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and in Cairo, Egypt; and on Environmental Monitoring in Kiev, Ukraine. In 1990, he received the Health Physics Society's (HPS) prestigious Elda E. Anderson Award. He served as a member of the HPS Board of Directors from 1998 through 2001 and was selected as a fellow of the society in 2002. He was a member of the U.S. delegation to the 10th Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association in Hiroshima, Japan.

william e. kennedy, jr., Co-Chair
David J. Allard

David J. Allard


David J. Allard is the Director of Pennsylvania's Department of Environment Protection (DEP) Bureau of Radiation Protection; responsible for the accelerator, x ray, environmental surveillance, nuclear safety, radiological emergency response, radioactive materials, decommissioning / site cleanup, low-level waste, and radon programs within the Commonwealth. He is the Governor's official liaison to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and a Commissioner for the Appalachian States Low-level Radioactive Waste Compact Commission.

Mr. Allard received a BS in Environmental Sciences from the State University of New York –Albany and an MS in Radiological Sciences and Protection from the University of Massachusetts – Lowell. He is certified by the American Board of Health Physics and a Fellow of the Health Physics Society.

Prior to joining DEP in February 1999, he was a consultant to the U.S. Department of Energy on environmental and occupational radiation protection for 8 y. Mr. Allard has been involved in various aspects of governmental, industrial, reactor, medical and academic radiation protection for 36 y. He serves as a member or advisor on several national radiation protection committees, has authored numerous professional papers and reports, and lectures frequently on a wide variety of radiation protection topics and concerns.

David J. Allard
M. BarrieM. Barrie
P. EgidiP. Egidi
G. ForseeG. Forsee
Johnson RRay Johnson
Andrew J. Lombardo

Andrew J. Lombardo


Andrew J. Lombardo has over 30 years of experience in radiation protection/health physics and the management of radioactive material sites including radiological engineering, hazardous and radiological waste characterization, project management, decontamination and decommissioning, and environmental remediation. Mr. Lombardo currently serves as the Senior Vice President and Manager of Nuclear Services for Perma-Fix. Mr. Lombardo is an industry expert in radioactive material assessment and the characterization and management of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) and technologically enhanced NORM (TENORM).

He received a BS in Natural Sciences in 1981 from Indiana University of Pennsylvania; an MS in Health Physics from the University of Pittsburgh in 1994; and is Certified in the Practice of Comprehensive Health Physics by the American Board of Health Physics since 1994.

Andrew J. Lombardo



is the Executive Director of the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors. In that position, she manages and directs the administrative office for the organization. Prior to taking that position in January 2007, she was the Manager of the Radiation Safety Licensing Branch at the Texas Department of State Health Services, culminating 25 y of service in the Texas Radiation Control Program, most of which involved licensing and standards development.

Ms. McBurney has served on the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Advisory Committee on the Medical Use of Isotopes and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's National Mammography Quality Assurance Advisory Committee. She is currently serving as a Member of NCRP, and is also on the Board of Directors. She served as a consultant to the International Atomic Energy Agency in the categorization of radiation sources and recently served on a committee of the National Academy of Science regarding replacement technologies for high-risk radiation sources. She has also been a U.S. delegate to the International Radiation Protection Association's 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th Congresses.

Ms. McBurney holds a BS in Biology from Henderson State University in Arkansas and an MS in Radiation Sciences from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. She is also certified in comprehensive health physics by the American Board of Health Physics.

Ruth E. McBurney
Frazier J


Frazier J

is an independent, health physics consultant with over 35 y of professional experience in a wide range of radiation protection areas. His areas of expertise include external and internal radiation dosimetry, environmental dose assessment, radiation risk assessment, radiation spectroscopy, health physics training, radiation detection and measurement, and radiological site characterization. Dr. Frazier earned a BA in Physics from Berea College, an MS in Physics from the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, and a PhD in Physics (with health physics emphasis) from the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. His dissertation research was performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the study of interactions of low-energy electrons with large molecules. He completed Comprehensive Certification in health physics from the American Board of Health Physics in 1981 and has been recertified through 2013.

Dr. Frazier is a past-president of the American Academy of Health Physics and a fellow and past-president of the Health Physics Society. He is serving in his second term as an elected member of NCRP and has served on Scientific Committees 46 and 2-1 and on Program Area Committee 2 for the past 7 y. Dr. Frazier was awarded the 1988 Elda E. Anderson of the Health Physics Society and presented the 2007 John C. Villforth Lecture to the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors. He has served as an advisor to numerous federal agencies on a wide range of health physics and radiation protection topics from operational health physics program design to environmental radiation dose and risk assessments. Dr. Frazier has also served as a consultant to private companies and individuals on numerous health physics issues.

john r. frazier, Staff Consultant
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Last modified: January 30, 2017