SALLY A. AMUNDSON
is an Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology at the Center for Radiological Research of Columbia University Irving Medical Center in New York, where she is Co-Director of the Center for High-Throughput Minimally-Invasive Radiation Biodosimetry. She holds a doctorate in radiation biology and cancer biology from the Harvard School of Public Health. Her research uses functional genomics approaches to study low-dose radiation and bystander effects, unique effects of space radiation, the development of gene expression approaches for radiation biodosimetry, and the linear-energy transfer dependence of heavy ion radiotherapy.
Prior to joining the group at Columbia, Dr. Amundson worked on molecular radiation biology in the Division of Basic Science at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), where she helped to develop global gene expression profiling techniques, and where she was an Adjunct Investigator in the NCI Radiation Epidemiology Branch. She served on the Science Advisory Committee of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima from 2009 to 2014 and on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board’s Radiation Advisory Committee from 2015 to 2022. She has been a member of the Multidisciplinary European Low Dose Initiative (MELODI) Scientific Advisory Committee since 2016 and has served on the NCRP since 2004.
Dr. Amundson is an Associate Editor of Radiation Research, and has served on the organizing and program committees for numerous meetings, including two of the American Statistical Association Conferences on Radiation and Health, which aim to integrate radiation biology with epidemiology. She is a recipient of the Michael Fry Research Award from the Radiation Research Society (RRS), and served as President of the RRS in 2021 to 2022.
is the Radiological Assessment Team Lead at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) serving as subject matter expert in CDC’s radiation emergency preparedness and response activities. He received his BS and PhD degrees in radiation biophysics from the University of Kansas, starting his career as a radiation biologist, and did his postdoctoral research in radiation-induced mutagenesis at Oak Ridge and Los Alamos National Laboratories. He was a senior scientist with the radiological consulting firm of Auxier & Associates before joining CDC in 2002. He has led the development of key national guidance documents including guides for population monitoring and operation of public shelters after radiation emergencies and a number of training products for public health professionals. He is a past president of the Health Physics Society, adjunct associate professor of nuclear and radiological engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology, member of Georgia East Metro Medical Reserve Corps and Gwinnett County Community Emergency Response Team, and provides consultancy to the International Atomic Energy Agency. Since 2014, he has served as member of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. He is the author of Radiation Threats and Your Safety: A Guide to Preparation and Response for Professionals and Community, a book specifically directed at audiences without radiation protection expertise.
A. IULIAN APOSTOAEI
is a senior scientist at Oak Ridge Center for Risk Analysis, Oak Ridge, Tennessee and an adjunct professor in the Nuclear Engineering Department at University of Tennessee. He has more than 30 y of experience in radiological dose and risk assessment, and contributed to projects for different national and international organizations and agencies including National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), National Cancer Institute (NCI), NCRP, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), International Atomic Energy Agency, and United Nations Scientific Committee on Effects of Atomic Radiation. He is a co-author on NCRP Report No. 164 and ICRP Publication 150.
Dr. Apostoaei participated in numerous retrospective and prospective dose and risk assessment studies of (1) individuals exposed to historic releases of radionuclides from Oak Ridge Reservation in Tennessee, Hanford Site in Washington, and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory in Idaho, (2) members of public exposed to nuclear weapons fallout in the United States and the Marshall Islands, or (3) astronauts exposed to space radiation. He performed reviews of scientific information on various topics related to radiation dose assessment models and dose-response analyses in epidemiological studies.
External and internal dosimetry are areas of key interest for him. He participated in the development of an Internal Dose Estimation computer software Package (InDEP) to analyze bioassay data and calculate organ doses in workers exposed to plutonium and uranium by inhalation or ingestion, and of a new Fluoroscopy X-rays Organ-Specific Dosimetry System (FLUXOR) for historic exposures of patients to chest fluoroscopies. He also specializes in evaluation of various types of radiological risk (e.g., lifetime risk, probability of causation, years of life lost), and he contributed to the design, building and maintenance of several known radiation risk assessment tools, including NCI/NIOSH Interactive Radio-Epidemiological Program, NCI’s Radiation Risk Assessment Tool (BEIR VII/RadRAT), or NASA’s Risk Assessment Environment. He has extensive expertise in methods for propagation and analysis of uncertainties.
Kimberly E. Applegate
has served on NCRP meeting programs, Report No. 170, and currently serves as a member of Scientific Committee (SC) 4-12 Risk Management Stratification of Equipment and Training for Fluoroscopy and SC 4-13 on patient protective shielding in imaging. Dr. Applegate is a retired professor of radiology and pediatrics from the University of Kentucky in Lexington. Dr. Applegate’s policy and research work in radiation protection, including over 200 publications, has contributed to an improved understanding of the structure, process and outcomes of how pediatric imaging is practiced, including the volume of ionizing imaging in children, the variation in radiation dose in pediatric and adult imaging, and their quality improvement. She has worked collaboratively around the world to educate and improve practice.
Dr. Applegate is an elected member of the Main Commission of the International Commission for Radiological Protection as the chair of Committee 3, focusing on radiation protection in medicine, serving on a number of task groups that address guidance on the use of medical imaging procedures and radiation therapies. She joined, from its start, the Steering Committee for the Image Gently Alliance to improve safe and effective imaging care of children worldwide. Kimberly has received awards that include the American Association for Physicists in Medicine’s Honorary Membership and the American Association for Women in Radiology’s Marie Sklowdoska Curie Award for her unique roles in leadership and outstanding contributions to the advancement of women in the radiology professions.
EDOUARD I. AZZAM
Edouard I. Azzam is Professor in the Department of Radiology at Rutgers University - New Jersey Medical School. He received his doctoral degree in the field of radiation biology from the University of Ottawa (Canada) in 1995. From 1995 to 2000, he pursued post-doctoral studies at the Harvard School of Public Health under the mentorship of Professor John B. Little.
His research program has focused on elucidating the mechanisms underlying the biological effects of low doses/low fluences of ionizing radiations that differ in their biophysical characteristics. The goal is to elucidate the role of intercellular communication and oxidative metabolism in radiation-induced nontargeted effects and adaptive responses. The outcome of these investigations may be significant towards reducing the uncertainty associated with current models for predicting the long-term health risks of exposure to radiation. His studies have been funded by the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the U.S. Department of Energy; and they have resulted in the training of numerous students and post-doctoral fellows who remain engaged in unraveling the biochemical events underlying the responses of human cells to ionizing radiation.
JUDITH L. BADER
has a BA from Stanford University and an MD from Yale University School of Medicine. She has been board certified in Pediatrics, Pediatric Hematology-Oncology and Radiation Oncology. She is the author of scores of publications in various disciplines including clinical cancer trials, genetics and epidemiology, computer usability technology, and planning for and responding to mass casualty radiation emergencies. Dr. Bader was a Senior Investigator in many cancer clinical trials, genetics and epidemiology research projects, and communications technologies projects during her 22 y in the U.S. Public Health Service at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health. She has been the Chief of the Clinical Radiation Branch of the Radiation Oncology Branch at NCI, Chief of Radiation Oncology at the Bethesda Naval Hospital (now Walter Reed), and founding physician of two private radiation oncology practices. Since 2004, Dr. Bader has also served as a Senior Medical Advisor to various U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and interagency entities charged with planning for and responding to medical aspects of mass casualty radiation emergencies. She is the Founding and Managing Editor of the HHS/Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response-sponsored website Radiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM – https://www.remm.nlm.gov). She has served on various committees for the American Society for Clinical Oncology and the American Society for Radiation Oncology.
Report No. 170 – Second Primary Cancers and Cardiovascular Disease after Radiation Therapy (2011)
DANIEL J. BARNETT
is an Associate Professor in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. He has a Joint Faculty appointment in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the school. He is affiliated with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded Johns Hopkins Center for Public Health Preparedness.
His research interests include best practice models to enhance all-hazards public health emergency preparedness and response, with a strong interest in preparedness for radiological and nuclear terrorism threats. Specific areas of focus include willingness of health providers to respond to public health emergencies, risk communication; personal and family emergency preparedness planning, vulnerable populations in emergencies, and psychosocial impacts of disasters. He received a BA in English from Yale University, and his MD degree at the Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health; his MPH degree was earned at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and he is a graduate of the Johns Hopkins General Preventive Medicine Residency Program.
Jonine L. Bernstein
is an Attending Epidemiologist at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) in New York City. Her core research focus is on breast cancer and gliomas and on understanding cancer risk and progression in order to identify those at highest risk because of gene carrier status, environmental exposures, or a combination of both. Dr. Bernstein is the Principle Investigator of the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-funded international 24-center Women's Environmental Cancer Radiation and Epidemiologic (WECARE) Study which was specifically designed to examine the interaction of radiation exposure and genetic predisposition in breast cancer, especially radiation-associated contralateral breast cancer (CBC) among 3,700 women with CBC and unilateral breast cancer. The WECARE Study has served as the source population for studies of candidate genes such as BRCA1, BRCA2, CHEK2, and ATM, candidate gene pathways of DNA damage response involved in radiation-induced double-strand break repair—ATM, CHEK2, P53 binding protein (53BPI), and MDC1, Mre11, Rad50, and Nbs1 (e.g., MRN nuclease complex), a genome-wide association study, and most recently mammographic density. The global hypothesis across these studies is that women who carry certain types of mutations will be more susceptible to breast cancer than noncarriers, and possibly to radiation-associated breast cancer.
Dr. Bernstein currently serves as a member of the Board of Directors of the American College of Epidemiology, the External Advisory group for the NCI-sponsored Breast Cancer Family Registry, the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, and most recently the NCI Board of Scientific Counselors-Clinical Sciences and Epidemiology. For the past two years, she has served on the Organizing Committee of the American Statistical Association Conference on Radiation and Health (2012 and 2014 meetings), and was Co-Chair of the Third North American Congress of Epidemiology, held in June 2011 for which she was honored by the 2012 ACE Award for Leadership and Service in Epidemiology. Dr. Bernstein holds a PhD in Epidemiology from Yale University, an MS in Applied Biometry from the University of Southern California, and an AB from Brown University. Before joining the faculty at MSKCC, she was Deputy Director of the Division of Epidemiology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine.
WILLIAM F. BLAKELY
is a Senior Staff Scientist in the Radiation Biodosimetry Research Program at the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (AFRRI), Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS). He received his BA in Zoology in 1974 at San Diego State University and PhD in Radiation Biology in 1980 at the University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign under the supervision of his doctoral advisor, Dr. Howard S. Ducoff. He completed his postdoctorate study on DNA radiation chemistry in Dr. John F. Ward's laboratory at the University of California, San Diego. In 1983 he joined AFRRI/USUHS, his present affiliation. Dr. Blakely's research activities have focused on molecular mechanisms of radiation sensitivity, cell-cycle effects, DNA damage and repair, and biological dosimetry. He served as a guest editor for several issues of journals associated with international meetings, an associate editor for the Radiation Research, and Chairman of the NATO Research Study Group-Radiation Bioeffects and Countermeasures. He presently is the course director of the Radiation Biology graduate course at his University.
He also serves as a U.S. representative on the ISO TC85/SC2 (Radiation Protection) Working Group 18 (Performance Criteria for Service Laboratories Performing Biological Dosimetry by Cytogenetics), an assistant professor in the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Preventive Medicine and Biometrics Department, and an senior associate faculty at Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site. Elected as a Council member in 2003 and is currently serving a second 6 y term. He served as the Program Chair of NCRP 2004 Annual Meeting entitled: Advances in Consequence Management for Radiological Terrorism Events and is currently a member of NCRP PAC 6 - Dosimetry.
DANIEL J. BLUMENTHAL
is the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Attaché at the U.S. Embassy in Pakistan and previously filled the same role in Israel. From 2009 through 2020 he managed DOE radiological response programs at the National Nuclear Security Administration. In that role, Dr. Blumenthal led the initial DOE response team to Japan following the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident in March 2011. He has also participated in many international technical exchanges regarding emergency preparedness and nonproliferation. In 2009, he transferred from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Domestic Nuclear Detection Office where he was the Chief Test Scientist responsible for evaluating the performance of radiation detectors for first responders. Before that he was a Senior Scientist at DOE’s Remote Sensing Laboratory where he supported DOE emergency response teams. Dr. Blumenthal’s background is in nuclear physics. He is also a Certified Health Physicist (CHP) and a Fellow of the Health Physics Society.
JOHN D. BOICE, JR.
is Professor of Epidemiology at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. He is Past President of NCRP (2012 to 2018) and currently the Director of Science. After being awarded Doctor of Science in Epidemiology from Harvard University Dr. Boice went on to join the world-renowned National Cancer Institute (NCI) where he developed, and then in 1984 became the first chief of, the Radiation Epidemiology Branch. He remained in the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) for 27 y retiring as Captain. From 1997 to 2017, he was a member of the Main Commission of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, and for 25 y from 1993, a member of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. Dr. Boice has made substantial and significant contributions to our understanding of the risks posed by exposure to radiation, with over 550 publications in the scientific literature, many of them providing key elements for the scientific basis of radiological protection. He has been invited to deliver many distinguished lectures, including the Lauriston Taylor Lecture of the NCRP and the Sievert Lecture of the International Radiation Protection Association. His awards include the Harvard School of Public Health Alumni Award of Merit, the EO Lawrence Award from the U.S. Department of Energy, the Gorgas Medal from the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, the outstanding alumnus award from the University of Texas at El Paso, the Distinguished Service Medal from the USPHS, the NCI Director's Award in 2021, and recently he was elected Honorary Fellow of the U.K. Society for Radiological Protection in 2022. The "John D Boice Jr Young Investigator Award" was established by NCRP in 2019 to recognize early career professionals. He currently serves on the Steering Committees for the Image Gently Alliance and for the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (St. Jude). Dr. Boice has worked tirelessly to direct and advance the U.S. Million Person Study of nuclear workers and atomic test veterans, which will add significantly to our knowledge of the effects of prolonged exposure to low levels of radiation.
WESLEY E. BOLCH
is Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics in the J. Crayton Pruitt Family Department of Biomedical Engineering at the University of Florida (UF). He serves as Director of the Advanced Laboratory for Radiation Dosimetry Studies at UF. Dr. Bolch earned his BSE degree in environmental engineering in 1984, his ME and PhD degrees in radiological physics in 1986 and 1998, respectively, from the University of Florida. He has been certified by the American Board of Health Physics since 1994 and licensed in Radiological Health Engineering by the Texas Board of Professional Engineers since 1992. In 2011, Dr. Bolch was elected Fellow of both the Health Physics Society and the American Association of Physicists in Medicine. He has been a member of the Society of Nuclear Medicine’s Medical Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) Committee since 1993, a member of NCRP since 2005, and a member of Committee 2 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) since 2005. Within the latter, he serves as C2 Secretary and Leader of the ICRP Task Group on Computational Phantoms and Radiation Transport. He has published over 200 peer-reviewed journal articles, co-authored/edited 14 books/book chapters, and served as author on two NCRP reports, two ICRP publications, and two MIRD monographs.
Dr. Bolch has managed a broad research program including (1) National Institutes of Health (NIH) and U.S. Department of Energy funded projects to construct high-resolution models of the skeleton to support dose-response studies in radionuclide therapy and radiation epidemiology; (2) NIH funded projects to develop scalable NURBS-based and voxel-based computational phantoms of adult and pediatric patients and associated software for organ dose assessment in nuclear medicine, computed tomography, interventional fluoroscopy, and radiotherapy; (3) private company funded projects to develop stereotactic kilovoltage x-ray treatments for age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma; and (4) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded projects in stochastic modeling of worker inhalation and gamma-ray exposures following radiological accidents and potential terrorist events. He is the recipient of the 2014 Distinguish Scientific Achievement Award by the Health Physics Society acknowledging outstanding contributions to the science and technology of radiation safety.
Michael A. Boyd
is the Director of the Center for Science and Technology in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Radiation and Indoor Air/Radiation Protection Division. The Center is responsible for the development of radiation dose and risk assessment guidance and for providing technical support for radiation protection policy issues. Mr. Boyd is also the co-chair of the Federal Guidance Subcommittee of the Interagency Steering Committee on Radiation Standards. He is a member of the NCRP’s PAC 5 and was recently elected to the NCRP Board of Directors. He is a member of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Committee 4 and chairs ICRP Task Group 98 on Application of the Commission’s Recommendations to exposures resulting from contaminated sites from past industrial, military and nuclear activities. Since 2015, he has chaired the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency's Committee on Radiological Protection and Public Health. Mr. Boyd is an active member of the Health Physics Society and is a delegate to the International Radiation Protection Association where he is currently a member of its International Congress Program Committee for IRPA 15, which will be held in Seoul, Korea in May 2020. He has a BS in Biology and MS in Public Health from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
RICHARD R. BREY
Professor of Health Physics, Chair Department of Nuclear Engineering and Health Physics, Director of the Idaho State University (ISU) Health Physics Program. Dr. Richard Brey received his PhD from Purdue University in Health Physics in 1994. He was the recipient of the Elda E. Anderson Award in 2002. He has engaged in a wide variety of research varying from radiation physics and detection to agricultural applications of radiation and radiation producing machines, this list importantly includes internal dosimetry; in which he has engaged in various collaborative efforts including the evaluation of historical exposures, evaluation of animal experimental data, and redefining/evaluating radioactive material translocation models. Since 1995 Dr. Brey has been the director of an environmental radioanalytical laboratory which performs approximately 1,200 sample analyses per quarter. Over the years he has served as the Director of the ISU Technical Safety Office and University Radiation Safety Officer as well as in other administrative and technical positions
JAMES A. BRINK
is Radiologist-in-Chief at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), Chair of Radiology at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH), Chief of Enterprise Radiology at the Mass General Brigham (MGB) Health System, and the Juan M. Taveras Professor of Radiology at Harvard Medical School (HMS). He earned a BS degree in Electrical Engineering at Purdue University and an MD at Indiana University before completing his residency and fellowship at MGH in 1990. He joined the faculty at the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology at Washington University School of Medicine where he rose to the rank of Associate Professor prior to joining the faculty at Yale University in 1997. Dr. Brink served as Chair of the Yale Department of Diagnostic Radiology from 2006 to 2013 prior to returning to MGH as Radiologist-in-Chief. In 2021, his responsibilities expanded to include serving at Chair of Radiology at BWH and Chief of Enterprise Radiology at MGB.
Dr. Brink is Fellow of the Society for Computed Body Tomography/Magnetic Resonance, Fellow of the American College of Radiology, Past-President of the American Roentgen Ray Society, and Past-President of the American College of Radiology. For the International Society for Strategic Studies in Radiology, Dr. Brink serves as President. Dr. Brink is a recipient of the American Roentgen Ray Society’s Gold Medal and an honorary member of the European Society of Radiology, the Japanese Radiological Society, the Chinese Society of Radiology, the Chinese Radiologists Association, the Italian Society of Medical Radiology, the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, and the International Organization for Medical Physics. In 2019, Dr. Brink was awarded Outstanding Electrical and Computer Engineer from Purdue University, and in 2020, he was elected Distinguished Emeritus Member by NCRP. Dr. Brink has broad experience in medical imaging, including the utilization and management of imaging resources, with specific interest and expertise in issues related to the monitoring and control of medical radiation exposure.
BROOKE R. BUDDEMEIER
is an associate program leader in the Global Security Directorate of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). He supports the Risk and Consequence Management Division in their efforts to evaluate the potential risk and consequence of radiological and nuclear terrorism. Mr. Buddemeier is a member of NCRP and served on the scientific committees which developed Commentary No. 19 - Key Elements of Preparing Emergency Responders for Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism (2005) and NCRP Report No. 165 – Responding to a Radiological or Nuclear Terrorism Incident: A Guide for Decision Makers (2010).
From 2003 through 2007, he was on assignment with the Department of Homeland Security's as the weapons of mass destruction emergency response and consequence management program manager for Science and Technology's emergency preparedness and response portfolio. He supported Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Homeland Security Operations Center as a radiological emergency response subject matter expert. He also facilitated the department's research, development, test and evaluation process to improve emergency response through better capabilities, protocols and standards. Prior to that, he was part of the LLNL Nuclear Counterterrorism Program and coordinated LLNL's involvement in the National Nuclear Security Administration's Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) for California, Nevada and Hawaii.
RAP is a national emergency response resource that assists federal, state and local authorities in the event of a radiological incident. As part of RAP's outreach efforts, Mr. Buddemeier has provided radiological responder training and instrumentation workshops to police, firefighters, and members of other agencies throughout the nation and abroad. He has also provided operational health physics support for various radiochemistry, plutonium handling, accelerator and dosimetry operations. He is Certified Health Physicist who received his Master's in Radiological Health Physics from San Jose State University and a BS in Nuclear Engineering from the University of California, Santa Barbara.
JERROLD T. BUSHBERG
is a Clinical Professor of Radiology and Clinical Professor of Radiation Oncology at the University of California (UC) Davis School of Medicine. He holds the title of Director Emeritus Medical/Health Physics Programs and retired as Associate Chair of the Department of Radiology in 2018. He is currently Chair of the Board of Directors and Senior Vice President of NCRP. He is an expert on the biological effects, safety and interactions of ionizing and nonionizing radiation and holds multiple radiation detection technology patents. With over 40 y of experience, he has served as a subject matter expert and an advisor to government agencies and institutions throughout the nation and around the world, including the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health, the World Health Organization, and the International Atomic Energy Agency in the areas of ionizing and nonionizing radiation protection, risk communication, medical physics, and radiological emergency medical management.
In 2016, Dr. Bushberg was appointed Vice Chair of the Committee on Man and Radiation, which is a Technical Committee of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Engineering (IEEE) in Medicine and Biology Society. In addition, he is an elected member of the IEEE International Committee on Electromagnetic Safety and was recently appointed by the U.S. Health Physics Society as its representative to the International Radiation Protection Organization Committee on Non-ionizing Radiation Safety.
Former Commander in the U.S. Naval Reserve, among other assignments, CDR Bushberg served as Executive Officer of the Chemical/Biological/Nuclear Technical Unit 120 Pacific, a highly skilled multidisciplinary military emergency response and advisory team based out of the Alameda Naval Air Station in California.
Dr. Bushberg is an elected fellow of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine and the Health Physics Society. He is certified by several national professional boards with specific subspecialty certification in radiation protection and medical physics and served as a Director and Vice Chair of the American Board of Medical Physics from 2018 to 2022.
In 2014, Dr. Bushberg was awarded the NCRP Warren K. Sinclair Medal for Excellence in Radiation Science and received the Professor John C. Christiansen Distinguished Alumnus award from Purdue University School of Health Sciences in 2016.
Prior to coming to the UC Davis Health System as technical director of Nuclear Medicine, Dr. Bushberg was on the faculty of Yale University School of Medicine Department of Radiology, where his research focused on radiopharmaceutical development. Dr. Bushberg has had responsibility for postgraduate medical education in medical physics, radiation (ionizing and nonionizing) biology, and protection for more than 30 y. The fourth edition of the textbook, The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging, authored by Bushberg, Seibert, Leidholdt, and Boone, is used extensively in radiology residency programs throughout the United States.
C. Norman Coleman
received his BA in mathematics, summa cum laude, from the University of Vermont in 1966 and his MD from Yale University in 1970. He is board certified in three specialties — internal medicine from University of California, San Francisco; medical oncology from the National Cancer Institute; and radiation oncology from Stanford University. He served in the U.S. Public Health Service at the National Institutes of Health [O-4 (ret)]. He was Assistant and tenured Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology and Medical Oncology at Stanford and from 1985 to 1999 and Professor and Chairman of the Harvard Medical School Joint Center for Radiation Therapy. Since 1999, he has been Associate Director, Radiation Research Program and Senior Investigator, with a molecular radiation therapeutics laboratory in the Radiation Oncology Branch of National Cancer Institute. Since 2004 he has also been a Senior Medical Advisor in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. His focus is on radiological and nuclear preparedness and planning but the programs apply to all-hazards. This includes the Scarce Resources for a Nuclear Detonation project and participation at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo during the Japan disaster in March 2011. Among his honors are Fellowships in American College of Physicians, American College of Radiology, American Society of Radiation Oncology, and American Society of Clinical Oncology. He is recipient of an Honorary Fellowship, Royal College of Surgeons, Dublin; Honorary Fellow, Royal College of Radiologists (London); the Gold Medal from the American Society for Radiation Oncology; and the 2011 Samuel J. Heyman, Service to America Homeland Security Medal. In 2015 the University of Vermont awarded him a Doctor of Science (honoris causa) for his public service and contributions to society.
DONALD A. COOL
is currently the Vice Chair of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, and previously served ICRP in the Main Commission and on Committee 4, Practical Application of the Commission’s Recommendations. Dr. Cool is a Council Member of NCRP, is a member of PAC 7, and was Co-Chair of NCRP Council Committee 1. He is a Fellow of the Health Physics Society. Dr. Cool has served radiological protection for more than 40 y. He received his Doctorate degree in Radiation Biology from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. At the end of 2021, he retired after more than 7 y as the Technical Executive for Radiation Safety at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), where he advised on EPRI’s Low Dose Radiation research and various aspects of the EPRI the Radiation Safety Program. Before joining EPRI, Dr. Cool served with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for more than 32 y in a number of positions, including as Senior Advisor for Radiation Safety and International Liaison and several roles as a Senior Executive. At NRC, he was responsible for coordinating the wide range of national and international activities related to radiation protection, safety, and security of byproduct materials; decommissioning and waste management; radiation protection policy; and international radiation protection recommendations and standards.
MICHAEL L. CORRADINI
is Wisconsin Distinguished Professor of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He served from 1995 to 2001 as Associate Dean for the College of Engineering and as Chair of Engineering Physics from 2001 to 2011. He has published widely in areas related to vapor explosion phenomena, jet spray dynamics, and transport phenomena in multiphase systems. In 1998, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering. He also served as a presidential appointee in 2002 and 2003 as the chairman of the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board (a separate government agency).
From 2004 to 2008, he served as a board member of the National Accreditation Board for Nuclear Training of the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations. In 2006, he was appointed to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards and was elected to NCRP. Most recently, he was appointed Chair of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the French Atomic Energy Agency. He began and now serves as the Director of the Wisconsin Energy Institute. He was elected as the President of the American Nuclear Society for 2012 to 2013.
FRANCIS A. CUCINOTTA
is a Professor of Health Physics at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Dr. Cucinotta received his PhD in nuclear physics from Old Dominion University. He worked at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center from 1997 to 2013 as the Radiological Health Officer, Space Radiation Project Manager and Chief Scientist. Dr. Cucinotta developed the astronaut exposure data base of organ doses and cancer risk estimates for all human missions from Mercury to the International Space Station (ISS), and developed risk models for acute, cancer and circulatory diseases. He was NASA's manager for the construction of the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL), and NSRL Operations from 2003 to 2012. Dr. Cucinotta worked on radiation safety in NASA's mission control for the Space Shuttle and ISS programs in 1989 and 1990, including during the October of 1989 solar event, and from 2000 to 2006.
Dr. Cucinotta has published over 300 journal articles, numerous book chapters, and over 100 NASA technical reports on nuclear and space physics, radiation shielding, DNA damage and repair, biodosimetry, systems biology, and risk assessment models. He has won numerous NASA awards for his efforts in research, mission safety, and research management. Dr. Cucinotta is currently the President of the Radiation Research Society, and a Council Member of NCRP.
LAWRENCE T. DAUER
is an Attending Physicist in the Departments of Medical Physics and Radiology at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and serves at their Corporate Radiation Safety Officer. He serves as a member of the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board of the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. He is a former Board member and current Council member of NCRP and is the Scientific Director of the Million Person Study. He has served as Chair or Co-Chair on several NCRP scientific committees associated with radiation protection of workers, patients, and members of the public. He served 7 y on the International Commission on Radiological Protection Committee 3, Radiation Protection in Medicine.
is Professor in the Department of Epidemiology in the School of Public Health, at the University of Washington and a Full Member in the Program in Epidemiology of the Division of Public Health Sciences at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. He obtained his undergraduate degree in Biology and Chemistry from the University of New Mexico, a Master of Science in Community Health from the University of Rochester, and a PhD in Epidemiology from the University of Washington. He served as a Research Associate in Epidemiology at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima, Japan, from 1983 to 1985. Dr. Davis was a Special Fellow of the Leukemia Society of American from 1986 to 1987, and the recipient of a Research Career Development Award from the National Cancer Institute from 1988 to 1993. He is an elected member of the American Epidemiological Society, and a Fellow of the American College of Epidemiology. He served as a member of the BEIR VII Committee of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Davis is the only foreign epidemiologist elected a member (Academician) of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences.
Sara D. DeCair
has been with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Radiation and Indoor Air since 2003. She has focused on radiological emergency preparedness and spent over a decade negotiating the finalization of the 2017 EPA Protective Action Guides (PAG) Manual. Assisting with adoption of the updated PAG Manual has continued to be a collaborative effort with the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC), Advisory Team for Environment, Food and Health and the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Currently, Ms. DeCair is Associate Center Director for the EPA's radiological protection program's Center for Science and Technology, a small group of radiation experts who provide federal guidance reports and lead an in-house health physics continuing education program for the Agency.
She previously worked for 7 y with the State of Michigan's Department of Environmental Quality. Three of those years were spent in nuclear power plant emergency response and planning where she went from participating in to becoming a trainer for everything from state field team leader, dose assessor, decontamination team leader, various Emergency Operations Center positions, and eventually scenario development and exercise design.
The 3 y prior, Ms. DeCair worked as a State of Michigan inspector of radioactive materials registrants and radiation incident responder. Incident responses ranged from scrap yard portal monitor alarms to oil and gas pipe yard naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) discoveries to medical waste from Ohio or Canada. Source identification, isolation, storage, and even disposal were among the responsibilities of the incident responder. She also led the instrument calibration efforts for materials program instruments, completed several oil and gas NORM site cleanups, and facilitated the proper disposal of numerous orphan radioactive sources in the state.
Ms. DeCair is a longtime national Health Physics Society (HPS) member and has served 4 y on the Board of the Baltimore-Washington Chapter of HPS.
CHRISTINE A. DONAHUE
Christine A. Donahue was elected to NCRP in 2009 and has served on the Scientific Committees 1-18 and 1-19. She is certified in comprehensive practice by the American Board of Health Physics (ABHP), and has served on the ABHP exam development panel and as Chairperson of the Professional Development Committee. Ms. Donahue received a BS in Biophysics from University of California, Berkeley in 1981, Nuclear Engineering MS program at University of Virginia, Charlottesville in 1982, and MS in Radiological Engineering from California State University, San Jose in 1987.
Ms. Donahue is currently a senior health physics consultant supporting decommissioning and remediation of commercial nuclear power, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) research facilities and former Naval sites. Previously she was Director of Radiological Safety Programs at CB&I managing radiological controls and program development. Ms. Donahue served as the Operational Health Physics manager and Radiological Control Manager at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory from 1994 to 2008 responsible for site-wide radiological protection activities. She has served as a DOE lead auditor and NQA1 auditor for nuclear facility readiness reviews and provided technical support to programs at Argonne National Laboratory and Nevada National Security site. Prior to work at the DOE laboratories, she was senior health physicist at Stanford University and served as the Radiation Safety Officer at the Palo Alto Veterans Administration Hospital from 1987 to 1991. Ms. Donahue began her career in 1982 as a nuclear engineer at Bechtel Engineering and Pacific Gas & Electric where she provided health physics support during first outage at Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant.
JOSEPH R. DYNLACHT
is an Associate Professor in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the Indiana University School of Medicine and a member of the Experimental Therapeutics Division of the Indiana University Simon Cancer Center. He received a BS degree in Biology from Florida State University and a PhD in Cellular and Molecular Radiobiology from Colorado State University before completing a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of California, San Francisco. Dr. Dynlacht teaches annual courses entitled "Radiation and Cancer Biology" to graduate students, and to radiation oncology residents and radiation therapy students, and is the Practice-Based Learning and Improvement Competency Director for the Medical School.
Dr. Dynlacht's research interests include the development of agents that reduce normal tissue damage after irradiation (specifically damage to the heart and lens), development of radiation countermeasures, mechanisms of heat- and radiation-induced cell killing, and development of thermally-activated chemotherapeutic compounds. He has served on advisory panels for several organizations, including Brookhaven National Laboratory, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and is an Associate Editor for the journal Radiation Research. His research has been supported by NIH, NASA, and the U.S. Department of Defense.
is a Senior Health Physicist on the Medical Radiation Safety Team at the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). She joined NRC in 2004 and has 28 y of experience as a health physicist for medical uses of radiation as well as in military and research organizations. Prior to NRC, she served as the Radiation Safety Officer for the Defense Threat Reduction Agency and as the Radiation Safety Officer at the Food and Drug Administration (Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition).
Ms. Flannery graduated from Georgetown University with an MS degree in Health Physics and from the University of Wisconsin with a BS degree in Nuclear Medicine Technology. She was certified in the comprehensive practice of health physics by the American Board of Health Physics in 2001. She previously served on and chaired the American Board of Health Physics as well as the Part I Examination Panel. Beginning in 2023, she will serve as Director on the American Academy of Health Physics Executive Committee.
PATRICIA A. FLEMING
is Professor Emerita in Philosophy at Saint Mary’s College, Notre Dame having retired as its Provost. She resides in Logandale, Nevada, one of the areas which experienced fallout from the above ground nuclear testing in the 1950s. She received her master’s and doctorate from Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. While there, she served as the assistant editor of the Philosophy of Science Journal. She has also served as a consultant to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency in Paris, France. Dr. Fleming has published and lectured internationally on the ethical and epistemological issues associated with the disposal of high-level nuclear waste, including the use of expert elicitation methodology in site characterization, waste management and indigenous populations, informed consent in stakeholder populations, and circularity in regulatory policy. Dr. Fleming’s familiarity with ethical concerns regarding the health effects from radiation exposure led to her appointment on the National Academy of Science Committee to Assess the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program. She served on the Veterans Board on Dose Reconstruction from 2005 to 2013. Her current project is a manuscript on ethics and the wide gamut of nuclear matters.
Donald P. Frush
is the John Strohbehn Professor of Radiology, and an Associate Faculty Member, Medical Physics Graduate Program at Duke University Medical Center. Dr. Frush earned his undergraduate degree from the University of California Davis, MD from Duke University School of Medicine, was a pediatric resident at University of California San Francisco, completed a radiology residency at Duke Medical Center, and a fellowship in pediatric radiology at Children’s Hospital in Cincinnati. Professional roles included more than 25 y on the Duke Medical Center faculty, with a subsequent nearly 2 y appointment as a Professor of Radiology at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford. He returned to Duke in 2020. Dr. Frush’s research interests are predominantly involved with pediatric body computed tomography (CT), including technology assessment, techniques for pediatric CT examinations, assessment of image quality, radiation dosimetry, and radiation protection and risk communication in medical imaging. Other areas of investigation include CT applications in children and patient safety in radiology.
RONALD E. GOANS
has worked in the field of nuclear physics and radiation effects since 1966. He received his PhD in radiation physics from the University of Tennessee in 1974, his MD from the George Washington University School of Medicine in 1983, and the MPH from the Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine in 2000. He is currently Senior Medical Advisor with MJW Corporation and Senior Medical/Scientific Advisor with the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS).
Following medical school and residency, Dr. Goans had a research fellowship in the Laboratory of Theoretical and Physical Biology at the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development). In this capacity he performed mathematical modeling of calcium dynamics in different pathological states. Dr. Goans is Board Certified in Occupational Medicine through the American Board of Preventive Medicine. He practices general occupational and environmental medicine, particularly oriented toward the medical management of radiation injury. Through REAC/TS, he provides medical consultation on the diagnosis and treatment of actual and suspected radiation exposures, as well as long-term medical follow-up for selected radiation exposure victims. Dr. Goans' recent research has involved development of mathematical techniques for the early estimation of radiation dose, infrared analysis of local radiation injury, and the use of high frequency ultrasound for the analysis of radiation burns.
ERIC M. GOLDIN
is a radiation safety specialist with over 40 y of experience in power reactor health physics. He earned a BS in Nuclear Engineering from The University of Arizona and an MS in Nuclear Engineering/Health Physics from Texas A&M University. He completed a PhD in Biomedical Sciences at the University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Houston. Dr. Goldin has been a member of NCRP Program Area Committee 2 since 2004, participating in report writing for Scientific Committees 46-17, 2-4, 2-5, and 2-7. He is an active member of the Health Physics Society, served on the Board of Directors, several committees and sections, and held officer positions of Secretary and President, and on the American Board of Health Physics (ABHP).
Dr. Goldin has been certified by the ABHP since 1984 and was awarded HPS Fellow status in 2012. Dr. Goldin's radiological engineering experience includes ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) programs, instrumentation, radioactive waste management, emergency planning, dosimetry, decommissioning, licensing, effluents, and environmental monitoring. In addition, he taught graduate/upper division level courses in radiation biology, radiological assessment, and power reactor health physics at San Diego State University for over 20 y and assisted in the development and implementation of a Radiation Protection Technician training program at MiraCosta College. Dr. Goldin retired from Southern California Edison in 2012 and currently provides technical support and decommissioning planning to the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station.
HELEN A. GROGAN
is President of Cascade Scientific, Inc., an environmental consulting firm. Dr. Grogan received her PhD from Imperial College of Science and Technology at the University of London in 1984 and has more than 25 y of experience in radioecology, environmental dose reconstruction, and the assessment of radioactive and nonradioactive hazardous wastes. She first worked at the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland on the performance assessment of radioactive waste disposal for the Swiss National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (Nagra). Dr. Grogan was actively involved in the early international cooperative efforts to test models designed to quantify the transfer and accumulation of radionuclides and other trace substances in the environment.
Validation of computer models developed to predict the fate and transport of radionuclides in the environment remains a key interest of hers. In 1989 Dr. Grogan returned to the United Kingdom as a senior consultant to Intera Information Technologies before moving to the United States a few years later, where she has worked closely with Risk Assessment Corporation managing the technical aspects of a wide variety of projects that tend to focus on public health risk from environmental exposure to chemicals and radionuclides. Dr. Grogan has served on committees for the National Academy of Sciences, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the U.S. Environment Protection Agency, and NCRP. She co-edited the text book Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis published by Oxford University Press in July 2008, and authored the chapter on Model Validation.
Willie O. Harris
has over 42 y of experience in radiation protection at power reactors, which has included over 25 y in program management and oversight. Prior to retirement he was the corporate radiation protection manager of the largest fleet of nuclear power plants in the United States. He is currently Senior Director of Radiation Protection for CN Associates. In this role, he has written several technical reports for the Electric Power Research Institute, provides consulting services for several sites in decommissioning and operational radiation protection programs at nuclear power plants.
He holds a bachelor’s degree in radiation protection. He is a certified health physicist, a registered radiation protection technologist, and held a senior reactor operator certification.
Mr. Harris has served on the Council since 2017 and is a member Program Area Committee 2 and the budget committee. He has been a member of the Health Physics Society since 1990. He is currently the Secretary for the AAHP Executive committee.
KATHRYN D. HELD
became President of the NCRP in January 2019. She held the position of Executive Director and Chief Science Officer from 2016 to 2018. She was first elected to the Council in 2006 and served on the NCRP Board of Directors from 2008 to 2014. She was Vice President from 2011 to 2016 of Program Area Committee 1 on Basic Criteria, Epidemiology, Radiobiology, and Risk. She also served as Chair of the Program Committee for the 2011 Annual Meeting on “Scientific and Policy Challenges of Particle Radiations in Medical Therapy and Space Missions.” Dr. Held was a member of Scientific Committee (SC) 1-22 on Radiation Protection for Astronauts in Short-Term Missions and Phase I of SC 1-24 on Radiation Exposures in Space and the Potential of Central Nervous System Effects and an advisor to several NCRP committees.
Dr. Held is an Associate Radiation Biologist in the Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology (Radiation Biology) at Harvard Medical School (HMS). At MGH, Dr. Held leads a team that is involved in research on molecular mechanisms for the induction of bystander effects by high energy particles in cells and tissues, characterization of charged particle beam induced DNA damage responses and cell killing, development of a cancer screening platform for personalized radiation medicine, and mechanisms for regulation of DNA damage response by cell-cell communication. Dr. Held also teaches radiation biology to radiation oncology medical and physics residents and graduate students at MGH/HMS and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Dr. Held earned her PhD in biology from the University of Texas, Austin. She has served on review panels for numerous federal agencies including the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the U.S. Army Medical Research and Material Command programs and other organizations such as the Radiological Society of North America. She is on the Editorial Boards of Radiation Research and the International Journal of Radiation Biology, and has served on committees for the National Academy of Science/National Research Council, NASA, and the American Society of Radiation Oncology. She is a past President of the Radiation Research Society.
Kathryn A. Higley
Kathryn A. Higley is a Professor and Head of the School of Nuclear Science and Engineering in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University. Dr. Higley received both her PhD and MS in Radiological Health Sciences from Colorado State University, and her BA in Chemistry from Reed College. She has held both Reactor Operator and Senior Reactor Operator's licenses, and is a former Reactor Supervisor for the Reed College TRIGA reactor. Dr. Higley started her career as a Radioecologist for Portland General Electric. She later worked for Pacific Northwest National Laboratory as a Senior Research Scientist in the area of environmental health physics. Dr. Higley has been at Oregon State University since 1994 teaching undergraduate and graduate classes on radioecology, dosimetry, radiation protection, radiochemistry, and radiation biology.
Her fields of interest include environmental transport and fate of radionuclides, radioecology, radiochemistry, radiation dose assessment, neutron activation analysis, nuclear emergency response, and environmental regulations. She is vice-chair of the International Commission on Radiological Protection's Committee 4 (Application of the Commission’s Recommendations); a fellow of the Health Physics Society and a Certified Health Physicist.
ROGER W. HOWELL
is a Professor of Radiology at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School where he serves as Chief of the Division of Radiation Research. Dr. Howell's laboratory conducts research on dosimetry and radiobiology of internal radionuclides, with emphasis on the microscopic dose distributions encountered in nuclear medicine. He also studies the capacity of vitamins and other natural agents to protect reproductive organs, bone marrow, and the gastrointestinal tract against damage caused by ionizing radiation.
These efforts have led to over 100 publications in peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Howell teaches physics to radiology residents and provides educational lectures for emergency responders in New Jersey. He has served on review panels for federal agencies including the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Department of Energy, and other organizations. Dr. Howell is a member of the Medical Internal Radiation Dose Committee of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, He has served on several report committees of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) and was elected to the ICRU Main Commission in May 2014. Dr. Howell earned his BS and PhD in Physics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Randall N. Hyer
has over three decades’ experience in high-concern, low-trust public communications. He advises the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, lectures at Harvard University, and advises/educates both individuals and organizations on how to implement best practices in risk and crisis communication.
His diverse experience covers disease outbreaks, nuclear emergencies, natural disasters, outbreak investigations, product safety concerns, reorganizations and downsizing, budget cuts, rogue employee mitigations, health hazard evaluations, and strategic communications. As the Senior Vice President for Global Medical at Moderna, Dr. Hyer helped develop, communicate, and manage the global rollout of the Moderna COVID-19 mRNA vaccine. In 2017, he was pivotal in engaging the scientific, medical and policy communities to achieve Food and Drug Administration approval of a new adult hepatitis B vaccine (HEPLISAV-B®), the first vaccine using a truly novel adjuvant.
Board-certified in general preventive medicine and public health, Dr. Hyer earned his MD from Duke and trained at Walter Reed Hospital and Harvard. He received the PhD from the University of Oxford researching the genetics of juvenile diabetes. His studies won the National Institutes of Health "Outstanding Research Award for Clinical Trainees" and are widely cited.
At Oxford University, Dr. Hyer founded the biotechnology company, Alpha-Plus DNA. He also served as a U.S. Congressional Fellow for Senator Pete V. Domenici (R. -NM). Dr. Hyer helped introduce legislation to safeguard genetic privacy that eventually became the Genetic Information Non-discrimination Act (GINA) of 2008.
Dr. Hyer graduated with Distinction from the U.S. Naval Academy. Rising to the rank of Commander, his naval service included four major military combat operations in Europe and southwest Asia as well as three major complex humanitarian emergencies with Kosovo relief, Mozambique flood relief, and the Indian Ocean tsunami. Dr. Hyer also served as the Winter-Over Medical Officer at the McMurdo and South Pole Stations, Antarctica as the sole physician.
At the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, Dr. Hyer served as a Medical Officer and Military Liaison. Among other duties, he helped facilitated the WHO response to various crisis such as anthrax, Ebola, the 2003 SARS outbreak, tsunamis, earthquakes, and pandemic influenza.
Dr. Hyer’s perspectives and contributions span his residing in eight and travelling to 100 plus countries in diverse roles across the public and private sectors.
WILLIAM E. IRWIN
leads the Radiological and Toxicological Sciences Program at the Vermont Department of Health and is responsible for radiation protection in medicine and other applications, nuclear facility environmental surveillance, preventive radiological/nuclear detection and emergency preparedness. He is a member of NCRP Council Committee 1 which produced Report No. 180, Management of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation: Radiation Protection Guidance for the United States (2018); Program Area Committee 3, Scientific Committee (SC) 3-1 which wrote Report No. 179, Guidance for Emergency Response Dosimetry; and SC 3-1P2 which wrote Commentary No. 27, Implications of Recent Epidemiologic Studies for the Linear-Nonthreshold Model and Radiation Protection, for implementation of Report No. 179. He was on the 2017 NCRP Annual Meeting Program Committee and presented on the gaps filled in emergency response by the Radiological Operations Support Specialist (ROSS). He helped lead the NCRP Special Session on Radioactive Waste Management at the 2018 Health Physics Society (HPS) Mid-Year Meeting and serves on the 2019 NCRP Annual Meeting Program Committee. Dr. Irwin represents the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors (CRCPD) on the ROSS Steering Committee leading efforts to train and certify hundreds of ROSS to bolster national radiological and nuclear preparedness. He is a ROSS instructor for Counter Terrorism Operations Support and reinforces his responder capabilities as a Chief Officer of the Vermont Hazardous Materials Response Team, and as a Chief Officer and Emergency Medical Technician for the Bakersfield Volunteer Fire Department. He is a Certified Health Physicist, long-time member of HPS and was previously on the American Board of Health Physics Part II Panel of Examiners. He serves the CRCPD in numerous committees, was on its Board of Directors and served as the Board Chair. Prior to government service, Dr. Irwin worked as Laser Safety Officer and Radiation Safety Officer at Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a consultant on radiofrequency radiation (RFR), laser radiation, extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields, nuclear magnetic resonance fields, and ionizing radiations. He volunteers for Interpol in its international efforts to prevent and detect the smuggling of radiological and nuclear materials. Both his Doctor of Science and Master of Science were earned at the University of Massachusetts Lowell with his dissertation on the health effects of wireless telecommunications RFR exposure. Dr. Irwin started in nuclear power, first as a radiation protection technician on U.S. Navy submarines, guided missile cruisers, and aircraft carriers at Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company and then as an instructor and supervisor in radiation protection, chemistry, and nuclear power plant systems and operations training at commercial facilities.
Report No. 164 – Uncertainties in Internal Radiation Dose Assessment (2009)
CYNTHIA G. JONES
is currently the Senior Technical Advisor for Nuclear Security, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Washington, DC, serving as NRC’s senior technical expert and Commission-wide resource for major program or operational initiatives associated with nuclear security, safeguards, and related radiation protection policies. From 2019 to 2021, Dr. Jones served as the Senior Level Advisor to NRC Commissioner Caputo providing technical advice on nuclear and materials policy, programs, and operational issues associated with nuclear safety, radiation protection, security, safeguards, advanced reactor design, and international policy. Previously, she worked at the U.S. Mission to International Organizations in Vienna, Austria as the U.S. Mission’s expert and Nuclear Safety Attaché on nuclear safety issues and programs providing programmatic and policy oversight for United Nation and the International Atomic Energy Agency’s safety programs on behalf of the United States. In 2015, she was presented with a U.S. State Department Superior Honor Award for her efforts in facilitating a successful U.S. strategy at the 2015 Diplomatic Conference for the Convention on Nuclear Safety. With experience as a physicist, health physicist, and nuclear engineer, Dr. Jones has extensive international experience in both radiation safety and nuclear security, and has more than 95 publications, reports or speeches in the fields of nuclear science and radiation protection.
Before joining NRC, Dr. Jones worked as a physicist at the National Bureau of Standards, and held positions as both a reactor and medical physicist at the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education. Dr. Jones has a PhD and an MS in Nuclear Engineering from the University of Maryland, an MS degree in Health Physics from the Georgia Institute of Technology, and a Bachelor’s degree in Physics from Augsburg University, Minneapolis, Minnesota. She includes German as her foreign language.
TIMOTHY J. JORGENSEN
is an Associate Professor of Radiation Medicine at Georgetown University in Washington, DC. He is a radiation biologist, cancer epidemiologist, and public health professional. He has training in radiation health sciences and radiation biology (PhD, Johns Hopkins); cancer molecular biology (postdoctoral fellowship; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School); risk assessment (graduate certificate; Center for Risk Science and Public Policy, Johns Hopkins); and epidemiology (MPH, Johns Hopkins). He is Certified in Public Health by the National Board of Public Health Examiners. Dr. Jorgensen is Chairman of the Radiation Safety Committee at Georgetown University.
He teaches graduate courses in radiation biology, radiation protection, and cancer risk assessment, and is Director of the Health Physics and Radiation Protection Graduate Program at the Georgetown University School of Medicine. He also trains radiation oncology residents at Georgetown University Hospital. In addition to his regular appointment at Georgetown, he also holds an adjunct faculty appointment in the Department of Epidemiology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins. Dr. Jorgensen's research interests include the genetic factors that determine cellular radiation resistance, and genes that may modify the risk of radiation-induced cancer. He served on NCRP Scientific Committee 6-5, which issued Commentary No. 20 — a report that dealt with the radiation protection issues associated with cargo scanning with high energy x rays.
WILLIAM E. KENNEDY, JR.
has extensive experience as a project manager, task leader, and individual contributor covering a broad range of health physics and nuclear engineering topics. He received his BS and MS degrees in Nuclear Engineering from Kansas State University. Mr. Kennedy has been involved in the development of environmental pathway and radiation dosimetry models used to assess potential health and environmental impacts that resulted from releases of radionuclides to the environment.
He specializes in the use of these models in environmental dose reconstruction, radioactive materials transport, radioactive waste disposal, and evaluation of nuclear facility operating practices. Over the past 37 y, Mr. Kennedy has led and contributed to a variety of projects for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Electric Power Research Institute, and private industry. He has been involved with development of the technical basis for revised standards and regulations, and serves as the chair of ANSI/HPS N13.12, Surface and volume Radioactivity Standards for Clearance. He served as a consultant to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria, and was a member of the IAEA Advisory Groups to evaluate the Derivation of Exempt Quantities for Application to Terrestrial Waste Disposal and Derivation of Exempt Quantities for Recycle of Materials from Nuclear Facilities.
He was an invited lecturer for IAEA training courses on Management of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Power Plants at Argonne National Laboratory; on Safety Assessment Modeling for Low and Intermediate Radwastes in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and in Cairo, Egypt; and on Environmental Monitoring in Kiev, Ukraine. In 1990, he received the Health Physics Society's (HPS) prestigious Elda E. Anderson Award. He served as a member of the HPS Board of Directors from 1998 through 2001 and was selected as a fellow of the society in 2002. He was a member of the U.S. delegation to the 10th Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association in Hiroshima, Japan.
KATHERINE A. KIEL
is a Professor of Economics at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts. Her research is on real estate price indices, racial discrimination in housing markets, and the demand for environmental quality in the United States. Her work has been published in journals such as Land Economics and the Journal of Urban Economics. She is currently a board member for the New England Economic Partnership and is on the Board of Economic Advisors for Associated Industries of Massachusetts. In the past she served on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Advisory Council on Clean Air Compliance. She received her PhD in Economics from the University of California at San Diego and her AB from Occidental College.
Gladys A. Klemic
is a physicist with the National Urban Security Technology Laboratory (NUSTL), a federal resource of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security which supports the development of technologies for emergency response agencies. She designs and conducts laboratory tests of radiation detectors, and operational field evaluations of prototype and commercially available equipment for firefighter and law enforcement agencies. She is active in national standards development and has been with NUSTL and its predecessor, the Environmental Measurements Laboratory since 1990. Her earlier work specialized in environmental thermoluminescence dosimetry, including conducting dosimeter research, measurements and analysis, and leading international intercomparisons. She has authored or co-authored 40 scientific and technical publications and is a member of the Health Physics Society and the National Fire Protection Association. She has a BS degree in Physics from Wayne State University and an MS degree in Physics from New York University.
Linda A. Kroger
is Assistant Clinical Professor of Radiology at the University of California (UC) Davis School of Medicine and previously served as the Radiation Safety Officer for the UC Davis Health System. Ms. Kroger received her undergraduate degree and her Master’s Degree from Rutgers University. Prior to UC Davis, Ms. Kroger worked for private industry in biopharmacology research and drug development. She transitioned to cancer research when she joined UC Davis in 1988. From 1988 through 2000, her research focused on the development of new radiopharmaceuticals for both diagnostic imaging and treatment of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and breast cancer. As Radiation Safety Officer, she focused on regulatory compliance, quality assurance issues as well as education of medical students, residents and fellows with the overall goal of improving workplace radiation safety. Ms. Kroger oversees the nonclinical aspects of nuclear medicine training for the radiology residency program at UC Davis. Ms. Kroger has authored or co-author more than 50 peer-reviewed journal articles and has presented at numerous scientific conferences. She has served in a number of roles in both the local chapter as well as the national Health Physics Society and been an active participant on NCRP committees since 2005.
is a staff biophysicist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Her research focuses on fundamental processes that may result in genomic change following exposure to sparsely or densely ionizing radiation. Her group has also addressed links between molecular mechanisms of DNA damage repair and programmed cell death. Dr. Kronenberg has taught radiation biophysics to students at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Radiation Summer School. She received her ScD in Cancer Biology from the Harvard School of Public Health. She has served on review panels for a host of federal agencies and international scientific review panels. She is a senior editor for Radiation Research and serves on the External Advisory Board of the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts program. Dr. Kronenberg's activities with NCRP have included prior service on the Board of Directors, as a member or chair of the Nominating Committee, and as a member of several scientific committees. She is currently a member of NCRP Program Area Committee 1.
JOHN J. LANZA
is currently a full-time practicing, board-certified pediatrician for Community Health Northwest Florida which is the Federally Qualified Health Center in Escambia and Santa Rosa counties in Florida.
Dr. Lanza received his BS in Bio-Medical Electrical Engineering from the University of Florida in 1975. He then received an MS in Health Physics (1976) and a PhD (1979) in Radiological and Nuclear Engineering/Medical Radiation Physics, also from the University of Florida. Dr. Lanza worked as a radiation physicist/nuclear engineer for the U.S. Navy’s Nuclear Weapons Radiological Controls Program in the Washington D.C. area for 3 y. Subsequently, Dr. Lanza attended and graduated from the UTESA School of Medicine and then completed a 3 y pediatric residency at Sacred Heart Children’s Hospital, Pensacola, Florida in 1988.
Most recently, Dr. Lanza retired as the Director and Health Officer of the Florida Department of Health (FDOH) in Escambia County where he served in that role from May 1996 until August 2020. Previously, he served the health department as the Deputy Director, Clinical Director, and Senior Physician for 3 y. Beginning in 2001, he was the Public Health and Medical co-chair for the Florida Department of Law Enforcement’s Domestic Security Task Force Northwest Florida. In that position and in others, he has had a major leadership role in developing Public Health Preparedness policies and programs locally, for the State of Florida, regionally, as well as nationally. Before his FDOH positions, Dr. Lanza worked as a pediatric emergency department physician in Lakeland, Florida and was in private pediatric practice in Longwood, Florida.
Dr. Lanza is a board-certified pediatrician, a fellow of the America Academy of Pediatrics, a past president of the Escambia County Medical Society (2004), a longtime member of the Florida Medical Association (FMA), where he was the chair of the FMA’s Council on Public Health for 8 y. He was a founding board member of the Florida Institute for Health Innovation. In addition, he is a former board member and a Fellow of the national Health Physics Society (HPS) where he founded the HPS Homeland Security Section. He was also the 2017 to 2019 Secretary of the Florida Chapter of the Health Physics Society.
Dr. Lanza is a Distinguished Emeritus Member and a former Board Member, Council Member, PAC 3 member, and a member of the Budget & Finance Committee of NCRP. Previously, Dr. Lanza was a Governor-appointed, Florida Commissioner on the Southeast Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact Commission for 14 y. In 2002, Dr. Lanza completed a MPH degree from the University of South Florida College of Public Health. Currently, he is on the faculty of the MPH program at the University of West Florida’s (UWF) Department of Public Health in the College of Health as well as holding faculty positions at UWF’s Department of Movement Sciences and Health and the Center for Environmental Diagnostics and Bio-remediation. He is also a clinical assistant professor in the Department of Clinical Sciences at the Florida State University College of Medicine (FSUCOM). Dr. Lanza previously served on the Residency Advisory Committee for the US Navy Aerospace Residency Program at Naval Air Station Pensacola for 22 y.
Dr. Lanza has numerous publications in the fields of health physics, environmental health, and public health preparedness. Most recently, he served on the scientific committee that authored NCRP Report No. 165, Responding to a Radiological or Nuclear Terrorism Incident: A Guide for Decision Makers. As a practicing public health pediatrician, he is interested in promoting a culture emphasizing healthy lifestyles so that our children and adolescents will develop into productive and physically and behaviorally fit adults. He previously authored an article in a special edition of the Florida Medical Association Journal “Healthiest Weight: A Life Course Approach” on overweight and obesity in adolescents and another article on "Radiological Incidents and the Florida Physician."
EDWIN M. LEIDHOLDT, JR.
is currently the Director of the National Health Physics Program, Veterans Health Administration (VHA), U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). His areas of interest include technical quality assurance and radiation dose management in medical imaging. He is a diplomate of the American Board of Radiology in Medical Nuclear Physics and Diagnostic Radiological Physics and is a Fellow of the American College of Radiology. He received a PhD in Nuclear Engineering, a Master of Applied Mathematics, a Master of Engineering in Nuclear Engineering, and a BS in Nuclear Engineering, all from the University of Virginia. He has served as a Radiation Safety Officer at two VA medical centers, as technical director of nuclear medicine at one, as the Radiation Safety Program Manager for the former VHA Western Region, and as Program Manager for the VHA National Health Physics Program. He is a Clinical Associate Professor of Radiology at the University of California, Davis. He is a co-author of several scientific papers and abstracts, one textbook chapter, and one textbook, in its third edition. He has been a Council member since 2006. He served on the scientific committee that wrote NCRP Report No. 165, Responding to a Radiological or Nuclear Terrorism Incident: A Guide for Decision Makers, and on the committee that prepared NCRP Statement No. 11. Dr. Leidholdt served as a surface line officer in the U.S. Navy from 1971 until 1975.
JILL A. LIPOTI
retired (again) in 2018 as an Assistant Teaching Professor at the Department of Human Ecology at Rutgers University. She conceived and taught “Introduction to Sustainability” and the “Practicum in Sustainability” from 2014 to 2018 as part of the Minor in Sustainability. Moving to Whidbey Island in Puget Sound, Jill is currently serving on the Island County Marine Resources Committee as Vice Chair, and as Commissioner for the Scatchet Head Water District.
Mark P. Little
joined the National Cancer Institute, Radiation Epidemiology Branch (REB) in 2010 as a Senior Investigator. He studied mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge and obtained his doctorate in mathematics at New College, Oxford. Over the last three decades he has been analyzing cancer and cardiovascular disease risks in the Japanese atomic-bomb survivors, and in other irradiated populations and offspring. Previously (2000 to 2010), he worked in Imperial College London, and before that (1992 to 2000) at the U.K. National Radiological Protection Board (now part of Public Health England). He is a member NCRP and Program Area Committee 1, and has served as consultant to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, to the International Atomic Energy Agency, to the International Committee on Radiological Protection (ICRP) (in particular as member of ICRP Task Groups 91 and 119), to the U.K. Committee on the Medical Aspects of Radiation in the Environment, and to various NCRP committees (those responsible for writing Commentary No. 24 and Report No. 186, also SC 1-28). In REB, Dr. Little is working on assessment of leukemia risk in persons exposed at low doses and dose rates, cancer risk in various cohorts of persons exposed as result of the Chernobyl accident, on risks of various health endpoints in the U.S. cohort of radiologic technologists, and on treatment-related second cancer risks in various populations. He has particular interests in machine learning methods and dose measurement error models, with application to assessment of low-dose and low-dose-rate risk of childhood leukemia, circulatory disease, and cataract.
PAUL A. LOCKE
a public health scientist and attorney, is an Associate Professor at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Division of Molecular and Translational Toxicology. He holds an MPH from Yale University School of Medicine, a DrPH from the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, and a JD degree from Vanderbilt University School of Law.
Dr. Locke's research and practice focus on how decision makers use environmental health science (toxicology, radiobiology, epidemiology) in regulation and policy making and how environmental health sciences influence the policy-making process. His areas of study include radiation risk communication, designing and evaluating radiation protection initiatives and radiation policies, radon risk reduction, safe disposal of high level radioactive waste, and use of computed tomography as a diagnostic screening tool. Dr. Locke directs the School's Doctor of Public Health program in Environmental Health Sciences.
Dr. Locke was a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board from 2003 to 2009. He has served on seven National Academy committees, and is currently a member of an NAS committee that is tasked with providing an assessment of lessons learned from the Fukushima nuclear accident for improving the safety and security of nuclear plants in the United States. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of NCRP. He was program committee chair of the NCRP's 2010 annual meeting entitled "Communication of Radiation Benefits and Risks in Decision Making." Dr. Locke is admitted to practice law in the state of New York, the District of Columbia, the Southern District Court of New York, and the United States Supreme Court.
Alan G. Lurie
Alan G. Lurie is professor and chair of the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Diagnostic Sciences and chair of the Section of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Department of Oral Health and Diagnostic Sciences, at the University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine. He has John Dempsey Hospital appointments in the Departments of Dentistry and Diagnostic Imaging and Therapeutics. He has been a full-time member of the dental school faculty since 1973, during which time he has done R0-1 research on radiation carcinogenesis, administered predoctoral and graduate educational programs, performed clinical research, and performed imaging care on patients in both dental and medical radiology settings.
He is past president and a current member of the School of Dental Medicine Council, co-founder of the University of Connecticut Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Clinic, and a member of numerous dental school and institutional committees. He is also an active member of his specialty nationally, having served as Councilor for Public Policy and Scientific Affairs of the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, and Past President of the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. Dr. Lurie has more than 100 publications in the refereed literature, and numerous presentations to local, state, national and international organizations.
is the Professor of Radiology and Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. He is also the Chief Physicist at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. He is also the Professor of Environmental Health and Engineering at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Dr. Mahesh obtained his PhD in Medical Physics from Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. Dr. Mahesh is board certified from the American Board of Radiology in diagnostic radiological physics and is a member of the Radiation Control Advisory Board for the State of Maryland. His research interests are in medical imaging, particularly in areas of multiple-row detector computed tomography (MDCT), interventional fluoroscopy, and digital mammography. As chief physicist, he oversees the quality assurance program for the diagnostic radiology that includes maintaining compliance with regard to state and federal regulations and ensuring safe use of radiation to patients. He often provides counsels to patients concerned over their radiation exposure from diagnostic x-ray examinations.
Dr. Mahesh is the editor of the Physics Columns (Technology Talk and Medical Physics Consult) for the Journal of American College of Radiology (JACR) since 2007. He is also the Associate Editor of JACR, Deputy Editor for Academic Radiology, Editorial Board Member for RadioGraphics and Radiology journals. He is the Treasurer for the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and board member of the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT). He is a fellow of the AAPM (2007), ACR (2009), American College of Medical Physics (2011), and SCCT (2011).
Dr. Mahesh has been invited to be the United Nations-International Atomic Energy Agency (UN-IAEA) expert to participate in IAEA activities. Dr. Mahesh is the author of the textbook titled MDCT Physics: The Basics – Technology, Image Quality and Radiation Dose. He publishes and lectures extensively here in the United States and internationally in the area of MDCT technology, radiation doses in medical imaging, and other medical physics areas.
Dr. Mahesh is on the NCRP Council and was a member of NCRP Scientific Committee (SC) 6-2 that published NCRP Report No. 160, Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the United States Population. He is the co-chair of NCRP SC 4-9 on Medical Exposure of the U.S. population.
DONALD M. MAYER
recently retired (2015) from Indian Point Energy Center as Director of Indian Point Unit 1 and Special Projects. Mr. Mayer has more than 30 y of experience in the nuclear power industry. He joined the New York Power Authority (NYPA) in 1982 as a radiological engineer at Indian Point Unit 3 and worked in the radiation protection field for 20 y, including as Radiation Protection Manager. Mr. Mayer also spent approximately 2 y as General Manager of Unit 3 plant services under NYPA where he was responsible for site security, emergency planning, radiation protection licensing, and corrective action programs. Since that time Mayer has lead various major projects for Entergy including site integration after Entergy’s plant acquisition of Unit 2 and led the Unit 1 project culminating in the removal and dry storage of the spent fuel.
Mr. Mayer was named Director of Unit 1 in 2007. In 2008, at the culmination of the Indian Point Independent Safety Evaluation, he was named as the senior management sponsor for the response and implementation of recommendations.
Mr. Mayer holds a BS in Biology from Syracuse University, an MS in Radiological Science from the University of Lowell, a Master’s in Business Administration from Mt. St. Mary’s College, and is a Certified Health Physicist.
RUTH E. MCBURNEY
is the Executive Director of the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors. In that position, she manages and directs the administrative office for the organization. Prior to taking that position in January 2007, she was the Manager of the Radiation Safety Licensing Branch at the Texas Department of State Health Services, culminating 25 y of service in the Texas Radiation Control Program, most of which involved licensing and standards development.
Ms. McBurney has served on the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Advisory Committee on the Medical Use of Isotopes and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's National Mammography Quality Assurance Advisory Committee. She is currently serving as a Member of NCRP, and is also on the Board of Directors. She served as a consultant to the International Atomic Energy Agency in the categorization of radiation sources and recently served on a committee of the National Academy of Science regarding replacement technologies for high-risk radiation sources. She has also been a U.S. delegate to the International Radiation Protection Association's 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th Congresses.
Ms. McBurney holds a BS in Biology from Henderson State University in Arkansas and an MS in Radiation Sciences from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. She is also certified in comprehensive health physics by the American Board of Health Physics.
DONALD L. MILLER
is the Chief Medical Officer for the Office of Radiological Health at the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Center for Devices and Radiological Health. He earned a BA from Yale University and an MD from New York University, and completed a residency in diagnostic radiology and a fellowship in interventional radiology at New York University Medical Center. He is board certified in Diagnostic Radiology and Vascular and Interventional Radiology. Prior to joining FDA, he practiced interventional radiology for three decades at the National Institutes of Health and the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.
Dr. Miller was elected to NCRP in 2006. He currently serves on the Board of Directors and as Chair of Program Area Committee 4 (Radiation Protection in Medicine). He is an author of NCRP Reports Nos. 168, 172, 177, 180, 184, and 185, and Statements Nos. 11 and 13. He served on the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Committee 3 (Protection in Medicine) as a member from 2010 to 2013, and as Vice-Chair from 2013 to 2017. He is an author of ICRP Publications 117, 120, 135, and 139. He was Vice-Chair for the U.S. Environmental Protection Administration’s Federal Guidance Report No. 14, is a consultant to the International Atomic Energy Agency, and is a member of the World Health Organization’s Core Group of Experts on radiation protection of patients and staff.
Dr. Miller was Professor of Radiology at the Uniformed Services University in Bethesda, Maryland from 1993 to 2012. He has served as Associate Editor of Radiology and the Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology and is an author of more than 200 papers in peer-reviewed journals and more than 40 book chapters and reports. He is a Fellow of the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) and the American College of Radiology (ACR), and an Honorary Member of both the American Association of Physicists in Medicine and the International Organization for Medical Physics. He chaired SIR’s Safety and Health Committee from 1999 to 2011 and the ACR Guidelines Interventional Committee from 2008 to 2012. His research interests have centered on radiation protection in medicine.
STEPHEN V. MUSOLINO
is a scientist in the Nonproliferation and National Security Department at the U. S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in Upton, New York. With more than 30 y of experience in Health Physics, his current research interests are in nonproliferation, counterterrorism, and planning for response to the consequences of radiological and nuclear terrorism. Since 1981, he has been part of the DOE Radiological Assistance Program as a Team Captain/Team Scientist and has been involved in developing radiological emergency response plans and procedures, as well as participating in a wide range of radiological and nuclear exercises and field deployments. During the Fukushima crisis, he was deployed in Japan as an Assessment Scientist with the DOE response team that was measuring the environmental consequences of the radioactive material released from the damaged nuclear power plants. Working with the first responder community in the New York metropolitan area, Dr. Musolino was involved with the development of guidance for response to the aftermath of a radiological dispersal device, and served on the scientific committee that developed NCRP Report No. 165, Responding to a Radiological or Nuclear Terrorism Incident: A Guide for Decision Makers. Earlier in his career at BNL, he was a member of the Marshall Islands Radiological Safety Program and participated in numerous field missions to monitor the populations living on islands affected by nuclear testing.
Dr. Musolino is a Fellow of the Health Physics Society, Distinguished Alumnus of Buffalo State College, and a member of the editorial board of the journal Health Physics. He earned a BS in engineering technology from Buffalo State College, an MS in nuclear engineering from Polytechnic Institute of New York University, and a PhD in health physics from the Georgia Institute of Technology. He is certified by the American Board of Health Physics.
WAYNE D. NEWHAUSER
is the Director of the Medical and Health Physics Program at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, holder of the Dr. Charles M. Smith Chair in Medical Physics, and Chief of Physics at the Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center. He is a board certified and licensed medical physicist with specialization in advanced-technology radiotherapies. Dr. Newhauser is an expert in proton radiation therapy, dose reconstructions, and risk estimation and reduction. His current research projects seek to improve long-term outcomes of survivors of childhood and adult cancers. He and his multidisciplinary team of collaborators are known for their early use of Monte-Carlo methods and high-performance computing in proton therapy, including neutron shielding, treatment planning, and estimation of stray radiation exposures. He received the Innovation Excellence Award in 2012 in recognition of his laboratory's research involving in-silico clinical trials to compare advanced-technology radiotherapies.
Dr. Newhauser has published more than 85 peer-reviewed journal articles, leads federal research grants, and mentors graduate students and post-doctoral fellows. He has served in leadership roles in the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, the American Nuclear Society, and the Health Physics Society. He serves on the International Advisory Board of the journal Physics In Medicine and Biology and is a corresponding member of EURODOS. After receiving a BS in nuclear engineering and MS and PhD degrees medical physics from the University of Wisconsin, he worked at the German National Standards Laboratory, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Michael A. Noska
is the Senior Advisor for Health Physics, the Agency Radiation Safety Officer, and the Team Lead for Radiological Emergency Response at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). He has been a health physicist with the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) for 21 y and has had multiple assignments at the National Institutes of Health and the FDA with a focus on internal radiation dosimetry and radiological emergency preparedness and response. Prior to joining the PHS, Captain Noska worked as a research assistant in radiopharmaceutical laboratories at Harvard Medical School and Duke University Medical Center developing radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies for the treatment of cancer. He received his MS from the University of North Carolina School of Public Health as a Department of Energy Applied Health Physics Fellow. Captain Noska is the current Chair of the Federal Advisory Team for the Environment, Food and Health and a member of the Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee. He is also the Past Chair of the Environmental Health Officer Professional Advisory Committee to the U.S. Surgeon General and Past President of the Baltimore-Washington Chapter of the Health Physics Society. Captain Noska serves on several interagency committees and workgroups related to radiological emergency response. In 2011, he deployed to Japan as part of a team from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in support of the U.S. Ambassador following the Great Tohoku Earthquake and the nuclear crisis at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station.
is a Professor of Radiation Oncology at Harvard Medical School and Director of Physics Research for the Department of Radiation Oncology at Massachusetts General Hospital. He received his PhD in experimental nuclear physics in 1992 from the Rheinische-Friedrich-Wilhelms University in Bonn, Germany. He has been working in radiation therapy research since 1994 and has made many significant contributions to the field of radiation oncology physics and biology, specifically in proton therapy. He has published about 300 peer-reviewed publications and numerous book chapters and edited three books on proton radiation therapy. His research interests include planning and delivery uncertainties in radiation therapy, biological effect modeling, Monte Carlo dose calculation, advanced optimization and imaging techniques as well as understanding radiation induced toxicities and systemic effects on the immune system. His work has been funded mostly by the National Institute of Health, including seven R01 grant awards as Principal Investigator throughout his career. In 2022 he received the Particle Therapy Co-Operative Group (PTCOG) Robert R. Wilson Award for significant contributions to the field of particle therapy. For his efforts in mentoring junior faculty he received the A. Clifford Barger Excellence in Mentoring Award by Harvard Medical School in 2012.
In addition to his research, he has been involved in numerous task groups and committees for organizations such as PTCOG, International Atomic Energy Agency, International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, International Commission on Radiological Protection, International Organization for Medical Physics, American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), and American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and served, for instance, as the Physics Track Chair of ASTRO as well as Therapy Program Director for AAPM. He currently serves on ASTRO’s Research Grants Evaluation Subcommittee is an elected member of NCRP.
Christopher N. Passmore
is a certified health physicist with over 31 y of experience in dosimetry and a former lead U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program (DOELAP) assessor. He provides training and consultation for dosimetry services and radiological protection programs.
Prior to consulting, Mr. Passmore worked 21 y at Landauer and 10 y in the DOE nuclear weapons complex managing external and internal dosimetry programs at Rocky Flats and Pantex. Mr. Passmore is an internationally known expert in dosimetry, radiation monitoring, radiation field characterization, regulatory compliance, and accreditation programs. In addition, he has >10 y of experience in serving as a Head of the Approved Dosimetry Services in Canada, United Kingdom, and Ireland. He also is a former DOELAP assessor with over 8 y of experience in this role.
Mr. Passmore serves as a U.S. delegate and technical expert to the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) TC45 and International Organization for Standardization (ISO) TC85, where he has been involved in influencing and developing several critical dosimetry standards (IEC 62387, ISO 21099, ISO 15690, ISO 15382, and ISO 14146). In addition to international standard committees, he also serves as a member of the Health Physics Society Standard Committee and is a member of NCRP.
Mr. Passmore holds an MS degree in Health Physics from National Technological University, a BS in Nuclear Engineering from Arizona State University, and a BS degree in both Physics and Engineering from Illinois College. He is also certified in Comprehensive Health Physics by the American Board of Health Physics.
DAVID J. PAWEL
is currently a Special Government Employee (Expert) with the Radiation Protection Division of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) where he had served as Statistician since 1997. His current focus is the reassessment of the EPA radiogenic cancer risk estimates. He is a co-author of the Blue Book on EPA's most recent radiogenic risk models and an EPA technical report on its assessment of risks from radon in homes. In 2003, as the second Beebe Fellow, he studied methods to improve cancer-specific radiogenic risk estimates at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) in Hiroshima, Japan and the National Cancer Institute in 2004. Dr. Pawel was a member of the RERF Statistics Department from 1992 to 1994. He is a member of NCRP and served on its committee on uncertainties in internal dose estimates. He is also a member of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), and he currently serves as Senior Technical Advisor for UNSCEAR's committee on Epidemiological Studies of Radiation and Cancer. He has a BS in Mathematics from the College of William and Mary, an MS in Statistics from Rutgers University, and a PhD in Statistics from the University of Wyoming.
KATHRYN H. PRYOR
has been a member of Program Area Committee (PAC) 2 since 2007 and a member of NCRP since 2010. She has served on Scientific Committees 2-4, 2-5, 2-7, 2-8, 1-19, and 6-9. Ms. Pryor has served on the NCRP Board of Directors and was Scientific Vice President of PAC 2. She received her BS in Biology in 1979 and MS in Radiological Sciences in 1981, both from the University of Washington.
Ms. Pryor retired from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, Washington in 2018. She was the Chief Health Physicist at PNNL, providing management and technical support to the PNNL Radiation Protection Division since 1992. She also served as the Chief Radiological Engineer for the design of the Pit Disassembly and Conversion Project. Ms. Pryor previously held radiation protection technical support positions at the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station and the Trojan Nuclear Plant and was the Radiation Safety Officer at the University of Southern California Health Sciences Campus.
Ms. Pryor is a Fellow member of the Health Physics Society (HPS) and served as President-Elect, President, and Past President from 2010 to 2013. She is certified in comprehensive practice by the American Board of Health Physics (ABHP) and served on the ABHP both as a member and Chair from 1998 to 2002. She also previously served as the President of the American Academy of Health Physics. Ms. Pryor was awarded the William McAdams Outstanding Service Award by ABHP in 2007 and the John P. Corley Meritorious Service Award by the Columbia Chapter of HPS in 2003.
is a Senior Health Physicist in the Radiation Studies Section in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prior to this appointment, Dr. Salame-Alfie spent 22 y with the New York State Department of Health in various capacities including Director of the Division of Environmental Health Investigation, Director of Preparedness for the Center for Environmental Health, and Director of the Bureau of Environmental Radiation Protection.
Dr. Salame-Alfie is a member of NCRP, and co-chaired Scientific Committees (SC) 3-1 and 3-2 that prepared NCRP Report No. 179 and Commentary No. 28 addressing dosimetry guidance for radiation emergency workers; and SC 3-3 that prepared Statement No. 15 on respiratory protection guidance for workers and volunteers. She is a Lifetime member of the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors where she served as Chair and member of the Board of Directors and chaired several committees and received the 2014 Gerald S. Parker Award. She is a Fellow member of the Health Physics Society and currently serves on the Board of Directors. She has extensive experience in many areas of radiation protection including radiological emergency preparedness and response, environmental radiation and radon and has published and co-authored many publications.
Dr. Salame-Alfie obtained her MS and PhD in Nuclear Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York.
is a tenured Professor of Radiology, Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, Physics, and Electrical and Computer Engineering at Duke University, where he also serves as the director of Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories and the founding director of the Clinical Imaging Physics Group. His expertise includes x-ray imaging, theoretical imaging models, simulation methods, and experimental techniques in medical image formation, analysis, assessment, display and perception. His current research includes methods to develop image quality and dose metrics that are clinically relevant and that can be used to design and utilize advanced imaging techniques towards optimum interpretive, quantitative and molecular performance. The main modalities of interest are computed tomography and tomosynthesis for breast, lung and abdominal imaging applications. He has been the recipient of 24 extramural grants, and has over 140 referred papers. He is certified by the American Board of Radiology, is a fellow of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), and is a fellow of the International Society of Optical Engineering (SPIE).
He was the founding Director of the Graduate Studies of the Duke Medical Physics Graduate Program. He has held leadership positions in the AAPM, the SPIE, and the Society of Directors of Academic Medical Physics Programs, and was appointed to the NCRP and serves on Program Area Committee 4.
DEBRA M. SCROGGS
has been a member of NCRP since 2006 and served on the Board for 3 y. She has been a member of Program Area Committee 2 since 2017. Before that she served on Scientific Committees 2-2, 5-1 developing reports addressing response and recovery for major radiological incidents. Her career has spanned many areas first working at Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory providing training in radiation safety to workers on the Hanford site. She then spent many years as Health Physicist (HP) at the University of Washington, the largest licensee in the State. She moved on to the State of Washington Office of Radiation Protection working as an HP for more than 20 y ultimately managing the Environmental Radiation Section which focuses on environmental radiation survey programs at major facilities including the Hanford Nuclear Site and the nuclear power plant. Over that time she also supported the State’s Homeland Security activities. Ms. Scroggs is a Fellow member of the Health Physics Society and served on the Board for 3 y. She is a life member of the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors serving as Chair from 2004 to 2007 and was awarded their James W. Miller Award recognizing work in emergency response, environmental monitoring and radiological incidents. Ms. Scroggs holds a bachelor’s degree in physics and a master’s degree in radiological sciences from the University of Washington. She is certified by the American Board of Health Physics.
J. Anthony Seibert
is Professor of Radiology at the University of California (UC) Davis School of Medicine in Sacramento, California. He received a PhD in Radiological Sciences from UC Irvine in 1982, specializing in quantitative digital fluoroscopic imaging. Directly thereafter, he took a faculty position at UC Davis Medical Center, pursuing digital imaging research, physics education efforts for graduate students and radiology residents, as well as quality control for medical imaging equipment in Diagnostic Radiology. He has continuing academic interests in digital mammography, computed tomography, interventional radiology, imaging informatics, and radiation dose tracking, assessment, and reporting. Former president of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) in 2011 and current Governor of the American Board of Radiology, Dr. Seibert has served and continues to interact with many professional committees in regards to medical imaging issues and presenting technical / educational events for the AAPM, International Atomic Energy Agency, and other professional societies. For NCRP, he is a member of Program Area Committee 4. As a co-author of The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging textbook for diagnostic physics education, Dr. Seibert continues with the development of cutting edge imaging technologies and medical physics education to improve the state of imaging science for the betterment of patient care.
is Professor of Radiology, Oncology and Radiation Oncology, Director of Radiopharmaceutical Dosimetry Section of the Division of Nuclear Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine. He has been principal investigator or program leader on numerous grants with over 20 y experience in modeling and dosimetry of internally administered radionuclides with a particular emphasis on patient-specific dosimetry, alpha-particle dosimetry, and mathematical modeling of radionuclide therapy. Dr. Sgouros' laboratory is currently engaged in preclinical research investigating targeted alpha-emitter therapy of metastatic cancer. He is author on more than 100 peer-reviewed articles, as well as several book chapters and review articles. He is chairman of the Medical Internal Radionuclide Dose Committee of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, as well as steering committee member, of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, Task Group on Internal Emitter Dosimetry.
He has served as chairman of the Dosimetry and Radiobiology Panel at a U.S. Department of Energy Workshop on alpha-emitters in medical therapy and, in the early 1990s, provided the physics/dosimetry support for the first Food and Drug Administration-approved human trial of targeted alpha-emitter therapy. He is also a member of the scientific advisory board of AREVA Med (Bethesda, Maryland), which is developing 212Pb-based alpha-emitters for targeted cancer therapy. Program areas of interest: medicine; dosimetry and measurement; education, risk communication, and outreach.
Kathleen L. Shingleton
has a BS degree from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and a Master’s degree from San Jose State University. She has been comprehensively certified by the American Board of Health Physics since 1989.
Ms. Shingleton has been an NCRP Council member since 2017, having previously assisted in writing reports under Program Area Committees (PACs) 6 and 2. She is currently a member of PAC 2 and has been a member of the Budget and Finance Committee since 2018.
Ms. Shingleton retired from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 2017, having served 38 y in a variety of roles in the Radiation Safety Program. During her career, Ms. Shingleton also served as secretary and president of the American Academy of Health Physics, as a member of the American Board of Health Physics Part I and II exam panels, and as treasurer and member-at-large for the Health Physics Society (HPS). In 2008 she named a Fellow of HPS.
STEVEN L. SIMON
received a BS in Physics from the University of Texas, an MS in Radiological Physics from the University of Texas Health Sciences Center in Dallas, and a PhD in Radiological Health Sciences from Colorado State University. Early in his career, he worked in medical physics and was the first treatment planner for clinical trials of treatments of solid tumors with negative pi-mesons at the Los Alamos Physics Meson Facility. Later specializing in environmental radioactivity and assessment, he directed the first and only nationwide monitoring program of the Marshall Islands for residual contamination from nuclear testing. He also participated in the radiological monitoring of numerous other nuclear test sites worldwide including Johnston Island, French Polynesia, and Algeria and has lead, or participated in, radiation health risk studies of fallout exposures in Utah, the Marshall Islands, and Kazakhstan.
In 2000, Dr. Simon joined the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Radiation Epidemiology Branch as an expert in dose reconstruction and led the Dosimetry Unit in that Branch for more than 6 y. His research program included methods for reconstructing historical doses, particularly to medical workers, atomic veterans, persons exposed to radioactive fallout in the Marshall Islands and in the United States – particularly in Utah and in New Mexico, and in the development of methods for characterizing uncertainties of estimated doses and using those uncertainties in radiation risk analyses. He led the first and only assessment of exposures from the world’s first nuclear test, TRINITY, as well as the development of a complete suite of methods for assessing doses from nuclear fallout. He retired from the NCI in 2022.
Dr. Simon has been a member of NCRP since 2006 and the Chair of Program Area 6 – Radiation Measurements and Dosimetry since 2013. He was an Associate Editor of Health Physics for 25 y and, in 2021, was awarded the Distinguished Scientific Achievement Award by the Health Physics Society. In 2011 during the Fukushima nuclear crisis, he was deployed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to the U.S. Embassy in Japan to assist with the protection of American citizens. He was on assignment in 2016 to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (Lyon, France) to develop methods for assessing doses and uncertainties to a study cohort of one million children exposed to radiation from computed tomography exams. In recent years, he has been a consultant to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation for occupational exposures.
David C. Spelic
is a physicist with the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Center for Devices and Radiological Health. On his arrival at the FDA in 1994, Dr. Spelic became involved with the Agency’s implementation of the Mammography Quality Standards Act (MQSA), particularly focusing on mammography physics testing and the training of MQSA inspectors.
Presently Dr. Spelic conducts premarket reviews of diagnostic x-ray devices, and directs most technical aspects of the Nationwide Evaluation of X-Ray Trends (NEXT) program, an FDA collaboration with the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors to document trends in patient dose and image quality for selected diagnostic x-ray exams and procedures.
MICHAEL D. STORY
is a professor at the University of Texas (UT) Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas. Dr. Story earned his PhD from Colorado State University. He holds the David A. Pistenmaa, MD, PhD Distinguished Chair in Radiation Oncology, serves as Vice-Chair of the Department of Radiation Oncology, Chief of the Section of Molecular Radiation Biology, and Director of the Pre-clinical Radiation Core Facility. Dr. Story serves on the editorial board of Mutagenesis, Scientific Reports, Translational Cancer Research and the Publications Committee of the Congress of Space Research (COSPAR). Dr. Story is a member of the Scientific Program sub-Committee and Executive Committee of the Particle Therapy Cooperative Group (PTCOG). Dr. Story is also a member of the Board of Directors of NCRP.
Dr. Story directs the radiobiology course for the Medical Physics graduate program and the Radiation Oncology medical resident program and was a faculty member for National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Space Radiation Summer School. Dr. Story's research is focused on five areas associated with radiation exposure: (1) delineating the effects of novel superoxide dismutase compounds that can act as both radioprotector and radiosensitizer in the same setting; (2) understanding and exploiting the biological effects of tumor treating fields in combination with radiation and/or chemotherapy agents; (3) developing biomarkers of the radioresponse of lung and liver tissues to high linear-energy transfer radiation exposures, including the development of biomarkers of carcinogenic risk; (4) enhancement of carbon ion radiotherapy for pancreatic and head and neck cancers; and (5) identification of genomic or epigenomic factors that predict or are prognostic for the radioresponse in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Dr. Story's research is funded by the National Cancer Institute, NASA, the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, and industry.
DANIEL O. STRAM
is Professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. He received his PhD in statistics from Temple University in 1983 and served as a postdoctoral fellow in the Biostatistics Department of the Harvard School of Public Health from 1984 to 1986. From 1986 to 1989 he was a research associate at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima, Japan.
Dr. Stram's main areas of research are in the statistical problems that arise in the design, analysis and interpretation of epidemiological studies of cancer and other diseases. His work on radiation epidemiology studies includes: (1) helping to characterize the statistical nature of errors in dose estimates for the atomic-bomb survivor study, (2) developing a multi-level variance components model for the dosimetry used in the Colorado Plateau uranium miners cohort for the purpose of better understanding dose and dose-rate effects in those data, and (3) characterizing study power and sample size issues in epidemiologic studies in which a complex dosimetry system is used to estimate radiation dose. Besides the field of radiation epidemiology his past and current research has focused on statistical issues relevant to clinical trials of treatment for pediatric cancer, nutritional epidemiology studies, and to studies of the genetics of complex diseases. He is an elected fellow of the American Statistical Association and has authored or co-authored over 200 peer reviewed articles.
Glenn M. Sturchio
is the Director of Health Physics for Mayo Clinic. He leads a team of health physicists that support the use of radiation sources in clinical, research and education domains at facilities in Arizona, Florida, Minnesota and Wisconsin. In addition, he is an Assistant Professor in the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science with teaching duties in the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and the School of Health Sciences.
Dr. Sturchio has filled numerous roles within the Health Physics Society, the American Board of Health Physics, and NCRP. He received his PhD from the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota and is certified in the comprehensive practice of health physics by the American Board of Health Physics.
STEVEN G. SUTLIEF
is currently a medical physicist with the Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center in Phoenix, Arizona and an adjunct professor at San Diego State University. He received his PhD in experimental particle physics from the University of Washington and subsequently completed a post-doctoral fellowship in radiation therapy medical physics at the University of Washington with research in intensity modulated radiation therapy. He has been chief medical physicist at the Veterans Affairs (VA) Puget Sound Health Care System in Seattle and an affiliate faculty member in the University of Washington School of Medicine, a professor at the University of California San Diego and a medical physicist with Landauer Medical Physics. Dr. Sutlief worked to advance radiation therapy within the VA, including agency-wide radiotherapy equipment modernization, radiotherapy device interconnectivity, consultation for the VA National Health Physics Program, participation in several investigations, and development of qualification standards for therapeutic medical physicists. He has coauthored more than 50 articles and book chapters related to therapeutic medical physics. Dr. Sutlief developed and taught the physics curriculum for the Bellevue College Medical Dosimetry program. He has served as a consultant to the International Atomic Energy Agency and as a member of the Radiation Oncology planning group for the Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise. Dr. Sutlief was a Co-organizer for the AAPM Summer School on Quality and Safety in Radiation Therapy and was a faculty member for the Veterans Health Administration Biennial Conference on Radiation Oncology. He actively participates in the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, where he has served on many committees and on several task group reports. He is currently an NCRP Council member.
TAMMY P. TAYLOR
joined Battelle Savannah River Associates, LLC in June 2021 as Associate Laboratory Director for the Global Security Directorate (GSD) at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) stewarding the newly formed Laboratory’s national security research and development portfolios and staff. GSD leadership and staff at SRNL specialize in nuclear material processing, grid cybersecurity, and asymmetric solutions to counter emerging threats. Previously, she served for 2 y as the Director of the International Data Centre (IDC) Division of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). The IDC collects, processes and analyses monitoring data originating from the facilities of the International Monitoring System to detect nuclear explosions anywhere in the world. Her primary contributions at the CTBTO focused on assuring the effectiveness of five technical sections and oversight of all information technology and Information Security efforts for the CTBTO. Before joining the CTBTO, Dr. Taylor served as the Chief Operating Officer of the National Security Directorate at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) where she led the mission execution, capability development, and project management of the directorate of three divisions and four project management offices representing more than 1,300 personnel and an annual budget of approximately $500 M. Prior to joining PNNL in 2013, Dr. Taylor served in a number of positions over 15 y at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). She served in positions as the Deputy Associate Director of Chemistry, Life and Earth Sciences, the Division Leader of Nuclear Engineering and Nonproliferation, a group leader, project leader, staff member, and Director’s Postdoctoral Research Fellow. From early 2007 to mid-2010 she was an Intergovernmental Personnel Act assignee from LANL in the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President. She managed the national science and technology portfolio on nuclear defence issues within the National Security and International Affairs Directorate of OSTP for Dr. John Holdren and Dr. Jack Marburger, Science Advisors to President Obama and President Bush, respectively. Dr. Taylor has a MS and PhD in Environmental Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology. Her undergraduate degree in Civil Engineering is from New Mexico State University.
JULIE E.K. TIMINS
is a Diagnostic Radiologist, board certified in General Radiology and in Nuclear Medicine. Her medical practice has been varied, including Chair of Nuclear Medicine at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Lyons, New Jersey; Staff Radiologist at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital and St. Peter’s Medical Center, New Brunswick, New Jersey; diagnostic imaging in an inner-city hospital in Jersey City; and Mammography and Women’s Imaging in an outpatient facility in Morristown, New Jersey. Dr. Timins is Chair of the New Jersey Commission on Radiation Protection, and sits on the New Jersey Radiologic Technology Board of Examiners. She served on the NCRP Board of Directors and has participated on several Annual Meeting Program Committees. She is past president of the Radiological Society of New Jersey and recipient of that organization’s Gold Medal Award. Dr. Timins is a Fellow of the American College of Radiology (ACR) and former member of the Council Steering Committee. She served as Vice-Chair for Practice Guidelines and Technical Standards of the ACR Commission on Quality and Safety. She is a recipient of the Advisory Committee Service Award of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, in recognition of distinguished service on the National Mammography Quality Assurance Advisory Committee. The American Association for Women Radiologists has honored Dr. Timins with the Professional Leadership Award for Mid-Career/Senior Faculty and the President’s Award. In appreciation of service as an Affiliate Member of the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors, she was presented with the Board of Directors Award for Outstanding Achievement in the Field of Radiation Protection, for participation on the H-30 Task Force and development of the White Paper on Bone Densitometry.
MICHAEL M. WEIL
is a professor in the Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences at Colorado State University (CSU). His research, which takes advantage of murine models of radiation carcinogenesis and leukemogenesis, is focused on understanding how radiation exposure can lead to cancer and why some individuals may be more susceptible than others. At CSU, Dr. Weil teaches a graduate level course in cancer genetics and lectures in courses on cancer biology, environmental carcinogenesis, principles of radiation biology, and the pathobiology of laboratory animals.
Dr. Weil earned his PhD in Microbiology from the University of Texas at Austin and was trained in cancer genetics and radiation biology in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Biochemistry and the Department of Experimental Radiotherapy at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. Dr. Weil is a former Radiation Research Society council member and has served on National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Defense, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration grant review panels.
Jeffrey J. Whicker
worked at Los Alamos National Laboratory as a health physicist and scientist for over 30 y. He received an MS in Health Physics and a PhD in Environmental and Radiological Health Science from Colorado State University and is certified by the American Board of Health Physics. Dr. Whicker is an elected Board Member of NCRP, served as a Board Member of the Health Physics Society, consulted for the International Atomic Energy Agency since 2018 on environmental sampling and remediation decisions, and was on the Editorial Board for the journal Radiation Protection Dosimetry for 8 y. He has been the recipient of numerous achievement awards including the U.S. Department of Energy Secretary’s Honor Award (2020). He is an author or co-author of hundreds of scientific publications, invited talks, book chapters, and presentations mostly on indoor and outdoor radiological air quality and measurements that span issues ranging from worker protection, homeland security, radiological dose and risk assessment for the public and the environment, and environmental quality. His research in outdoor air quality focused on aerosol transport through wind-driven suspension of contaminated soil and the effects of ecosystem disturbance on environmental transport rates. This research has broad implications for both public and ecosystem health.
CHRIS G. WHIPPLE
served as a Principal in Environ/Ramboll’s Emeryville, California office until his retirement in 2016. His expertise is with the management of risks to health and the environment. Major emphases of his work have been with risks associated with radioactive materials, including radioactive wastes, with hazardous air pollutants, and with environmental mercury. He has served on numerous national committees to study and advise on radioactive waste management, including committees of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and NCRP, of which he is an emeritus member. He was elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering in 2001 and is a designated National Associate of the National Academies. Dr. Whipple has chaired the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Board on Radioactive Waste Management, and NAS committees on the Review of the Hanford Site's Environmental Remediation Science and Technology Plan, Models in the Regulatory Decision Process, Medical Isotope Production without Highly Enriched Uranium, and the Committee on Risk-Based Approaches for Securing the U.S. Department of Energy's Nuclear Weapons Complex. Dr. Whipple also co-chaired the Academies' Report Review Committee from 2008 to 2016.
He was a charter member of the Society for Risk Analysis and served as its second president. In 1990, he received the Society's outstanding service award. He is a Fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science and of the Society for Risk Analysis. His experience prior to joining Environ includes positions as Vice President of ICF Consulting, Vice President of ICF Kaiser International, and Technical Manager for Environmental Risk Assessment of Electric Power Research Institute's Environment Division. He holds a BS in engineering science from Purdue University, and an MS and PhD, also in engineering science, from the California Institute of Technology. In 2004, he received Purdue's Distinguished Engineering Alumni Award.
ROBERT C. WHITCOMB, JR.
joined the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in June 1993. Before retirement in December 2021, he served as the Chief of the Radiation Studies Section, Division of Environmental Health Science and Practice, National Center for Environmental Health. In this position, he served as Radiation Subject Matter Expert and CDC Spokesperson for technical and public health issues related to environmental radiation and nuclear/radiological emergency response.
Prior to CDC, Dr. Whitcomb worked with the Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety. His primary area of expertise is the assessment of radionuclides released to the environment and the impact on public health. He has authored or coauthored numerous journal articles and is a recognized expert in domestic and international public health response in nuclear/radiological emergencies.
Dr. Whitcomb is a member of NCRP and the Health Physics Society. He is certified in comprehensive practice by the American Board of Health Physics and served on the Board of Directors of the Health Physics Society (2004 to 2007). In addition, he serves on the World Health Organization’s international roster of experts in radiation, environmental hazards, and health effects. Dr. Whitcomb holds a BS in Biology from Florida Southern College, an MS and a PhD in Environmental Engineering Sciences from the University of Florida.
Jessica S. Wieder
Jessica Wieder is an expert in radiation risk communication. As a member of NCRP’s Program Area on Radiation Education, Risk Communication and Outreach, Ms. Wieder helped write NCRP Report No. 179, Guidance for Emergency Response Dosimetry, and plan the outreach for high profile publications such as NCRP Report No. 180 on Management of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation: Radiation Protection Guidance for the United States (2018), and Commentary No. 27 on the Implications of Recent Epidemiologic Studies for the Linear-Nonthreshold Model and Radiation Protection. Also working through NCRP, Ms. Wieder and Brooke Buddemeier became TED educators on how to survive nuclear fallout.
Ms. Wieder is the Director of the Center for Radiation Information and Outreach at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). She served at EPA’s senior radiation public information officer during the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident, facilitated international panels on emergency response public communication, and was part of the contingency planning team for the 2011 launch of the Mars Science Laboratory. In 2013, she was awarded EPA's Exemplary Customer Service Award for her leadership in enabling all levels of government to provide quick, effective communications to the American people in response to large-scale radiological emergencies.
In 2010, Ms. Wieder was detailed to Federal Emergency Management Agency's Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosives Branch, where she created the intergovernmental Nuclear/Radiological Communications Working Group. With her guidance, this group developed the nuclear detonation messaging document Improvised Nuclear Device Response and Recovery: Communicating in the Immediate Aftermath.
JACQUELINE P. WILLIAMS
completed her undergraduate degrees at the University of Nottingham, followed by her post-doctoral training in radiation biology at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, University of London, United Kingdom. Shortly after completing her studies, she joined the faculty at the University of Rochester, New York, in the department of Radiation Oncology and, later, in the department of Environmental Medicine. Over her career, Dr. Williams has served as the President of the Radiation Research Society, the Research Chair on the Board of the American Society for Radiation Oncology, and Council Member to the International Association for Radiation Research, as well as associate editor on several radiation-related journals, including the International Journal of Radiation Biology.
Although now semi-retired, Dr. Williams has accrued nearly 40 y of experience in radiation biology and related fields and has been involved in a wide range of research areas, clinically-related oncologic studies and clinical trials, tumor blood flow studies, long-term carcinogenic studies, and pharmacological and toxicological projects. In particular, her research involved identifying mechanisms that underlie the initiation and progression of radiation-induced late normal tissue effects as a consequence of accidental exposures or the low doses associated with either space travel or mass terrorism events, with the goal of developing protection and/or mitigation strategies.
GAYLE E. WOLOSCHAK
is a Professor of Radiation Oncology and Radiology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago and Associate Dean of the Graduate School. She and her group have been involved in studies of molecular consequences of radiation exposure, late tissue effects associated with radiation, and the use of radiation-inducible nanomaterials for cancer imaging and therapy. Dr. Woloschak also teaches radiation biology to radiation oncology and radiology residents, cardiology trainees, and graduate students and manages the Advanced Grant Writing Workshop for the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). She earned her PhD in medical sciences from the University of Toledo (Ohio) and did post-doctoral studies in molecular biology at the Mayo Clinic. She has served on review panels for various federal agencies including the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the U.S. Department of Energy, RSNA, the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and others. She is currently Editor-in-Chief for the International Journal of Radiation Biology, Section Editor for PLOS One, and serves on a variety of editorial boards. She is Chair of NCRP Program Area Committee 1, has served on organizational committees for several NCRP meetings, and has been involved in committees for several NCRP reports. She also served as President of the Radiation Research Society and is a member of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation.
X. GEORGE XU
is the Distinguished Chair Professor of Nuclear Science and Radiation Oncology, and Director of Institute of Nuclear Medical Physics, the University of Science and Technology of China (Hefei, China). Before relocating to China in 2020, he spent 25 y at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (Troy, New York) where his academic ranks included the Edward E. Hood Endowed Chair Professor of Engineering. He received a PhD in Nuclear Engineering (health/medical physics focus) from Texas A&M University (College Station, Texas) in 1994. Since 1995, Prof. Xu has mentored nearly 100 PhD and MS students in United States and China. His research has dealt with “radiation dosimetry” for a wide range of challenges in radiation protection, medical imaging, and radiotherapy applications. His publication list includes two books, 220 peer-reviewed papers/chapters, 450 abstracts, and 150 invited talks. Widely known for his work on “computational phantoms” and “advanced Monte Carlo simulations,” Prof. Xu is a fellow of American Nuclear Society (ANS), Health Physics Society (HPS), American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering, as well as a Council member of NCRP and a past president of the Council on Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards (CIRMS). For two decades, he served on the editorial board of Medical Physics and Physics in Medicine & Biology. Prof. Xu is the co-founder and president of Virtual Phantoms Inc. (The VirtualDose software - a computed tomography and interventional radiology patient dose reporting software) and Wisdom Tech, Inc. (The ARCHER software - a GPU-based Monte Carlo dose computing software for treatment planning and dose QA verification). Prof. Xu is the recipient of the following recent major awards: CIRMS Randal S. Caswell Award for Distinguished Achievements (2015), HPS Distinguished Scientific Achievement Award (2018), ANS Arthur Holly Compton Award in Education (2020), ANS Rockwell Lifetime Achievement Award in Radiation Protection and Shielding (2020), AAPM Edith H. Quimby Award for Lifetime Achievement in Medical Physics (2020), International Union of Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine Award of Merit in Medical Physics (2022).
R. CRAIG YODER
directed Landauer's technical activities relating to radiation dosimetry, particularly for applications in radiation protection from 1983 through his retirement in 2015. Additionally, he oversaw subsidiary and partner businesses located in Australia, Brazil, China, France, Mexico, Japan, Sweden and Turkey.
An internationally known expert in radiation monitoring, Dr. Yoder led Landauer's transition from film and thermoluminescent dosimetry technology to optically stimulated luminescence, an assignment that required strategic planning and direction in areas spanning scientific research, product development, manufacturing, laboratory operations and marketing. From 1993 to 2001, he was Vice President of Operations and managed Landauer's manufacturing and analytical laboratory activities in addition to overseeing research and development programs.
Dr. Yoder is a member of NCRP and former President of the Council on Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards. He has served on several national and international committees to develop dosimetry standards. He was a member of a National Research Council committee that examined the accuracy of film badge measurements made during atmospheric nuclear weapons testing.
Dr. Yoder earned his MS and PhD degrees in Bionucleonics at Purdue University and received a BS in Pre-Medicine from Davidson College. He also completed the Executive Program at Stanford University. He is Certified in Comprehensive Health Physics by the American Board of Health Physics.
Pat B. Zanzonico
received a BS in Physics from Cooper Union in 1977 and a PhD in Biophysics from the Cornell University Graduate School of Medical Sciences in 1982. He served on the faculty of the Department of Radiology (Nuclear Medicine) of the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center and is currently a Member and Attending Physicist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Co-Head of the Center's Small-Animal Imaging Laboratories, and Chairman of its Committee on Radiation. He also serves on the Special Contributing Faculty of the Gerstner Sloan-Kettering Graduate School and is an Adjunct Professor of Applied Physics and Mathematics at Columbia University. Dr. Zanzonico is Associate Editor of the British Journal of Radiology and the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and a member of the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Medical Physics. He is also a member of the Medical Internal Radionuclide Dosimetry Committee of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging and Vice-Chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Advisory Committee on Medical Uses of Isotopes, and a past Consultant to the International Atomic Energy Agency. Dr. Zanzonico has over 120 peer-reviewed publications and over 75 invited presentations. He is actively involved in biomedical research on radionuclide-based methods for detecting and localizing tumor hypoxia, immune effector-cell trafficking, patient-specific dosimetry for radionuclide therapies, and small-animal and molecular imaging.
Cary J. Zeitlin
is a Senior Research Scientist with Leidos Innovations Corporation, working for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center Space Radiation Analysis Group to assess exposures and risks to astronauts in current and future mission scenarios. He began his career in particle physics in the early 1980s, scanning nuclear emulsion that had been exposed to a beam of high-energy iron ions at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) Bevalac. As this is one of the most tedious jobs imaginable, greener pastures soon beckoned, leading him to join the TPC/Two-Gamma Collaboration at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. After receiving his PhD in experimental high-energy physics and spending another 3 y at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center as a postdoc studying the decays of the Z boson, Dr. Zeitlin returned to LBL and to nuclear physics in 1991 to work on a long-term project measuring the fragmentation cross sections most pertinent to NASA’s space radiation transport codes. This experience led to his taking over as Principal Investigator of the Martian Radiation Environment Experiment (MARIE) aboard the Mars Odyssey orbiter following the untimely passing of Dr. Gautam Badhwar. This led subsequently to his role as Co-Investigator with the Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) project starting in 2008, as the instrument was being prepared for integration into the Curiosity Rover. After the successful transit and spectacular landing of Curiosity on Mars in 2012, RAD has been operating almost without interruption on the surface, sending back the first detailed radiation environment measurements from another planet. A second RAD was built for the International Space Station and began flight operations in early 2016. Dr. Zeitlin has received two Outstanding Performance awards from LBL and has received three awards from NASA for his work on the MARIE, RAD, and CRaTER projects. He was elected to the NCRP in 2014.
(as of March 6, 2018)