KENNETH R. KASE
is Vice President Emeritus of NCRP. He was a member of the Council for 24 y, served as Senior Vice President for 9 y, and for 12 y as Scientific Vice President and Chair of Scientific Committee 46 for Operational Radiation Safety. He also was a member of Committee 4 of the International Commission on Radiation Protection from 1997 to 2001. Dr. Kase completed his term as President of the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA) in May 2012. He served as Vice-President from 2004 to 2008, and chaired the International Congress Program Committee for the 2000 International Congress on Radiation Protection (IRPA 10) in Hiroshima, Japan.
Kenneth Kase began his career in Health Physics at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, California, in 1963 and moved to Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in 1969. In 1975 he received a PhD from Stanford University and was appointed to the faculty of Radiation Oncology at the Harvard Medical School. He was appointed Professor of Radiation Oncology at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in 1985. In 1992 he returned to Stanford and was appointed Associate Director of SLAC and Director of the Environment, Safety and Health Division in 1995. He retired from that post in 2001 and from SLAC in 2005. He joined StemRad, Ltd., a provider of personal radiation protection solutions, in 2012 as a scientific advisor and is currently a member of their Advisory Board.
Throughout his career Dr. Kase has been active in research activities related to radiation physics and radiation protection, particularly in radiation measurements and the operation of particle accelerators. He has published over 75 papers in peer reviewed journals, co-authored one book, and edited three others on radiation dosimetry.
Dr. Kase served on the Board of Directors of the Health Physics Society (HPS) from 1989 to1992 and 2002 to 2005 and as President of the HPS in 2003 to 2004. He served on the Board of Directors of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) from 1984 to 1991, and as AAPM Treasurer from 1986 to 1991. Dr. Kase also has been an associate editor of Health Physics, Medical Physics, and Radiation Research.
S. JAMES ADELSTEIN
is Paul C. Cabot Distinguished Professor of Medical Biophysics (Emeritus). He received his MD degree from Harvard Medical School and his PhD in Biophysics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He did postdoctoral work at Cambridge University and at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. In the 1970s he organized nuclear medical units at Peter Bent Brigham (now Brigham and Women's) Hospital, Children's Hospital of Boston, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, which were affiliated to become a teaching, clinical and research organization known as the Joint Program in Nuclear Medicine.
Dr. Adelstein served as the Executive Dean for Academic Programs at Harvard Medical School from 1978 to 1997. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and recipient of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging's Hermann Blumgart, Paul Aebersole, and George de Hevesy Awards. His research has focused on the biophysical effects of highly ionizing radiation emitted by radionuclides. Dr. Adelstein was elected to NCRP in 1978, served on several report-writing committees, and was Vice President of NCRP from 1983 to 2002.
DAVID A. SCHAUER
is an internationally recognized expert with more than 39 y of experience in radiation measurements, protection, effects, policy, and radiological/nuclear preparedness and response. He is widely published and is often invited to speak at conferences and symposia. He has served as a technical expert for the International Atomic Energy Agency and World Health Organization, and is a member of two editorial boards.
Dr. Schauer’s career began in 1984 when he was commissioned as a radiation specialist in the U.S. Navy. His assignments included operational, research, teaching and leadership positions at commands from San Diego, California to Kittery, Maine, with most of his time spent in Bethesda, Maryland. His final tour (1999 to 2004) was on the faculty (Radiology and Radiological Sciences) of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences.
Following his retirement from the Navy, Dr. Schauer remained in Bethesda where he served as the Executive Director of NCRP from 2004 to 2012. During his tenure the Council published more than 40 reports, commentaries, statements, and annual meeting proceedings on a wide range of basic and applied topics with direct impact on federal, state and local regulations, policies and guidelines. He reorganized NCRP’s financial, administrative, publication and executive functions to ensure compliance with the Congressional Charter. He is now Executive Director Emeritus at NCRP.
Dr. Schauer also served as Executive Secretary of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements from 2014 to 2019. In 2016, Dr. Schauer returned to the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute as a radiation physicist in the Radiation Sciences Department where he first served as a junior naval officer from 1986 to 1990.
Lynn R. Anspaugh
Lynn R. Anspaugh is Research Professor of Radiobiology Emeritus, University of Utah. Dr. Anspaugh is an expert on radiation dosimetry and radiation dose reconstruction. He worked 33 y at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in a number of positions, including 10 y as Leader of the Environmental Sciences Division. Dr. Anspaugh has been involved in dose-reconstruction studies for persons exposed to fallout from nuclear weapons tests, the Chernobyl accident, releases from the Mayak Production Association in Russia, and the Fukushima accident. Dr. Anspaugh is the author or co-author of 350 papers and reports, most of which are related to radiation-dose-reconstruction activities.
Dr. Anspaugh has been a consultant to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), the International Atomic Energy Agency, and the World Health Organization. He has been a member of the U.S. delegation to UNSCEAR since 1987.
Benjamin R. Archer
has retired as a Professor of Radiological Sciences at Baylor College of Medicine where he was employed for 36 y. He received his doctorate from the University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences / M.D. Anderson. He is certified in diagnostic imaging physics by the American Board of Radiology and the American Board of Medical Physics and has served these organizations on numerous national committees and task groups. He was co-chair of the scientific committee that produced NCRP Report No. 147, Structural Shielding Design for Medical X-Ray Imaging Facilities (2004). Dr. Archer is a Distinguished Emeritus member of the Council and has been elected to fellowship in the American College of Medical Physics, the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, and the American College of Radiology.
is a Clinical Professor of Radiology and Medicine at Columbia University. He earned an MS in Radiological Physics and a PhD in Experimental Physics. He is certified in Radiological Physics by the American Board of Radiology and licensed by New York State in Diagnostic Imaging, Radiation Therapy Physics, and Medical Health Physics. He is a past President of the Radiological and Medical Physics Society of New York, past Vice President of the Radiological Society of North America, a member of the Standards and Safety Committees of the Society for Interventional Radiology, and a member of editorial and review boards of several scientific journals. He received the Marvin M.D. Williams award from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) in 2017. He is a fellow of AAPM, the American College of Medical Physics, the American College of Radiology, the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and the Society of Interventional Radiology. He currently serves on International Electrotechnical Commission working groups responsible for safety and performance standards for projection and interventional radiology. He has been a member of NCRP Council for more than a decade. He chaired scientific committees that produced NCRP Report No. 168, Radiation Dose Management for Fluoroscopically-Guided Interventional Medical Procedures and NCRP Statement No. 11, Outline of Administrative Policies for Quality Assurance and Peer Review of Tissue Reactions Associated with Fluoroscopically-Guided Interventions (2014). He has over 100 refereed publications in the areas of radiological imaging, radiological health, and related topics.
HAROLD L. BECK
was a physicist for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)/ERDA/Atomic Energy Commission for over 36 y. Mr. Beck retired in 1999 as the Director of the Environmental Science Division of the DOE Environmental Measurements Laboratory (EML) in New York City and is presently a self-employed consultant specializing in environmental radiation dose reconstructions. During his tenure at EML, he also served as Director of the EML Instrumentation Division, and as Acting Deputy Director of the Laboratory. Mr. Beck has authored well over 100 publications in the areas of radiation physics, radiation measurement, dose reconstruction, environmental radiation, and radiation dosimetry. He served as Scientific Vice President for Radiation Measurements and Dosimetry of NCRP from 1996 to 2003, and in 2004 was elected to Distinguished Emeritus membership in NCRP. From 2004 to 2006, he served as a member of the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council (NAS/NRC) Board on Radiation Effects Research /Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board.
He currently serves as a member of the U.S. Scientific Review Group, DOE Russian Health Studies Program. He has served as an expert member on a number of NCRP and NAS/NRC scientific studies related to radiation dosimetry and as Chair of two NCRP committees and one NCRP Program Committee. He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Nuclear Society, and a Fellow of the Health Physics Society.
JOEL S. BEDFORD
is Professor of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences at Colorado State University, and holds a joint faculty appointment in the University Graduate Program in Cell and Molecular Biology. He received a D. Phil. degree in Radiobiology from Oxford University. He then joined the faculty at Vanderbilt University in 1966 and was promoted to Associate Professor in 1971. In 1975 he moved to his present position at Colorado State University. His research has focused principally on cellular radiation biology, radiation cytogenetics, carcinogenesis, genetic factors altering susceptibility to radiation effects and cancer biology. His programs have been funded, without interruption, by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the U.S. Department of Energy, and/or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration since 1966. He served as a regular member and Chairperson of the NIH Radiation Study Section, and as a Councilor, Associate Editor, and later as President of the Radiation Research Society. He has received various awards such as the Failla Award and the Excellence in Mentoring Award from the Radiation Research Society.
He was a regular member of the National Academies' Board on Radiation Effects Research, and then on the National Academies' Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board. He served a 5 y term on the Scientific Council of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima, Japan, and is a member of NCRP. He is a member of NCRP Program Area Committee 1. Dr. Bedford has authored some 150 peer reviewed articles, including several book chapters, and is an inventor on two patents.
ELEANOR A. BLAKELY
is a retired Senior Staff Biophysicist with a 47 y professional career at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory investigating molecular, cellular and animal radiobiological effects of charged particle beams. She currently is an Adjunct Research Professor in both the Departments of Basic Sciences, and of Radiation Medicine at Loma Linda University, School of Medicine, Loma Linda, California.
Dr. Blakely was awarded a PhD in Physiology from the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana as a U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Special Fellow in Radiation Science and Protection. Her professional activities have included service on advisory panels for several hospitals, universities, and numerous federal agencies including the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); on Editorial Boards for several journals; Appointed Member, Diagnostic Radiology Study Section-Division of Research Grants, NIH; Advisory Committee Member, International Atomic Energy Agency; Scientific Director, NASA Space Research Summer School; and Elected Officer of the Radiation Research Society: Biology Councilor and Secretary Treasurer.
In 2000 she was elected to NCRP and served on Scientific Committee (SC) 75 that produced NCRP Report No. 132, Radiation Protection Guidance for Activities in Low-Earth Orbit; and SC 1-7 that produced NCRP Report No. 153, Information Needed to Make Radiation Protection Recommendations for Space Missions Beyond Low-Earth Orbit.
Dr. Blakely has received several awards including the Robert Emerson Graduate Teaching Award, School of Life Sciences, University of Illinois, the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Outstanding Performance Award, the DOE Office of Science Outstanding Mentor Award, the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Technology Transfer Award, the 35th NCRP Lauriston S. Taylor Lecturer (2011), Martin Schneider Memorial Lectureship, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (2014), the Berkeley Laboratory Director's Award for Exceptional Achievement: the Berkeley Lab Citation Award (2015), Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2016), Distinguished Services Award of the Radiation Research Society (2017), Distinguished Emeritus Member of the NCRP, and was the recipient of the 20th Gray Medal of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (2019).
was born and educated in France. He came to the United States in 1984 to work for the National Cancer Institute (NCI). His initial assignment was to estimate the thyroid doses received by the American people from 131I released by the nuclear weapons tests that were conducted at the Nevada Test Site in the 1950s. This study led to the assessment of doses from nuclear weapons tests conducted at other sites all over the world, as well as to a large number of dosimetry studies related to the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident. He was the head of the Dosimetry Unit of the Radiation Epidemiology Branch at NCI until he retired at the end of 2010. Throughout his career, Dr. Bouville actively participated in the preparation of scientific reports under the umbrella of international organizations, notably the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, the International Commission on Radiological Protection, the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, the World Health Organization, the International Atomic Energy Agency, and the Nuclear Energy Agency.
Regarding U.S. organizations, Dr. Bouville was a member of NCRP for 12 y, became a Distinguished Emeritus Member in 2011, and is currently Chair of Scientific Committee 6-9 on the dosimetry for the Million-Worker Study. He has served on numerous National Academy of Science committees, is a Lifetime Associate of the National Academies, and is currently a member of the Committee on the analysis of cancer risks in populations near nuclear facilities. For all his achievements, Dr. Bouville was a recipient of the Presidential Rank Meritorial Award in 2003.
LESLIE A. BRABY
has been a Research Professor at Texas A&M University since 1996. His previous experience includes Biology and Chemistry Department Staff Scientist from 1971 to 1991 and Radiation Physics and Chemistry Section Manager from 1991 to 1995 at Battelle, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. He received his BA degree from Linfield College and PhD from Oregon State University in 1972.
Dr. Braby is a former member of the NCRP Board of Directors and a member of several NCRP scientific committees (SC) including SC 88 on Fluence as a Basis of a System of Radiation Protection for Astronauts, SC 1-7 on Research Needs for Deep Space Missions, chair of SC 1-11 on Safety Considerations for Pulsed Fast Neutron Surveillance Systems, SC 6-1 on Uncertainties in Measuring External Beam Irradiation, SC 1-20 on the biological effects of low energy x rays, and Chairman of SC 6-5 on Safety of Cargo Inspection Systems Using High Energy Photons. He was also Chair of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) working committee on characterizing low level radiation exposure, and member of ICRU working committee to prepare a report on microdosimetry.
JAMES A. BRINK
is Radiologist-in-Chief at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), Chair of Radiology at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH), Chief of Enterprise Radiology at the Mass General Brigham (MGB) Health System, and the Juan M. Taveras Professor of Radiology at Harvard Medical School (HMS). He earned a BS degree in Electrical Engineering at Purdue University and an MD at Indiana University before completing his residency and fellowship at MGH in 1990. He joined the faculty at the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology at Washington University School of Medicine where he rose to the rank of Associate Professor prior to joining the faculty at Yale University in 1997. Dr. Brink served as Chair of the Yale Department of Diagnostic Radiology from 2006 to 2013 prior to returning to MGH as Radiologist-in-Chief. In 2021, his responsibilities expanded to include serving at Chair of Radiology at BWH and Chief of Enterprise Radiology at MGB.
Dr. Brink is Fellow of the Society for Computed Body Tomography/Magnetic Resonance, Fellow of the American College of Radiology, Past-President of the American Roentgen Ray Society, and Past-President of the American College of Radiology. For the International Society for Strategic Studies in Radiology, Dr. Brink serves as President. Dr. Brink is a recipient of the American Roentgen Ray Society’s Gold Medal and an honorary member of the European Society of Radiology, the Japanese Radiological Society, the Chinese Society of Radiology, the Chinese Radiologists Association, the Italian Society of Medical Radiology, the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, and the International Organization for Medical Physics. In 2019, Dr. Brink was awarded Outstanding Electrical and Computer Engineer from Purdue University, and in 2020, he was elected Distinguished Emeritus Member by NCRP. Dr. Brink has broad experience in medical imaging, including the utilization and management of imaging resources, with specific interest and expertise in issues related to the monitoring and control of medical radiation exposure.
ANTONE L. BROOKS
retired in 2008 from the Washington State University Tri-cities as a Professor in the Environmental Science Department. His career included positions as Laboratory Senior Scientist and Section Manager at Battelle, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Manager of the Cellular and Molecular Toxicology Group at Lovelace Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute, Albuquerque; and Technical Representative in Washington D.C. for the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health and Environmental Research. He is a member of the Health Physics Society, the Mutation Research Society, and the Radiation Research Society.
Dr. Brooks' research interests include cytogenetics, radiation-induced cancer, radiation risk, and public outreach on radiation effects. The focus of his research has been understanding the biological changes induced by low doses of ionizing radiation. Dr. Brooks served as the Principal Investigator for the project "Optimizing the Scientific Regulatory and Societal Impact of the DOE Low-Dose Research Program." This includes radiation from both external radiation sources and from internally-deposited radioactive materials. The use of biomarkers for exposure, dose, susceptibility and disease have been a major research effort directed toward making it possible to better estimate radiation risk using short term biological endpoints. Dr. Brooks has authored or co-authored over 170 publications.
In 1961, Dr. Brooks earned a BS in Experimental Biology and 2 y later received his MS in Radiation Ecology both at the University of Utah. Dr. Brooks completed his PhD in Physical Biology in 1966 at Cornell University.
Dr. Brooks was first elected to NCRP in 1979 and served as a member for 30 y becoming a Distinguished Emeritus Member in 2009. Dr. Brooks served on the Board of Directors and was Scientific Vice President for PAC 1, Basic Criteria, Epidemiology, Radiobiology and Risk from 2005 to 2008. He chaired Scientific Committees (SC) 1-3, 57-10, 57-11; co-chaired both SC 1-13 and 57-10; and was a member of SC 45 and SC 83. Dr. Brooks chaired the 2008 and served as a member in 2002 of the Annual Meeting Program Committee.
SHIH-YEW (S.Y.) CHEN
is currently an adjunct faculty of the Professional Master of Health Physic Program at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), Chicago. From this program, he retired as the director in 2022. Before joining IIT in 2013, Dr. Chen was a Senior Environmental Systems Engineer and served as the Strategic Area Manager in Risk and Waste Management in the Environmental Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois. He received his BS in nuclear engineering from National Tsing Hua University in Taiwan and his MS and PhD in nuclear engineering from the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana. Dr. Chen's professional interests include radiation protection, human and environmental health risk, and nuclear accident analysis, with expertise in environmental cleanup, radioactive material disposition management, and nuclear waste transportation. Dr. Chen was an NCRP member from 1999 to 2017, became a Distinguished Emeritus member in 2017, and served on its Board (2004 to 2011). In addition, he served as NCRP Scientific Vice President on Environmental Radiation and Waste Issues (2004 to 2017). Dr. Chen has served on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Science Advisory Board/Radiation Advisory Committee from 2009 to 2015. He is a long-standing member of the Health Physics Society and the American Nuclear Society. He was elected to Fellow by the Health Physics Society in 2013 and is a Certified Health Physicist by the American Board of Health Physics. While at Argonne, Dr. Chen developed an integrated risk assessment program that addresses the broad-based issues to support federal risk-based policies. Dr. Chen had served in numerous capacities at NCRP, including chairing Scientific Committee (SC) 87-4. The committee's effort led to the publication of Report No. 141, Managing Potentially Radioactive Scrap Metal. He also chaired Scientific Committee SC 5-1, which led to the publication of Report No. 175, Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Major Nuclear or Radiological Incidents. In addition, he served as Chair of NCRP 2005 Annual Meeting Program Committee, Managing the Disposition of Low-Activity Radioactive Materials, and as Co-Chair of NCRP 2013 Annual Meeting Program Committee, Radiation Dose and the Impacts on Exposed Populations.
MICHAEL L. CORRADINI
is Wisconsin Distinguished Professor of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He served from 1995 to 2001 as Associate Dean for the College of Engineering and as Chair of Engineering Physics from 2001 to 2011. He has published widely in areas related to vapor explosion phenomena, jet spray dynamics, and transport phenomena in multiphase systems. In 1998, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering. He also served as a presidential appointee in 2002 and 2003 as the chairman of the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board (a separate government agency).
From 2004 to 2008, he served as a board member of the National Accreditation Board for Nuclear Training of the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations. In 2006, he was appointed to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards and was elected to NCRP. Most recently, he was appointed Chair of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the French Atomic Energy Agency. He began and now serves as the Director of the Wisconsin Energy Institute. He was elected as the President of the American Nuclear Society for 2012 to 2013.
J. DONALD COSSAIRT
is Scientist Emeritus at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois. He received a BA in physics and mathematics from Indiana Central College (now the University of Indianapolis) (1970) and a PhD in experimental nuclear physics from Indiana University Bloomington (1975). His career began with a postdoctoral appointment in nuclear physics research at the Texas A&M University Cyclotron Institute. He began his transition to health physics with his move to Fermilab in 1978 and led Fermilab's radiation protection program from 1989 to 2020. He became certified by the American Board of Health Physics in 1982. He is a member of the American Physical Society, a Fellow Member of the Health Physics Society (HPS), and served as a Council Member of NCRP for 12 y before becoming a Distinguished Emeritus Member in 2007. His principal interests are in radiation physics and associated instrumentation at particle accelerators.
Along with Matthew Quinn, PhD, Dr. Cossairt in 2019 published a new textbook entitled Radiation Physics for Personnel and Environmental Protection. Dr. Cossairt has numerous publications in health physics, nuclear physics, and particle physics and has served on many review panels and has been a frequent lecturer at the academic sessions of the U.S. Particle Accelerator School. He was co-academic dean of the Professional Development School of the Health Physics Society in Oakland, California in 2008. He received a G. William Morgan Lectureship Award from HPS in 2011. He has contributed to several NCRP publications and commentaries, perhaps the most notable one being NCRP Report No. 144, Radiation Protection for Particle Accelerator Facilities (2003).
ALLEN G. CROFF
is an adjunct professor at Vanderbilt University lecturing and participating in projects concerning the nuclear engineering and the nuclear fuel cycle, and a consultant to the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board. He worked at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for 30 y in areas concerning waste management, nuclear fuel cycle, and nuclear materials research and development. His career at ORNL included creation of the ORIGEN2 computer code, developing and evaluating radioactive waste classification systems, and evaluating current and advanced nuclear fuel cycles.
After retiring from ORNL in 2003, he was vice-chairman of the Advisory Committee on Nuclear Waste and Materials that provided technical advice to the commissioners of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission on waste disposal, the fuel cycle, and nuclear materials management from 2004 to 2008. He then became a senior technical advisor to the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future from 2010 to 2012 in parallel with his activities at Vanderbilt University.
Throughout his career he had extensive external U.S. and international involvements on technical review, oversight and integration committees. He has been a member of 10 committees, and the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board of the National Academy of Sciences, he led the committee that wrote NCRP Report No. 139 concerning risk-based waste classification, he was a member of the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee, and chaired the Nuclear Development Committee of the Nuclear Energy Agency for 10 y.
SARAH S. DONALDSON
is the Catharine and Howard Avery Professor at Stanford University School of Medicine and Associate Residency Program Director in the Department of Radiation Oncology at Stanford. She also serves as the Chief of the Radiation Oncology service at the Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford. She is recognized as an authority in clinical radiation oncology, with particular interest and expertise in childhood cancer, breast cancer, lymphomas, and sarcomas. She has a long time interest in the late effects of cancer and its treatment.
Dr. Donaldson received her undergraduate and nursing degrees from the University of Oregon, a BMS from Dartmouth Medical School in 1966, and her MD from Harvard Medical School in 1968. She completed her Radiation Oncology residency at Stanford, joined the faculty in 1973, and has served Stanford continuously since that time.
A member of many professional organizations, Dr. Donaldson has held numerous national leadership roles. She is a former president and the first female president of both the American Board of Radiology and the American Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology. She also has been President of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) and a trustee of the R&E Foundation of the RSNA. In addition, she has served the Board of Directors of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.
Dr. Donaldson has received numerous honors and awards including the Marie Curie Award of the American Association for Women Radiologists, the Janeway Medal of the American Radium Society, the Henry S. Kaplan Memorial Prize for teaching, the Hoppe Leadership award, the Hewlett Award from the Department of Medicine, and the Dean's Medal at Stanford. She has received gold medals from the del Regato Foundation, the American College of Radiology, and the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science member of the National Academies Institute of Medicine.
William P. Dornsife
graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1966 and served several years on a nuclear submarine after completing nuclear power school and prototype. After his naval service, he received an MS degree in Nuclear Engineering from Ohio State. He then worked for about 3 y for a major engineering company designing nuclear power plants and performing licensing functions. He began working for the Pennsylvania Bureau of Radiation Protection in 1976 as a Nuclear Engineer. He participated as a major responder to the 1979 Three Mile Island (TMI) 2 accident. After the TMI accident, he was promoted to the newly created position of Chief of the Nuclear Safety Division. In 1992, Mr. Dornsife was appointed as Director of the Bureau of Radiation Protection. In these positions, he was responsible for the implementation and regulation of the host state responsibilities for the Appalachian Compact. In December 1997, he retired from government service and accepted a position with Waste Control Specialists (WCS). At WCS he was eventually promoted to Executive Vice President for Licensing and Regulatory Affairs. In this position he was responsible for all licensing and regulatory activities of WCS. He was responsible for licensing the new low-level radioactive waste disposal facility in Texas. This is the first operating disposal facility licensed under U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission 10 CFR Part 61 regulations in the United States. He retired from WCS in 2015.
Mr. Dornsife is a registered professional engineer in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and State of Texas. He is a Distinguished Emeritus Member of NCRP, and was chairperson of the NCRP Committee on Waste Avoidance and Volume Reduction that published NCRP Report No. 143. He is a past Chairperson of the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors. He has participated nationally in a variety of national forums on radioactive waste management and other radiation issues.
KEITH F. ECKERMAN
is a leading expert in computational dosimetry having served on International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Committee 2 and is now an Emeritus Member of the ICRP. He has received several scientific achievement awards, including the 39th Lauriston Taylor Lecturer for NCRP and Gold Medal for Radiation Protection awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He is currently retired from Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
JOHN R. FRAZIER
is an independent, health physics consultant with over 35 y of professional experience in a wide range of radiation protection areas. His areas of expertise include external and internal radiation dosimetry, environmental dose assessment, radiation risk assessment, radiation spectroscopy, health physics training, radiation detection and measurement, and radiological site characterization. Dr. Frazier earned a BA in Physics from Berea College, an MS in Physics from the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, and a PhD in Physics (with health physics emphasis) from the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. His dissertation research was performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the study of interactions of low-energy electrons with large molecules. He completed Comprehensive Certification in health physics from the American Board of Health Physics in 1981 and has been recertified through 2013.
Dr. Frazier is a past-president of the American Academy of Health Physics and a fellow and past-president of the Health Physics Society. He is serving in his second term as an elected member of NCRP and has served on Scientific Committees 46 and 2-1 and on Program Area Committee 2 for the past 7 y. Dr. Frazier was awarded the 1988 Elda E. Anderson of the Health Physics Society and presented the 2007 John C. Villforth Lecture to the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors. He has served as an advisor to numerous federal agencies on a wide range of health physics and radiation protection topics from operational health physics program design to environmental radiation dose and risk assessments. Dr. Frazier has also served as a consultant to private companies and individuals on numerous health physics issues.
THOMAS F. GESELL
served as a Director and Vice President of NCRP. Dr. Gesell retired in January 2014 from Idaho State University (ISU) where he was Professor of Health Physics and directed the Environmental Monitoring Program. He has a BS degree in physics from San Diego State University and MS and PhD degrees in physics with specialization in health physics from the University of Tennessee.
Prior to joining ISU in 1991, Dr. Gesell directed the Department of Energy's (DOE) Radiological and Environmental Sciences Laboratory located on the Idaho National Laboratory Site. While there he managed several programs related to protection of health and environment. Before joining DOE in 1981 he was Associate Professor of Health Physics at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston where he taught in health physics and conducted research on various aspects of dosimetry and environmental radiation.
He has numerous papers in the literature focused on dosimetry and environmental radiation and has published, with Merril Eisenbud, the fourth edition of "Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial and Military Sources" (Academic Press, 1997). He is a Fellow and past Director of the Health Physics Society, and serves on the Environmental Safety and Health Panel for the University of California Office of the President. He completed a 6 y term on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Science Advisory Board (Radiation Advisory Committee) in 2002 and has also served on committees of the National Research Council and Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Ethel S. Gilbert
is a staff scientist in the Radiation Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute (NCI). She received a BA in mathematics from Oberlin College and an MPH and PhD in biostatistics from the University of Michigan. She spent several years as a senior staff scientist at Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, where her research focused on epidemiologic studies of nuclear workers and on analyzing data from experimental animal studies, and also spent a year at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima, Japan. Dr. Gilbert joined NCI in 1996 as an Expert and received the National Institutes of Health Merit Award in 2003. Dr. Gilbert is a fellow of the American Statistical Association and an honorary member of NCRP. She was a member of the National Academy of Sciences BEIR VII Committee on Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation, and was also a member of the study group for the 15-country nuclear worker study.
RONALD E. GOANS
has worked in the field of nuclear physics and radiation effects since 1966. He received his PhD in radiation physics from the University of Tennessee in 1974, his MD from the George Washington University School of Medicine in 1983, and the MPH from the Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine in 2000. He is currently Senior Medical Advisor with MJW Corporation and Senior Medical/Scientific Advisor with the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS).
Following medical school and residency, Dr. Goans had a research fellowship in the Laboratory of Theoretical and Physical Biology at the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development). In this capacity he performed mathematical modeling of calcium dynamics in different pathological states. Dr. Goans is Board Certified in Occupational Medicine through the American Board of Preventive Medicine. He practices general occupational and environmental medicine, particularly oriented toward the medical management of radiation injury. Through REAC/TS, he provides medical consultation on the diagnosis and treatment of actual and suspected radiation exposures, as well as long-term medical follow-up for selected radiation exposure victims. Dr. Goans' recent research has involved development of mathematical techniques for the early estimation of radiation dose, infrared analysis of local radiation injury, and the use of high frequency ultrasound for the analysis of radiation burns.
JOEL E. GRAY
is Professor Emeritus, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and President of DIQUAD, LLC (Dental Image Quality and Dose), a firm that evaluates dental image quality and dose through the mail. Dr. Gray received his BS in Photographic Science and Instrumentation in 1970, an MS in Optical Sciences in 1974, and a PhD in Radiological Sciences from the Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Toronto in 1977.
He served as a Diagnostic Medical Physicist at Mayo Clinic Rochester for 20 y, helped develop and obtain U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for Lorad's (now Hologic) first digital mammography system, and assisted in the development of the microStar patient dosimetry system using optically stimulated dosimetry material while at Landauer, Inc. After leaving Landauer, Dr. Gray founded DIQUAD and continues to operate that business today.
Dr. Gray published the first two books on quality control in medical imaging in 1976 under contract to FDA while in graduate school. Dr. Gray is the primary author of the first quality control text (Quality Control in Diagnostic Imaging—A Quality Control Cookbook) which is in use worldwide and has been translated into Chinese.
His primary areas of interest include image quality in medical and dental imaging, and optimization of image quality and radiation dose. He serves as a consultant to healthcare organizations and industry. Dr. Gray has served on many national and international advisory committees, including the International Commission Radiological Protection (Committee 3, Radiation Protection in Medicine) and is active in projects with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the World Health Organization. He has co-authored eight publications for the IAEA including educational programs and taught courses for the IAEA in several countries. He has over 170 publications in refereed journals and numerous book chapters, and presented lectures and refresher courses in the United States and overseas. He has visited over 40 countries for both business and pleasure.
Dr. Gray was responsible for starting the first Medical Physics Residency Program at Mayo Clinic in 1990. He has mentored masters and doctoral students, and Medical Physics residents.
He was elected to NCRP in 1986 and has served on numerous committees producing NCRP Report No. 99, Quality Assurance for Diagnostic Imaging; Report No. 147, Structural Shielding Design for Medical Imaging Facilities; and Report No. 160, Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States. He has served as a Technical Consultant for NCRP Commentary No. 20, Radiation Protection and Measurement Issues Related to Cargo Scanning with Accelerator-Produced High-Energy X Rays; NCRP Report No. 172, Reference Levels and Achievable Doses in Medical and Dental Imaging: Recommendations for the United States; and NCRP Report 177, Radiation Protection in Dentistry and Oral & Maxillofacial Imaging. After serving 18 y on the Council he was named a Distinguished Emeritus Member in 2005.
Dr. Gray is a Fellow of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and the American College of Medical Physics. In 2010 he received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Upstate New York Association of Medical Physicists and in 2011 the Edith Quimby Lifetime Achievement Award from the AAPM.
RAYMOND A GUILMETTE
received a BS in nuclear engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and an MS in environmental health sciences and a PhD in radiological health from New York University. For almost 40 y, he has been studying the metabolism, biokinetics, dosimetry, biological effects of internally deposited radionuclides, developing methods for removing radionuclides from the body (decorporation), and studying the mechanisms of deposition, clearance and retention of inhaled materials. Most of this research was performed at the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute (LRRI) (formerly the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute), where he worked for 23 y. From 2000 through 2007, he was team leader for internal dosimetry at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, assessing radiation doses for workers who were exposed to radionuclides associated with the nuclear weapons industry.
In 2007, he returned to LRRI as director of the Center for Countermeasures Against Radiation where he evaluated the efficacy of chemical compounds designed to decorporate radionuclides as well as drugs designed to ameliorate the effects of acute radiation syndrome from large external radiation doses in small and large animal models. He is a past president of the Health Physics Society, received its Distinguished Scientific Achievement Award in 2002, and has given several honorary lectures (Newell Stannard Memorial Lecture, 2006; G. William Morgan Lecture, HPS, 2009; inaugural Patricia W. Durbin Memorial Lecture, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2010). He is a member of scientific committees of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, NCRP (a past board member), the International Agency for Research on Cancer, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the U.S. National Academies of Science.
ERIC J. HALL
is the Higgins Professor Emeritus of Radiation Biophysics at Columbia University, and Special Lecturer in Radiation Oncology. Until December 2007 he was Director of The Center for Radiological Research, a position he held for 24 y.
Dr. Hall has been in New York for over 45 y, after receiving his doctorate in radiobiology from Oxford University in the United Kingdom. He has received more than 30 honors and awards, from societies in the United States and the United Kingdom including gold medals from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), the Radiological Society of North America, the American College of Radiology, and the American Roentgen Ray Society, the Janeway Medal from the American Radium Society, the Failla Award from the Radiation Research Society (RRS), and the Kaplan Award of the International Association for Relationship Research. Dr. Hall is an honorary fellow of both the American College of Radiology and the Royal College of Radiology, an honor conferred on few laboratory scientists. He is also a Fellow of ASTRO and the Society of Radiological Protection.
Dr. Hall is the author of over 380 publications in peer-reviewed journals and has authored or co-authored four books, one of which, Radiobiology for the Radiologist, is the definitive text for students of radiation biology and is in its seventh edition.
His research interests include radiation carcinogenesis by low doses of radiation, and the radiobiological basis of radiotherapy. He is currently funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and by the U.S. Department of Energy low-dose program.
He is past president of RRS, the American Radium Society, and the International Association of Radiation Research.
WILLIAM R. HENDEE
received a PhD in physics from the University of Texas. He joined the University of Colorado, ultimately serving as Professor and Chair of Radiology for several years. In 1985 he moved to Chicago as Vice President of Science and Technology for the American Medical Association. In 1991 Dr. Hendee joined the faculty of the Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW) as Senior Associate Dean and Vice President with faculty appointments as professor and vice chair of radiology with additional professorships in biophysics, radiation oncology, and bioethics. He is also Professor of Biomedical Engineering at Marquette University; Adjunct Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee; and Adjunct Professor of Radiology at the University of New Mexico, University of Colorado, and Mayo Clinic - Rochester . From September through December 1994, Dr. Hendee served as Acting Executive Vice President and Dean of the Medical College. In January 1995 he assumed additional responsibilities as Dean of the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. In 2005 he was appointed President of the MCW Research Foundation. He currently holds the title of Distinguished Professor of Radiology, Radiation Oncology, Biophysics and Bioethics at MCW.
Dr. Hendee is certified in Radiologic Physics by the American Board of Radiology and in Health Physics by the American Board of Health Physics. He has been a Director of the American Board of Health Physics and the Health Physics Society, chairman of the Diagnostic Physics and Quality and Safety Committees for the American Board of Radiology, and Past-President of the American Board of Radiology. He is past president of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, the Society of Nuclear Medicine, the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, the 2000 World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, and past vice president of the National Patient Safety Foundation. He is the past-chair of the American Board of Radiology Foundation, and is currently President and Chief Executive Officer of the Commission on the Accreditation of Medical Physics Educational Programs. Dr. Hendee has authored or co-authored over 400 scientific articles and 24 books. He is the editor of Medical Physics, the most widely distributed and read journal in medical physics and engineering in medicine in the world. In 2010 he was awarded the American College of Radiology Gold Medal Award. He received an honorary doctorate from Millsaps College in 1988 and from the University of Patras, Greece in 2009. Other awards include the Radiological Society of North America's Gold Medal, the Gold Medal from the American Roentgen Ray Society, the Elda Anderson Award of the Health Physics Society, and the William D. Coolidge Medal from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
F. OWEN HOFFMAN
is a Distinguished Emeritus Member of NCRP, and President Emeritus of the Oak Ridge Center for Risk Analysis. He is known internationally for his contributions to uncertainty analysis in dose reconstruction and risk assessment. Since 1971, he has worked extensively with issues of exposure pathways analysis, dose assessment, and the evaluation of ecological and human health risk. He helped pioneer quantitative uncertainty analysis in radiation dose estimates. He served as general chairman for an international guidance document (IAEA Safety Series No. 100, 1989) and a national guide (NCRP Commentary No. 14, 1996) on the use of quantitative uncertainty analysis in environmental assessments, dose reconstruction and risk analysis. In 1999, Dr. Hoffman chaired the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Science Advisory Board review of EPA's uncertainty analysis of radiogenic cancer risk.
From 2009 to 2015, he served as an expert consultant to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation Subcommittee on Uncertainties in Radiation Risk Estimates. From 1989 to 1996, he was a Chief Scientist to the International Atomic Energy Agency, using Chernobyl fallout data to test and evaluate exposure assessment models. For the National Institutes of Health and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, he was active in the development of the Interactive Radioepidemiological Program, which estimates the uncertainty in the excess relative risk and the probability of causation (i.e., "assigned share"), for individuals exposed in the past who have been diagnosed with cancer. He was an advisor for NCRP Report No. 171 (2012), Uncertainties in the Measurement of Radiation Risks and Probability of Causation.
He has been involved with both the evaluation of doses received nationwide from U.S. and global fallout from testing of nuclear weapons during the 1950s and early 1960s and the lifetime risk of developing radiogenic thyroid cancer. He also worked with the National Cancer Institute in the development of an interactive online radiation risk assessment tool (RADRAT) to quantify the uncertainty in the excess lifetime risk of cancer resulting from single or multiple sources of exposure to ionizing radiation.
ANN R. KENNEDY
is a Professor in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine and the Richard Chamberlain Professor of Research Oncology at the University of Pennsylvania. She received her PhD in Radiation Biology from Harvard University and remained at Harvard as a faculty member for many years before joining the faculty at the University of Pennsylvania. She has been performing research on mechanisms of carcinogenesis and cancer prevention for her entire career, with research investigations including studies on molecular mechanisms, animal studies, and human trials. Much of the work in the Kennedy laboratory has focused on the soybean-derived protease inhibitor known as the Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI). BBI was originally identified as a cancer preventive agent from in vitro studies, and was then shown to prevent the development of cancer in many different models of animal carcinogenesis.
BBI, as Bowman Birk Inhibitor Concentrate (BBIC), is now being evaluated as a human cancer chemopreventive agent and as a therapeutic agent for several different human diseases. Much of her recent effort has been aimed at developing countermeasures for radiation induced adverse health effects which could occur in astronauts during space travel. She is currently the Team Leader for the Radiation Effects Team of the National Space Biomedical Research Institute, as well as a Co-Team Lead of the Space Radiation Element of the Human Research Program at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Dr. Kennedy is an author of more than 265 scientific papers. She is currently a Distinguished Emeritus member of NCRP.
DAVID C. KOCHER
has extensive experience in areas of environmental health physics and assessments of dose and risk from exposure to ionizing radiation. He has special expertise in evaluations of dose and risk assessment models for regulatory and decision-making purposes, and he has written and lectured extensively on the issue of "risk harmonization" in regulating radionuclides and hazardous chemicals in the environment. Dr. Kocher's work on assessing the biological effectiveness of different radiation types and their uncertainties was an important contribution to the development of the Interactive Radio-Epidemiological Program, and he was principal investigator on work for the Defense Threat Reduction Agency to develop improved models and methods of uncertainty analysis for use in dose reconstructions.
Dr. Kocher has served on several advisory groups for Federal agencies and on committees of the National Academy of Sciences, including committees that produced reports A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency and Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials. For NCRP, Dr. Kocher served on committees that produced NCRP reports on Risk-Based Classification of Radioactive and Hazardous Chemical Wastes (Report No. 139), Approaches to Risk Management in Remediation of Radioactively Contaminated Sites (Report No. 146), Performance Assessment of Near-Surface Disposal Facilities for Low-Level Radioactive Waste (Report No. 152), Radiation Dose Reconstruction: Principles and Practices (Report No. 163), Uncertainties in the Estimation of Radiation Risks and Probability of Disease Causation (Report No. 171), and Evaluation of the Relative Effectiveness of Low-Energy Photons and Electrons in Inducing Cancer in Humans (Report No. 181).
He also was a member of a committee of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) that produced a DOE Standard on A Graded Approach for Evaluating Radiation Doses to Aquatic and Terrestrial Biota. Dr. Kocher has been a frequent consultant to the International Atomic Energy Agency on issues of radioactive and hazardous chemical waste management and protection of the environment.
is Professor and the Section Chief in Thoracic Radiation Oncology in the Division of Radiation Oncology and the Gloria Lupton Tennison Distinguished Endowed Professor for the Lung Cancer Research at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. She went to medical school at Hiroshima University, and received her training and fellowship in Radiation Oncology at the Medical College of Wisconsin and MD Anderson, and received tutelage under Dr. Gilbert Fletcher. She was on faculty at Wisconsin, at Columbia University, and subsequently went to MD Anderson, where she remains since 1988, where she has been a professor since 1994. Dr. Komaki has been an innovative researcher and clinician, and has been and still is the principle investigator in a number of important Radiation Therapy Oncology Group clinical trials in lung cancer.
For her contributions to the field, she has been recognized with numerous awards, including the American Society for Radiation Oncology Fellow in 2006, the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Medal in 2006, which commemorates the 100th anniversary discovery of Radium by Madam Cure, the Juan del Regato Gold Medal in 2008, the American Society of Clinical Oncology Cancer Foundation Merit Award in 2009, the Gold Medal from the Japan Lung Cancer Society in 2009, a Gold Medal from the Japan Radiological Society in 2009, and the Gold Medal from the Japan Society of Therapeutic Radiology in 2010. She was also appointed to be the Emeritus Professor of Japanese Association of Women Radiation Oncologists. Dr. Komaki has been appointed to be the invited professor of Kyoto University in 2009 to 2010. She was given a special award of Takahashi Memorial Lecturer from Japan Radiological Society in April 2009. She has served as the president of American Radium Society in 2008, and was president of the Fletcher Society 2013.
is a staff biophysicist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Her research focuses on fundamental processes that may result in genomic change following exposure to sparsely or densely ionizing radiation. Her group has also addressed links between molecular mechanisms of DNA damage repair and programmed cell death. Dr. Kronenberg has taught radiation biophysics to students at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Radiation Summer School. She received her ScD in Cancer Biology from the Harvard School of Public Health. She has served on review panels for a host of federal agencies and international scientific review panels. She is a senior editor for Radiation Research and serves on the External Advisory Board of the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts program. Dr. Kronenberg's activities with NCRP have included prior service on the Board of Directors, as a member or chair of the Nominating Committee, and as a member of several scientific committees. She is currently a member of NCRP Program Area Committee 1.
SUSAN M. LANGHORST
is the Radiation Safety Officer at Washington University in St. Louis and an Assistant Professor at the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology. Dr. Langhorst also serves as the Radiation Safety Officer for the radioactive material safety programs at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and St. Louis Children's Hospital. Dr. Langhorst was appointed in September 2009 and currently serves as the radiation safety officer representative on the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Advisory Committee on the Medical Use of Isotopes. After completing her undergraduate education at the University of Missouri-Rolla, Dr. Langhorst earned her masters and doctorate of philosophy in nuclear engineering and health physics at the University of Missouri-Columbia. She went on to serve as the Health Physics Manager at the University of Missouri Research Reactor and eventually as the Radiation Safety Officer at the University of Missouri-Columbia.
Dr. Langhorst spent a year sabbatical as an Oak Ridge Associated Universities Faculty Research Fellow in Washington, DC supporting the Office of Science and Technology's Committee on Interagency Radiation Research and Policy Coordination. Dr. Langhorst has been involved with several national organizations. She was involved with National Academy of Sciences serving on the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board (2004 to 2006). Dr. Langhorst has been a member of the NCRP since 1999, served on the Nominating Committee (2005 to 2010), and chaired the Program Committee on Operational Radiation Safety (2002 to 2005).
JOHN J. LANZA
is currently a full-time practicing, board-certified pediatrician for Community Health Northwest Florida which is the Federally Qualified Health Center in Escambia and Santa Rosa counties in Florida.
Dr. Lanza received his BS in Bio-Medical Electrical Engineering from the University of Florida in 1975. He then received an MS in Health Physics (1976) and a PhD (1979) in Radiological and Nuclear Engineering/Medical Radiation Physics, also from the University of Florida. Dr. Lanza worked as a radiation physicist/nuclear engineer for the U.S. Navy’s Nuclear Weapons Radiological Controls Program in the Washington D.C. area for 3 y. Subsequently, Dr. Lanza attended and graduated from the UTESA School of Medicine and then completed a 3 y pediatric residency at Sacred Heart Children’s Hospital, Pensacola, Florida in 1988.
Most recently, Dr. Lanza retired as the Director and Health Officer of the Florida Department of Health (FDOH) in Escambia County where he served in that role from May 1996 until August 2020. Previously, he served the health department as the Deputy Director, Clinical Director, and Senior Physician for 3 y. Beginning in 2001, he was the Public Health and Medical co-chair for the Florida Department of Law Enforcement’s Domestic Security Task Force Northwest Florida. In that position and in others, he has had a major leadership role in developing Public Health Preparedness policies and programs locally, for the State of Florida, regionally, as well as nationally. Before his FDOH positions, Dr. Lanza worked as a pediatric emergency department physician in Lakeland, Florida and was in private pediatric practice in Longwood, Florida.
Dr. Lanza is a board-certified pediatrician, a fellow of the America Academy of Pediatrics, a past president of the Escambia County Medical Society (2004), a longtime member of the Florida Medical Association (FMA), where he was the chair of the FMA’s Council on Public Health for 8 y. He was a founding board member of the Florida Institute for Health Innovation. In addition, he is a former board member and a Fellow of the national Health Physics Society (HPS) where he founded the HPS Homeland Security Section. He was also the 2017 to 2019 Secretary of the Florida Chapter of the Health Physics Society.
Dr. Lanza is a Distinguished Emeritus Member and a former Board Member, Council Member, PAC 3 member, and a member of the Budget & Finance Committee of NCRP. Previously, Dr. Lanza was a Governor-appointed, Florida Commissioner on the Southeast Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact Commission for 14 y. In 2002, Dr. Lanza completed a MPH degree from the University of South Florida College of Public Health. Currently, he is on the faculty of the MPH program at the University of West Florida’s (UWF) Department of Public Health in the College of Health as well as holding faculty positions at UWF’s Department of Movement Sciences and Health and the Center for Environmental Diagnostics and Bio-remediation. He is also a clinical assistant professor in the Department of Clinical Sciences at the Florida State University College of Medicine (FSUCOM). Dr. Lanza previously served on the Residency Advisory Committee for the US Navy Aerospace Residency Program at Naval Air Station Pensacola for 22 y.
Dr. Lanza has numerous publications in the fields of health physics, environmental health, and public health preparedness. Most recently, he served on the scientific committee that authored NCRP Report No. 165, Responding to a Radiological or Nuclear Terrorism Incident: A Guide for Decision Makers. As a practicing public health pediatrician, he is interested in promoting a culture emphasizing healthy lifestyles so that our children and adolescents will develop into productive and physically and behaviorally fit adults. He previously authored an article in a special edition of the Florida Medical Association Journal “Healthiest Weight: A Life Course Approach” on overweight and obesity in adolescents and another article on "Radiological Incidents and the Florida Physician."
MARTHA S. LINET
is currently an NIH Scientist Emerita since retiring in 2020 as Senior Investigator and former Chief of the Radiation Epidemiology Branch (2002 to 2014) in the National Cancer Institute. Dr. Linet’s research has focused on protracted low-dose radiation exposure and cancer risks in radiologic technologists and physicians performing fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures. She has also studied power-frequency magnetic field exposures in relation to childhood leukemia and cellular telephone use and risk of adult brain tumors. Dr. Linet is an internationally recognized expert on postulated risk factors for childhood and adult hematopoietic malignancies, including occupational benzene, medical conditions, medications, early life infections, and potential protective factors such as vitamin D and periconceptional folic acid supplements. Dr. Linet was a Council member of NCRP (2010 to 2016) serving on Scientific Committee 4-4 and is currently a Distinguished Emeritus. She was President of the American College of Epidemiology (2004 to 2005), a member of the National Academy of Sciences Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board (2011 to 2017), and has served on numerous national and international advisory groups and on Editorial Boards (American Journal of Epidemiology and the Journal of the National Cancer Institute).
JILL A. LIPOTI
retired (again) in 2018 as an Assistant Teaching Professor at the Department of Human Ecology at Rutgers University. She conceived and taught “Introduction to Sustainability” and the “Practicum in Sustainability” from 2014 to 2018 as part of the Minor in Sustainability. Moving to Whidbey Island in Puget Sound, Jill is currently serving on the Island County Marine Resources Committee as Vice Chair, and as Commissioner for the Scatchet Head Water District.
PAUL A. LOCKE
a public health scientist and attorney, is an Associate Professor at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Division of Molecular and Translational Toxicology. He holds an MPH from Yale University School of Medicine, a DrPH from the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, and a JD degree from Vanderbilt University School of Law.
Dr. Locke's research and practice focus on how decision makers use environmental health science (toxicology, radiobiology, epidemiology) in regulation and policy making and how environmental health sciences influence the policy-making process. His areas of study include radiation risk communication, designing and evaluating radiation protection initiatives and radiation policies, radon risk reduction, safe disposal of high level radioactive waste, and use of computed tomography as a diagnostic screening tool. Dr. Locke directs the School's Doctor of Public Health program in Environmental Health Sciences.
Dr. Locke was a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board from 2003 to 2009. He has served on seven National Academy committees, and is currently a member of an NAS committee that is tasked with providing an assessment of lessons learned from the Fukushima nuclear accident for improving the safety and security of nuclear plants in the United States. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of NCRP. He was program committee chair of the NCRP's 2010 annual meeting entitled "Communication of Radiation Benefits and Risks in Decision Making." Dr. Locke is admitted to practice law in the state of New York, the District of Columbia, the Southern District Court of New York, and the United States Supreme Court.
ROGER O. McCLELLAN
interest in radiation and radionuclides are rooted in his growing up near the Hanford Nuclear Site where he moved with his parents in 1944. Working at Hanford as a student stimulated his interest in the radiological sciences. After receiving a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from Washington State University in 1960, he joined the staff of the Hanford Laboratories, which continues today as the Pacific Northwest Laboratories. In 1965 and 1966, while on a special assignment with the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission in Washington, DC, he attended his first NCRP meeting. From 1966 to 1988, McClellan provided leadership for the Lovelace Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico program that conducted pioneering research on the acute and long-term health effects of inhaled fission product and transuranic radionuclides. From 1988 to 1999, Dr. McClellan provided leadership for the Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology, Research Triangle Park, North Caroline.
These programs have been internationally recognized for the conduct of lifespan studies in laboratory animals and mechanistic studies on modes of action for both carcinogenic and noncancer effects to complement information gained from epidemiological studies. In 1971, he was elected to the Council serving as a member for 30 y. In 2002, he was elected as a Distinguished Emeritus Member of NCRP. In addition to serving on numerous NCRP committees concerned with the toxicity of internally-deposited radionuclides, he has been an advisor to all the major federal agencies concerned with the health hazards of environmental and occupational exposures to radiation and chemicals. He is a Diplomate of the American Board of Toxicology and American Board of Veterinary Toxicology, and a Fellow of the Health Physics Society, Academy of Toxicological Sciences, American Association for Aerosol Research, Society for Risk Analysis, and American Association for Advancement of Science. In 1990, he was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Science.
Barbara J. McNeil
is the Ridley Watts Professor and founding head of the Department of Health Care Policy at Harvard Medical School. She is also a professor of radiology at Harvard Medical School and at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.
Dr. McNeil’s research activities have focused on several areas, most notably technology assessment and quality of care. Her most recent work includes two large studies supported by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The first focused on a comparison of quality of care for veterans with cardiac disease with the care provided to Medicare beneficiaries seen in private settings. Its report led to the introduction of many changes in the care of veterans with cardiac disease. As a result of that study, she and her colleagues recently completed a similar study on cancer care; they studied patients with lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, or several hematological malignancies. She and colleagues from Abt Associates are now evaluating the extent to which the infrastructure for research in the VA matches the needs of its investigators. With Drs. Chernew and Landon and colleagues from the Children’s Hospital, she is examining the impact of global payments in Massachusetts on the care of children.
Dr. McNeil received her AB degree from Emmanuel College, her MD from Harvard Medical School, and her PhD from Harvard University. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences (where she was recently chair of its Board of Health Care Services) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is now vice chair of the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Also, she serves on the Board of Directors of Edwards LifeSciences (Irvine, California).
Previously Dr. McNeil served as a member of the Prospective Payment Assessment Commission and the Publications Committee of the New England Journal of Medicine.
FRED A. METTLER, JR.
is currently Professor Emeritus and Clinical Professor at the Department of Radiology at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. He was chairman of the department for 18 y from 1994 to 2003. He is currently in the Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Service at the New Mexico Federal Regional Medical Center.
He graduated with a BA in Mathematics from Columbia University and in 1970 he received his MD from Thomas Jefferson University. He performed a rotating internship at the University of Chicago and subsequently completed a Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Residency at Massachusetts General Hospital. He received an MS in Public Health from Harvard University in 1975. He is a fellow of both the American College of Radiology and the American College of Nuclear Physicians. He is board certified in both radiology and nuclear medicine.
Dr. Mettler has authored over 360 scientific publications including 20 textbooks, and holds four patents. The books are on Medical Management of Radiation Accidents, Medical Effects of Ionizing Radiation and Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. He was a Scientific Vice President of NCRP and remains a member. He has chaired several committees for the Institute of Medicine/National Research Council and is a member of the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board of the National Academies. He is also an academician of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. Dr. Mettler has been listed in "The Best Doctors in America" since 1994 as an expert in both nuclear medicine and radiation injury. He has been a certifying examiner for the American Board of Radiology for 30 y.
He was the United States Representative to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation 28 y. He is an Emeritus Commissioner of the International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP). He was the Health Effects Team Leader of the International Chernobyl Project. He has served as an expert on radiation effects and accidents for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the International Agency on Research on Cancer, and for the Costa Rican, Peruvian, Panamanian, Polish governments. He was a co-author of the NCRP and ICRP reports on radiation protection during radiological terrorism and has been a member of multiple subgroups on radiological terrorism for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. He is currently a health advisor to the Japanese Cabinet for the Fukushima nuclear disaster.
CHARLES W. MILLER
is a part-time consultant in nuclear and radiological environmental health. He retired from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in January 2014 after 22 y of service. At the time of his retirement, Dr. Miller was Chief of the Radiation Studies Branch, Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health. In this position, he developed goals and objectives that integrated organization and environmental public health programs on the potential effects of exposure to radiation and radiation-related health research, including providing leadership for the agency’s radiological emergency response and consequence management efforts.
Previously, Dr. Miller worked with the Office of Environmental Safety, Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety (1986 to 1992); the Health and Safety Research Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (1976 to 1986); and was Assistant Professor of Physics, Anderson (Indiana) University (1967 to 1976). His primary areas of expertise are centered on the transport and dose assessment of radionuclides released to the atmosphere, other facets of environmental radiological dose assessment, and nuclear and radiological public health emergency preparedness. He has authored or coauthored over 100 journal articles, laboratory reports, and meeting papers. Dr. Miller is a Distinguished Emeritus Member of NCRP, and is a Fellow of the Health Physics Society. Dr. Miller holds a BS in Physics/Math from Ball State University, an MS in Meteorology from the University of Michigan, and a PhD in Bionucleonics (Health Physics) from Purdue University.
KENNETH L. MILLER
is Emeritus Professor of Radiology and former Director, Division of Health Physics at the Milton S. Hershey Medical Center of the Pennsylvania State University in Hershey, Pennsylvania.
During his career, Mr. Miller authored over 600 presentations, scientific exhibits, and publications (including 18 books). In 1995 he was elected to NCRP. In 2007 he was named a Distinguished Emeritus Member of the Council. He served on Scientific Committee (SC) 46 and then Program Area Committee 2 from 1995 to 2013. He participated in the writing on nine NCRP reports (chaired two committees) and two commentaries (chaired both committees).
Mr. Miller served on numerous federal, state and local advisory committees and held membership in various professional societies. He was an International Radiation Protection Association Delegate and, served on the Board of Directors and as Parliamentarian of the Health Physics Society. He served as a member of the American Board of Health Physics, the American Board of Medical Physics (ABMP), and as a member of the Panel of Examiners for ABMP (Medical Health Physics). In 1982 he received the Elda E. Anderson Award; in 1998, the Fellow Award; in 2004, the Founders Award from the Health Physics Society. From 1994 to 2000 he was Editor-in-Chief of Health Physics. From 1998 to 2005 he was Editor-in-Chief of Operational Radiation Safety. The University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health named him a Distinguished Alumni and the Delaware Valley Society for Radiation Safety of the Health Physics Society presented him with their Meritorious Achievement Award. Upon his retirement from the Penn State Hershey Medical Center the Chair of Radiology was endowed in his name. He currently lives in Hershey, Pennsylvania with his wife Carole and their three dogs, Breeze, Breena and Angel.
A. Alan Moghissi
formed the Institute for Regulatory Science (RSI) in early 1985 after spenting over two decades of federal service at the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). At the EPA, Alan Moghissi held a number of positions including that of Principal Science Advisor for Radiation and Hazardous Materials. Later on, he joined the University of Maryland Baltimore as Assistant Vice President, and Temple University in Philadelphia as Associate Vice President. In both universities his portfolio included operational aspects of environmental health and safety. Alan Moghissi's research has dealt not only with his primary area of education which includes biological and environmental kinetics, but increasingly with the development and implementation of the concept of “Best Available Science” in societal-including regulatory-decisions. Alan Moghissi has written over 400 papers including several books, and has edited a number of scientific journals. Alan Moghissi received his training in Zurich, Switzerland and Karlsruhe, Germany where he received a doctorate degree in physical chemistry.
DAVID S. MYERS
received a BS in physics from Ripon College and an MPH in health physics from the University of Michigan under an AEC Fellowship. He was a health physicist at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory from 1965 to 2000 where he held various positions including Health Physics Group Leader and Radiation Safety Division Leader. Mr. Myers is a member and Fellow of the Health Physics Society and certified by the American Board of Health Physics. He has served on the American Board of Health Physics and as a director of the American Academy of Health Physics. He was elected as a Fellow of the HPS in 1990. David Myers served on the Council from 1996 to 2013 and has served on NCRP Scientific Committee 46 (now Program Area Committee 2) on operational health physics since 1985. He served as chairman of PAC 2 from 2006 to 2013.
BRUCE A. NAPIER
is a Staff Scientist in the Environmental Analysis and Engineering Group at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington and has been for the past 41 y. Mr. Napier works with the development and operation of models concerned with the environmental transport of radiological and chemical contaminants.
His expertise and experience lie in the areas of radiation dose reconstruction, computer modeling, environmental analysis, and human health risk analysis. He is an author of the widely-used GENII computer code. Mr. Napier was the Chief Scientist for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project that evaluated releases from the Hanford Site during production of plutonium. He is now a Principal Investigator for the U.S./Russian Joint Coordinating Committee on Radiation Effects Research, working on the dose reconstructions at the Russian Mayak Production Association for both the workers at and the populations living near the points of atmospheric release and along the Techa River downstream. Mr. Napier is a Scientific Vice President and past member of the Board of Directors of NCRP, a past committee member of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Science Advisory Board and the National Academy of Sciences, a Fellow of the Health Physics Society, and past Chair of oversight panels for the National Cancer Institute's Chernobyl Studies.
Carl J. Paperiello
is a Senior Nuclear Consultant to Talisman. He is a retired U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Senior Executive with extensive experience in health physics, fuel cycle and materials licensing, waste management and decommissioning, NRC inspection and enforcement, emergency preparedness, regulatory policy and international nuclear regulatory activities. He has extensive experience with regulating the safety of fuel reprocessing facilities, including performance of environmental radiochemistry analyses and environmental analytical method development for Nuclear Fuels Reprocessing at West Valley, New York, for the New York State Health Department; management responsibility for the NRC’s oversight of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) activities at West Valley and the licensing of a DOE MOX facility; management responsibility for the development of potential NRC licensing of decommissioning of Hanford reprocessing waste tanks; and management responsibility for the NRC office with potential licensing responsibility for fuel reprocessing. Dr. Paperiello was the former Director of NRC's Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, Director of NRC's Office of Nuclear Materials Safety and Safeguards and was the Deputy Executive Director for Materials, Research and State Programs. He has NRC regional experience, including the position as Deputy Regional Administrator, Region III (Chicago). He has experience in Nuclear Physics, Environmental Radiochemical Analysis and Nuclear Spectroscopy. He has both worked on and led numerous inspection teams and task groups. He has been certified in Comprehensive Health Physics since 1975 and was recently re-elected NCRP Council member. Dr. Paperiello currently holds a Q clearance through DOE’s Office of Naval Reactors.
JOHN W. POSTON
is a retired professor in the Department of Nuclear Engineering and a retired Associate Director of the Nuclear Power Institute. He was at Texas A&M University since 1985 and served for 10 y as the Department Head. Prior to coming to Texas A&M, he was on the faculty at the Georgia Institute of Technology and, earlier, at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Babcock & Wilcox Company in Lynchburg, Virginia. He is a Fellow of the American Nuclear Society, the Health Physics Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a Distinguished Emeritus Member of NCRP.
ANDREW K. POZNANSKI
earned a BSc in Physics and Mathematics and MDCM from McGill University in Montreal (1956). Interned at the Montreal General Hospital and completed a residency in Radiology at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.
Dr. Poznanski served on staff at Henry Ford Hospital and was Co-Director of Radiology at CS Mott Children's Hospital and Professor of Radiology at the University of Michigan from 1968 to 1979; Research Scientist at the Center of Human Growth and Development at the University of Michigan; and Radiologist- in-Chief at Children's Memorial Hospital in Chicago from 1979 to 2000. He was attending radiologist at Children's Memorial from 2000 to 2010 and Professor of Radiology at Northwestern University School of Medicine from 1979 to 2010. He became Professor Emeritus and retired from clinical practice in 2010.
Dr. Poznanski is the recipient of gold medals from the Society for Pediatric Radiology, International Skeletal Society, American Roentgen Ray Society, and the Chicago Radiologic Society. He is an Honorary member of the European Congress of Radiology, the Canadian Association of Radiologists, the Polish Radiological Society and the Australasian Society for Pediatric Imaging. He is past president of the Society for Pediatric Radiology, the American Roentgen Ray Society, and the International Skeletal Society. Past trustee of the American Board of Radiology. Served as member the Main Commission of the International Commission on Radiological Protection and on its Committee on Protection in Medicine. Dr. Poznanski was a member of NCRP from 1977 to 2001 and served on the Board of Directors from 1983 to 1989.
Dr. Poznanski authored The Hand in Radiologic Diagnosis in 1974, Practical Approaches to Pediatric Radiology in 1976, and The Hand in Radiologic Diagnosis with Gamuts and Pattern Profiles in 1984. In 2002, he co-authored Bone Dysplasias: An Atlas of Genetic Disorders of Skeletal Development. He chaired the NCRP scientific committees which wrote Report No. 68, Radiation Protection in Pediatric Radiology and Report No. 99, Quality Assurance for Diagnostic Imaging. His research interests and over 200 publications centered on the radiology of the hand, growth and development, and dysmorpholgy.
R. JULIAN PRESTON
is currently a Special Government Employee (Expert) with the Radiation Protection Division of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). He was previously the Associate Director for Health for the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory of EPA. He also served as Director of the Environmental Carcinogenesis Division at EPA and as senior science adviser at the Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology. He has been employed at the Biology Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and has served as Associate Director for the Oak Ridge-University of Tennessee Graduate School for Biomedical Sciences. Dr. Preston's research and current activities have focused on the mechanisms of radiation and chemical carcinogenesis and the approaches for incorporating these types of data into cancer risk assessments by integrating epidemiology and radiation biology.
Dr. Preston currently serves on NCRP committees and as a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board. He was recently a member of an Office of Science and Technology Policy Committee on Low Dose Radiation Research. He was also recently co-chair of an NAS Committee for a National Aeronautics and Space Administration sponsored project on revising dose limits for astronauts. Dr. Preston was chair of Committee 1 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), a member of the ICRP Main Commission, and the Representative and a member of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. He served as Chair for the National Research Council's Committee to Assess the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program and on the Task Group on the Biological Effects of Space Radiation. He is an associate editor of Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. Dr. Preston has had more than 250 peer-reviewed papers and chapters published. He received his BA and MA from Peterhouse, Cambridge University, England, ingenetics and his PhD from Reading University, England, in radiation genetics.
JEROME S. PUSKIN
is the Director for the Center of Science and Technology in the Radiation Protection Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). He has been at EPA since 1985, heading a group with responsibility for developing models for EPA's assessment of radiation doses and risks. From 1982 to 1998, he worked on similar issues at the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Prior to this, he was first a Postdoctoral Fellow and then a faculty member in the Department of Radiation Biology and Biophysics at the University of Rochester, where he performed research on ion transport into mitochondria and ion binding to phospholipid membranes. His academic degrees include a BA from Johns Hopkins and a PhD from Harvard, both in Physics. He has represented EPA on a number of interagency committees, including a committee established to advise on health protection measures for the U.S. population after Chernobyl and the Executive Committees for the Committee on Interagency Radiation Research and Policy Coordination and the Joint Coordinating Committee for Radiation Effects Research.
He served on the scientific committee (SC) for NCRP Report No. 160, Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States and is currently a member of the NCRP SC 1-20, which is addressing the issue of enhanced relative biological effectiveness for low-energy photons and electrons. He was also a member of a committee of experts who developed the "Late Health Effects Uncertainty Assessment" component for the Probability Accident Consequence Uncertainty Analysis, a joint report of NRC and the Commission of the European Communities.
Genevieve S. Roessler
was elected as a NCRP Council member in 1990 and became a Distinguished Emeritus Member in 2003. Dr. Roessler served on the Nominating Committee from 1993 to 1997 and was the “official” Annual Meeting photographer for several years. She presented the Third Thomas S. Tenforde Topical Lecture at the 2019 NCRP Annual Meeting entitled “HPS Ask the Experts: Our Most Intriguing Questions and Answers.”
She earned a BA in mathematics from Jacksonville University, and an MS in radiation biophysics and a PhD in radiological engineering from the University of Florida. Dr. Roessler was a noted faculty member in the Department of Nuclear Engineering Sciences, University of Florida for 22 y where she was Head of Health Physics and Medical Physics.
Dr. Roessler is a Past President of the Health Physics Society (HPS), a former editor of Health Physics (1982 to 1988), Health Physics News (1992 to 2010), and the HPS website (1999 to 2011). She has received the HPS Founders Award and Distinguished Public Service Award. She is also a Life Member and Fellow of the HPS. Dr. Roessler recently stepped down as the Editor-in-Chief, Health Physics Society (HPS) Ask the Experts feature.
Dr. Roessler currently serves on the Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health, National Institutes of Occupational Safety and Health, and has served on many advisory committees including the Health and Environmental Research Advisory Committee, U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) (1984 to 1988); Health and Safety Research Division Advisory Committee, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (1988 to 1995); Senior Technical Review Group for the Disposition of Weapons Grade Plutonium, DOE (1995 to 1998); Radiation Advisory Committee, Science Advisory Board, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1997 to 2004); Technical Steering Panel, Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project (1988 to 1996); and Bi-national Advisory Group, Chernobyl Health Effects Study, National Cancer Institute (2001 to 2016).
is a consultant, currently concentrating on the preparation of scientific reports produced by NCRP in all subject areas. From 1982 to 1995, he was Director, Office of Health Physics at the Center for Devices and Radiological Health, U.S. Food and Drug Administration. He also served in a number of scientific and management positions related to radiation protection during his 33 y career as a Commissioned Officer in the U.S. Public Health Service, from 1962 to 1995. He received a BS in Chemical Engineering (University of Maryland, 1961), an MS in Environmental Engineering (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1966) and a PhD in Nuclear Engineering (University of Maryland, 1971). His technical work has concentrated on radiation dosimetry, particularly with regard to x rays used for medical diagnosis, epidemiological studies of exposed populations, and public radiation emergencies.
He is a Distinguished Emeritus Member of NCRP (after serving as a Council member for 18 y), and an Emeritus member of Committee 3 (Protection in Medicine) of the International Commission on Radiological Protection [after serving on Committee 3 for 28 y (1985 to 2013)]. He was also a member of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements report committee that produced Report 74, Patient Dosimetry for X Rays Used in Medical Imaging.
Lawrence N. Rothenberg
received a BA in Physics from the University of Pennsylvania (1962), and an MS (1964) and PhD (1970) in Nuclear Physics from the University of Wisconsin at Madison. After completing a postdoctoral fellowship in Medical Physics in the Department of Medical Physics at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), he joined the professional staff at MSKCC and rose to the rank of Attending Physicist and Clinical Member. He directed the Diagnostic X-Ray Quality Assurance Laboratory for MSKCC and New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center for over 35 y until January 2007 when he was appointed Member Emeritus of MSKCC.
Dr. Rothenberg has been President and Chairman of the Board of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, a founding Board Member of the Commission on Accreditation of Medical Physics Education Programs (CAMPEP), and Chairman of the Board of Chancellors of the American College of Medical Physics (ACMP). He is a Fellow of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), the American College of Radiology, the ACMP, and the Health Physics Society. In 2007, Dr. Rothenberg received the Quimby Lifetime Achievement Award of AAPM.
He served on the original Mammography Committee of NCRP, that was Chaired by Louis Hemplemann and one of whose members was John Boice. Dr. Rothenberg chaired, SC 72, the Mammography Committee of NCRP that produced NCRP Reports No. 85 and 149 and is a Distinguished Emeritus Member of NCRP.
Dr. Rothenberg has concentrated much of his activity in the areas of quality assurance in diagnostic radiology, mammography image quality and dosimetry, computed tomography image quality and dosimetry, and in the education of radiology and radiation oncology residents, physics fellows and residents, and radiologic technologists. He currently lectures on various aspects of imaging physics to radiology, radiation oncology, and medical physics residents at MSKCC, Weill-Cornell New York Presbyterian Medical Center, Harlem Hospital Center, and Jacobi Medical Center. He is the Program Director of the CAMPEP Accredited Medical Imaging Physics residency program at MSKCC and an Adjunct Professor in the CAMPEP Accredited Medical Physics Graduate Program at Columbia University.
Henry D. Royal
is a professor of radiology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri and the Associate Director of Nuclear Medicine at the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology. He did his Internal Medicine training at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island and his nuclear medicine training at Harvard University in Boston, Massachusetts. He was a member of the American Board of Nuclear Medicine from 1993 to 1999 and served as its Executive Director from 2004 to 2014. He was President of the Society of Nuclear Medicine from 2003 to 2004.
Dr. Royal was the co-team leader of the health effects section of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s International Chernobyl Project and a member of the Presidential Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments. He has been a member of several National Academy of Sciences committees and was also a member of the Board of Directors of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements from 2000 to 2005. He was a member of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation from 2002 to 2005.
Henry Royal was the scientific chair of the Veterans’ Advisory Committee on Environmental Hazards from 2001 to 2010. He is currently serving on the National Academy of Sciences’ Nuclear and Radiation Sciences Board.
STEPHEN M. SELTZER
is a Guest Researcher in the Dosimetry Group of the Ionizing Radiation and Biomedical Physics Division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). He joined NIST (then the National Bureau of Standards) in 1962. Working with Martin Berger, he co-developed one of the first Monte-Carlo calculations for coupled electron-photon transport to be applied in the energy of interest in medical physics and space-radiation effects. In addition to the development of mathematical methods and techniques for calculation of the transport of ionizing radiation through extended media, his career has focused heavily on the development and critical evaluation of pertinent cross-section information for photon, electron, positron, proton, and alpha-particle interactions with matter.
His algorithms and radiation-interaction data are used in nearly all current Monte-Carlo calculations for radiation transport. In nearly 200 publications, he has addressed various application areas in the radiological sciences, including, theoretical dosimetry, response of radiation detectors, auroral physics, space-radiation shielding, and radiation-source characterization. He served as the Director of the NIST Photon and Charged-Particle Data Center from 1988 until 2010. In 1994 he became Leader of the Radiation Interactions and Dosimetry Group, NIST Ionizing Radiation Division, responsible for the U.S. national measurement standards for the dosimetry of ionizing radiation (gamma rays, x rays, electrons, etc.), from which he retired in 2010. He has served on numerous national and international committees and advisory bodies. In 1997 he was elected to the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) on which he served until 2012. In 1998 he was elected to NCRP.
Among other awards, he received the Department of Commerce Bronze Medal in 1983, their Silver Medal in 1999, was elevated to a Fellow of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine in 2009, was inducted as a NIST Distinguished Scientist in 2012, and in 2014 received the Randall S. Caswell Award for Distinguished Achievement in the Field of Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards from the Council on Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards.
ROY E. SHORE
was a Professor and Chief of the Epidemiology Division at New York University Grossman School of Medicine before going to the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima-Nagasaki as Vice Chairman and Chief of Research. He is an author of over 100 radiation-related publications.
He has served on numerous governmental and scholarly committees, including as a long-time member of the International Commission on Radiological Protection and NCRP, and has served on various committees or task groups for the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), the World Health Organization, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Cancer Institute, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, among others. Most recently, he evaluated the projected health effects of the Fukushima radiation accident for UNSCEAR. His interests include the effects of radiation on both cancer and noncancer disease incidence, and understanding the epidemiologic and biological modification of radiation effects by various environmental, genetic and age factors. Recent publications have particularly focused on the effects of low-dose and low dose-rate radiation.
Paul Slovic is a professor of psychology at the University of Oregon and a founder and President of Decision Research. He holds a BA from Stanford University (1959) and an MA (1962) and PhD (1964) from the University of Michigan. He studies human judgment, decision making, and the psychology of risk. His most recent work examines "psychic numbing" and the failure to respond to mass human tragedies. He and his colleagues worldwide have developed methods to describe risk perceptions and measure their impacts on individuals, industry and society. He publishes extensively and serves as a consultant to industry and government. His most recent books include The Perception of Risk (2000), The Social Amplification of Risk (2003), The Construction of Preference (2006) and The Feeling of Risk (2010).
Dr. Slovic is a past President of the Society for Risk Analysis and in 1991 received its Distinguished Contribution Award. In 1993 he received the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the American Psychological Association and in 1995 the Outstanding Contribution to Science Award from the Oregon Academy of Science. He has received honorary doctorates from the Stockholm School of Economics (1996) and the University of East Anglia (2005).
DANIEL J. STROM
is Staff Scientist at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Adjunct Associate Professor of Environmental Science at Washington State University Tri-Cities. He earned a BS and an MS in physics at the University of Connecticut, and a PhD in Radiological Hygiene from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1984. He was certified by the American Board of Health Physics in 1980, chaired the Part II Panel of Examiners for the 1993 Exam, and served on the American Academy of Health Physics board of directors. Dr. Strom's work experience includes over 5 y as a medical and academic radiation safety officer; 8 y as a faculty member in health physics at the university of Pittsburgh; and more than 22 y as a staff scientist in radiological sciences at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. He was Associate Editor of Health Physics 1994 to 2003, a Fellow of the HPS since 2001, Director of HPS (2008 to 2011), and a Council member of NCRP starting in 2002 where he chaired the committee that wrote NCRP Report No. 146, Approaches to Risk Management at Radioactively Contaminated Sites, and led the assessment of doses from ubiquitous background for NCRP Report No. 160, Radiation Exposure of the U.S. Population.
Dr. Strom's active research interests include quantitative risk analysis for radiological and chemical hazards, models relating radiation and detriment (cancer and heritable ill-health), radiation doses from intakes of radionuclides (internal dosimetry), and applied statistical inference. His longstanding interest in radiation dose reconstruction led to work for National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health compensation decisions under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program, and as lead investigator for medical and internal doses, as well as for uncertainty, for the U.S. Department of Energy Mayak Worker dose reconstruction from 2006 to 2011. He was lead radiation protection design specialist for the Chornobyl Shelter Implementation Plan – Project Management Unit from 2011 to 2013.
TAMMY P. TAYLOR
joined Battelle Savannah River Associates, LLC in June 2021 as Associate Laboratory Director for the Global Security Directorate (GSD) at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) stewarding the newly formed Laboratory’s national security research and development portfolios and staff. GSD leadership and staff at SRNL specialize in nuclear material processing, grid cybersecurity, and asymmetric solutions to counter emerging threats. Previously, she served for 2 y as the Director of the International Data Centre (IDC) Division of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). The IDC collects, processes and analyses monitoring data originating from the facilities of the International Monitoring System to detect nuclear explosions anywhere in the world. Her primary contributions at the CTBTO focused on assuring the effectiveness of five technical sections and oversight of all information technology and Information Security efforts for the CTBTO. Before joining the CTBTO, Dr. Taylor served as the Chief Operating Officer of the National Security Directorate at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) where she led the mission execution, capability development, and project management of the directorate of three divisions and four project management offices representing more than 1,300 personnel and an annual budget of approximately $500 M. Prior to joining PNNL in 2013, Dr. Taylor served in a number of positions over 15 y at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). She served in positions as the Deputy Associate Director of Chemistry, Life and Earth Sciences, the Division Leader of Nuclear Engineering and Nonproliferation, a group leader, project leader, staff member, and Director’s Postdoctoral Research Fellow. From early 2007 to mid-2010 she was an Intergovernmental Personnel Act assignee from LANL in the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President. She managed the national science and technology portfolio on nuclear defence issues within the National Security and International Affairs Directorate of OSTP for Dr. John Holdren and Dr. Jack Marburger, Science Advisors to President Obama and President Bush, respectively. Dr. Taylor has a MS and PhD in Environmental Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology. Her undergraduate degree in Civil Engineering is from New Mexico State University.
JOHN E. TILL
is president Risk Assessment Corporation (RAC) (www.racteam.com). He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy 1967. He served in the U.S. Navy Nuclear Submarine Program and retired a Rear Admiral in the U.S. Naval Reserve in 1999. As a reserve flag officer he served as Deputy Commander Submarine Force Atlantic Fleet and Deputy Commander US Strategic Command and Commander Naval Reserve Readiness Command Region TEN. He is a recipient of Department of Defense Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, two Navy Meritorious Service Medals, two Navy Commendation Medals, and the Navy Achievement Medal.
Following his active duty service, Dr. Till received his MS degree from Colorado State University in 1972 and his PhD degree from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1976. In 1977 he formed RAC. Since its formation RAC has played a key role in our understanding of radioactive materials when they enter the environment and how they affect humans. He has been responsible for major historical dose reconstruction projects at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facilities including Hanford, Washington, Fernald, Ohio, Rocky Flats, Colorado, the Savannah River site, and Los Alamos National Laboratory. Working with Vanderbilt University and National Cancer Institute, Dr. Till’s team developed the first in-depth dosimetry from exposures to military personnel who participated in the atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons between 1945 and 1963. Working with epidemiologists, Dr. Till team of researchers is enabling us to better understand if there is a higher incidence of cancer among this group of over 114,000 veterans.
In 1995, Dr. Till received the E.O. Lawrence Award from DOE in the field of Environmental Science and Technology. He was selected for this honor for his work in public involvement and research in dose reconstruction. He was presented the L.S. Taylor Medal and presented the Taylor Lecture at the annual meeting of NCRP in 2013. In 2020, he received the Health Physics Society’s Distinguished Scientific Achievement Award.
Dr. Till’s scientific achievements include over 200 scientific publications and books that stress new approaches to apply and simplify transport and fate mechanisms in environmental and risk analysis. His most recent book, Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis was published by Oxford University Press. He served on the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) for 12 y and worked with the International Atomic Energy Agency on various regulatory reports. He is a Distinguished Emeritus Member of NCRP and has served on and chaired various committees of the National Academy of Sciences.
Lawrence W. Townsend
is the Chancellor’s Professor Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. He has a BS in Physics from the U.S. Naval Academy, an MS in Physics (experimental nuclear) from the Naval Postgraduate School, and a PhD in Physics (Theoretical Nuclear) from the University of Idaho. He served for 7 y as a nuclear submarine engineer officer. After a short stint as a Research Assistant Professor of Physics at Old Dominion University, he became a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Research Scientist and Senior Research Scientist where his research has focused on nuclear interactions of cosmic rays and their implications for space radiation shielding and crew protection. For these efforts, he was awarded a NASA Scientific Achievement Medal. In 1995 he retired from NASA and entered academia at the University of Tennessee where he retired in June 2017. He is a Fellow of the American Nuclear Society, a Fellow of the Health Physics Society, an Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and an elected member of the International Academy of Astronautics. In 1998 he served as the Organizing Committee Chair for the NCRP Annual Meeting and was elected a Member of Council. He was appointed as a Distinguished Emeritus Member of Council in 2010. He has served as a member of Scientific Committee (SC) 75, Chair of SC 1-7, Consultant to SC 1-24 Phase I, Staff Consultant to SC 1-24 Phase II, and Staff Consultant to SC 8-1.
ROBERT L. ULLRICH
is currently Associate Director for Research at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. After obtaining his PhD at the University of Rochester, he joined Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1974 and served as Director of the Radiation Carcinogenesis Unit until 1989 when he became Vice Chair and Director of the Biology Division in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the University of Texas Medical Branch. In 2001, he joined Colorado State University as Professor and Director of the Radiological Health Science and Cancer Research Program. In 2008 he moved back to the University of Texas Medical Branch where he served as the John Sealy Distinguished Chair in Cancer Biology, Professor and Director of the Sealy Center for Cancer Biology and most recently Director of the Cancer Center. His research over many years has focused on risks and mechanisms of radiation-induced cancer. Initially this work was on the dose-response relationships at low doses and dose rates for radiation-induced cancer in mice. Subsequently, his laboratory developed cell and molecular approaches to study mechanisms in the development of mammary cancer after radiation exposure.
His most recent work of has been funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to establish a Specialized Center of Research in Radiation Carcinogenesis with a focus of studying cancer risks and mechanisms of cancer development following exposure to the unique forms of radiation encountered during space travel. He has served on a number of scientific advisory groups both in the United States as well as internationally In the United States, Dr. Ullrich served on committees for the National Cancer Institute, the U.S. Department of Energy, NASA, NCRP, and the National Academies/National Research Council. Internationally he served on advisory committees including the International Commission on Radiological Protection, the European Commission, and the International Agency for Cancer Research. He is a member of several scientific societies including the American Association for Cancer Research and the Radiation Research Society (RRS). Most recently the RRS awarded him their highest honor, the Failla Medal, for significant contributions in the radiological sciences.
RICHARD J. VETTER
is Professor Emeritus and former Radiation Safety Officer at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnosota. He received his BS and MS degrees in Biology from South Dakota State University and his PhD in Health Physics from Purdue University. He is board certified by the American Board of Health Physics and the American Board of Medical Physics. He served on the Purdue University faculty from 1970 to 1980 and the Mayo Clinic staff and faculty from 1980 to 2010. Dr. Vetter is a member of the National Academies Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board, the Government Liaison for the Health Physics Society (HPS), and a member of the Executive Council of the International Radiation Protection Association. He is a Fellow of HPS and the American Association of Physicists in Medicine and received the HPS Founders Award.
He is past Editor-in-Chief of Health Physics, past president of HPS, past president of the American Academy of Health Physics, and author or coauthor of more than 220 publications, books, book chapters, and other articles. He served as Vice Chair of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Advisory Committee for Medical Uses of Isotopes and member of the Radiation Advisory Committee of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board. He served on the Board of Directors of NCRP, Chair of the NCRP Nominating Committee, and Chair of three and member of two NCRP scientific committees resulting in four NCRP reports and one NCRP statement. Dr. Vetter has received outstanding alumnus awards from South Dakota State University, the Purdue School of Pharmacy and Pharmacal Sciences, the Purdue School of Health Sciences, and the Purdue College of Health and Human Sciences.
F. WARD WHICKER
is Professor Emeritus at Colorado State University (CSU), where he taught graduate level courses in radioecology and radionuclide transport modeling for over 40 y. He and his graduate students conducted research in these fields, leading to the development of approximately 175 open literature publications, dozens of technical reports, many book chapters, and five books. His formal teaching extended to organizations such as the International Atomic Energy Agency, the International Union of Radioecologists, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. In 1989 he founded the Par Pond Radioecology Laboratory at the Savannah River Site, where he spent 3 y studying the behavior of radionuclides in aquatic ecosystems. Dr. Whicker is regarded as one of the founders of radioecology, the field addressing the fate and effects of radioactivity in the environment. His early work on fallout radionuclides in ecosystems had implications for health effects in human, plant and animal populations. His research on the effects of ionizing radiation on plants and animals has contributed to the development of national and international guidelines for protecting the general environment from radioactive contamination. His work on radionuclide transport processes played a role in our understanding of mineral cycles and energy flows in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. He led the development of the PATHWAY foodchain transport model to predict internal doses from fallout radionuclides to residents of nine states near the Nevada Test Site. He also was a pioneer in using field measurement data to test the accuracy of computer models for prediction of radionuclide behavior in the environment.
Dr. Whicker also helped develop probabilistic uncertainty/sensitivity analysis in environmental transport and dose codes. His service to the NCRP includes the Board of Directors, Scientific Vice President, Council member, and member or chair of several committees. He has served on committees of the National Academy of Science/National Research Council in the area of environmental problems of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Weapons Complex. He has chaired national and international working groups and scientific writing teams, for example, for the International Atomic Energy Agency, the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, and the NCRP. He has served on review panels for many organizations, consulted for private organizations, and is frequently called as an expert witness on litigation issues concerning radioactivity in the environment.
He served as Associate Editor for the Americas for the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. His awards include the Sigma Xi CSU Chapter Honor Scientist, the CSU Glover Gallery of Distinguished Faculty, the Award for Significant Scientific Contributions from the Health Physics Society, the E. O. Lawrence Award from DOE, and the International Union of Radioecology's first V.I. Vernadsky Award. In "retirement," he guides mountain trips for the Colorado Mountain Club, and volunteers time to lecture and advise graduate students at CSU.
CHRIS G. WHIPPLE
served as a Principal in Environ/Ramboll’s Emeryville, California office until his retirement in 2016. His expertise is with the management of risks to health and the environment. Major emphases of his work have been with risks associated with radioactive materials, including radioactive wastes, with hazardous air pollutants, and with environmental mercury. He has served on numerous national committees to study and advise on radioactive waste management, including committees of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and NCRP, of which he is an emeritus member. He was elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering in 2001 and is a designated National Associate of the National Academies. Dr. Whipple has chaired the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Board on Radioactive Waste Management, and NAS committees on the Review of the Hanford Site's Environmental Remediation Science and Technology Plan, Models in the Regulatory Decision Process, Medical Isotope Production without Highly Enriched Uranium, and the Committee on Risk-Based Approaches for Securing the U.S. Department of Energy's Nuclear Weapons Complex. Dr. Whipple also co-chaired the Academies' Report Review Committee from 2008 to 2016.
He was a charter member of the Society for Risk Analysis and served as its second president. In 1990, he received the Society's outstanding service award. He is a Fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science and of the Society for Risk Analysis. His experience prior to joining Environ includes positions as Vice President of ICF Consulting, Vice President of ICF Kaiser International, and Technical Manager for Environmental Risk Assessment of Electric Power Research Institute's Environment Division. He holds a BS in engineering science from Purdue University, and an MS and PhD, also in engineering science, from the California Institute of Technology. In 2004, he received Purdue's Distinguished Engineering Alumni Award.