Report No. 136 – Evaluation of the Linear-Nonthreshold Dose-Response Model for Ionizing Radiation (2001)

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Sort Title : Report No. 136

ISBN : ISBN 0-929600-69-X

Scientific Committee :

  • Arthur C. Upton, Chairman
  • S. James Adelstein
  • David J. Brenner
  • Kelly H. Clifton
  • Stuart C. Finch
  • Eric J. Hall
  • Howard L. Liber
  • Robert B. Painter
  • R. Julian Preston
  • Roy E. Shore
  • Amy Kronenberg, Advisor

Executive Summary

Report No. 136 (2001) presents an evaluation of the existing data on the dose-response relationships and current understanding of the health effects of low doses of ionizing radiation. This reevaluation was carried out by Scientific Committee 1-6, which was charged to reassess the weight of scientific evidence for and against the linearnonthreshold dose-response model, without reference to associated policy implications. The evaluation was prompted by the need to reassess the common use, for radiation protection purposes, of the linear-nonthreshold dose-response hypothesis in the light of new experimental and epidemiological findings, including growing evidence of adaptive responses to small doses of radiation which may enhance the capacity of cells to withstand the effects of further radiation exposure, and new evidence concerning the possible nature of neoplastic initiation.

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